Neustadt bei Coburg

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Neustadt b.Coburg
Saint George's church
Saint George's church
Coat of arms of Neustadt b.Coburg
Coat of arms
Neustadt b.Coburg is located in Germany
Neustadt b.Coburg
Neustadt b.Coburg
Coordinates: 50°19′44″N 11°7′16″E / 50.32889°N 11.12111°E / 50.32889; 11.12111Coordinates: 50°19′44″N 11°7′16″E / 50.32889°N 11.12111°E / 50.32889; 11.12111
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberfranken
District Coburg
Subdivisions 22 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor Frank Rebhan (SPD)
Area
 • Total 61.90 km2 (23.90 sq mi)
Elevation 344 m (1,129 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 15,279
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 96465
Dialling codes 09568
Vehicle registration CO (alt: NEC)
Website www.neustadt-bei-coburg.de

Neustadt bei Coburg (also written Neustadt b. Coburg) is a town in the district of Coburg in northern Bavaria, Germany. It is situated 15 km northeast of Coburg, as its name indicates.

Local sudivisions[edit]

Neustadt bei Coburg is subdivided into 22 local unites (Ortsteile):

  • Aicha
  • Birkig
  • Boderndorf
  • Brüx
  • Ebersdorf
  • Fechheim
  • Fürth am Berg
  • Haarbrücken
  • Höhn
  • Horb
  • Kemmaten
  • Ketschenbach
  • Meilschnitz
  • Mittelwasungen
  • Neustadt b. Coburg
  • Plesten
  • Rüttmannsdorf
  • Thann
  • Unterwasungen
  • Weimersdorf
  • Wellmersdorf
  • Wildenheid

History[edit]

The Middle Ages[edit]

In the second half of the 12th century, Count Hermann von Wolweswac founded the town of Neustadt with the building of a castle. Governance of the city was left to the Counts of Andechs, the later Dukes of Meranien. Neustadt is first mentioned in a document from the 16th of June, 1248, describing the "market forum" ("Marktflecken") of Neustadt. In 1316, Neustadt was designated a City, and in 1353, Neustadt came under the care of Coburg, making it a possession of the House of Wettin, which is remained until the First World War. Under Wettin rule, the city acquired the two-tailed, red and black lions which grace its coat of arms.

Neustadt lay on a major trade route between Nürnberg and Leipzig, and in the 14th century, the city received a parish church. By the end of the Middle Ages, the city had a population of roughly 570.

Thirty Years' War[edit]

By the time the Thirty Years' War began, Neustadt's population had grown to roughly 1000. When the war began, the leaders of Coburg declared their neutrality. However, because the trade route on which Neustadt lay came to be used as a route of transportation by the various combatants, the city suffered greatly. Still greater damage came in 1636, when a large fire, unrelated to the war, which burnt down over half of the city.

In 1839, a second, larger fire destroyed 179 of the city's 226 houses, as well as the city hall and archives, and heavily damaged the church.

End of World War I, decision to join Bavaria[edit]

When the First World War ended in 1918 and the Weimar Republic was founded, the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha ceased to be a duchy. At first, it formed the Free State of Coburg. This state proved so small as an administrative unit that the decision was made to have the Free State become a part of either Thuringia or Bavaria. A referendum, held in 1919, saw Neustadt (and the rest of the Free State of Coburg) decide, by overwhelming majority, against Thuringia and thus for Bavaria. Neustadt politician and industrialist Max Oscar Arnold had actively campaigned for union with Bavaria.

Religion[edit]

Most residents of Neustadt bei Coburg are members of the Evangelical Church (Lutheranism). But there are also communities of Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventists and Muslims.

References[edit]

External links[edit]