Neutra VDL Studio and Residences
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Richard and Dion Neutra VDL Research House II
|Location||2300 Silver Lake Boulevard, Los Angeles, California|
|Area||4,200 square feet (lot size)
3,501 square feet (structures)
|Built||1932,razed 1963,rebuilt 1964|
|Architect||Richard Neutra and Dion Neutra|
|Governing body||Private, Cal Poly Pomona College of Environmental Design|
|NRHP Reference #||03000774|
|Added to NRHP||May 8, 2009|
Neutra VDL Studio and Residences, the home of architect Richard Neutra, is located at 2300 Silver Lake Boulevard, in Los Angeles, California. It is also known as the Neutra Research House, the Van der Leeuw House or the Richard and Dion Neutra VDL Research House II. It was designed by Richard Neutra and his son Dion Neutra. The house is currently owned by Cal Poly Pomona and is maintained by its College of Environmental Design.
The property was added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) on May 8, 2009 and the listing was announced as the featured listing in the National Park Service's weekly list of May 15, 2009.
Originally built in 1932, the 2,000-square-foot (190 m2) house was built for Neutra and his family and called the VDL Research House because it was built with a loan from Neutra's early patron, Cees H. Van der Leeuw, a wealthy Dutch industrialist and architecture aficionado. Neutra and his wife, Dione, raised their three sons at the house. He also ran his architecture practice out of a studio in the house until he later opened his design studio at the Neutra Office Building on Glendale Boulevard (a property that is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places).
In his design of the VDL Research House, Neutra sought to show that the innovations of his Lovell Health House could be incorporated into designs for less affluent clients. Through use of natural lighting, glass walls opening onto patio gardens and mirrors, Neutra designed a space that was not confining and which reflected the nearby lake. Neutra later wrote the following about the VDL Research House:
"I was convinced that high-density design could succeed in a fully human way, and I saw my new house as a concrete pilot project. I wanted to demonstrate that human beings, brought together in close proximity, can be accommodated in very satisfying circumstances, taking in that precious amenity called privacy. So armed with my memories and convictions, and in direct contrast to the sense-inimical mien of my boyhood surroundings, I planted three families on my ordinary 60-by-70-foot lot, next to Silver Lake. And I was able to arrange things in such a way as to embellish our lives with abundant plantings and bracing vistas. One felt a great sense of freedom in the VDL, as everything was carefully planned to avoid interference between the various zones of the house, and there were many options for getting off by oneself."
Neutra later took pride in the fact "hundreds of perfect strangers have been coming by the house every year," many coming to a halt, "somehow mesmerized, and perhaps wistfully wondering why this constructive figment of clarity and composure hadn't grown on Los Angeles generally."
One critic later said of the house:
"Even a down-on-his-luck architect deserves humane housing. When the budding Modernist hero Richard Neutra built a home along Silver Lake Reservoir in 1932, he had a budget of $10,000 and a tiny sliver of land. What he built became a nimble experiment in urban living."
The small rooms in the house are arranged around an open staircase and have "austere, built-in furniture, all in neutral tones." It has been said that the "house's strength came from its temporal quality: Light, water and air were meant to induce a wholesome life." The house was Neutra's third commission in the United States and was built four years after the Lovell Health House in Los Feliz. The Research House later became the focus of a cluster of ten Neutra-designed houses on Argent Place overlooking Silver Lake.
The original house was destroyed by fire in March 1963. Along with the house, the fire destroyed Neutra's collection of sketches, writings and architecture library. Neutra's son, Dion Neutra, rebuilt the house with his father's oversight. The original footprint of the house was preserved, though a number of changes were made in the design. One critic later wrote that the "original clarity was now gone, but the new house gained a jumpy visual complexity."
In 1980, Neutra's widow donated the house, then valued at $207,500, to Cal Poly Pomona to be used by the university's College of Environmental Design faculty and students. The building was in some disrepair and in danger of deteriorating further, in 2008, when a fund-raising campaign to preserve it was launched.
The house is located just a few hundred yards from the Neutra Office Building, Neutra's offices from 1950–1970, which is also NRHP-listed. The house is open for tours led by Cal Poly Pomona architecture students on Saturdays. It is the only Neutra-designed house that is regularly open to the public.
- "Announcements and actions on properties for the National Register of Historic Places". Weekly Listings. National Park Service. May 15, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
- Lauren Weiss Bricker (May, 2008). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Neutra Research House" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved May 15, 2009. (81 pages, with house plans, design sketches, and 20 photos)
- L.A. County assessor information shows three improvements on property, of 2,174, 1,033, and 294 square feet.
- Prioritization and Recovery Responses | Cal Poly Pomona
- "Weekly List Actions". National Park Service. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
- Larry Gordon (1986-04-13). "Widow of Famous L.A. Architect Dione Neutra Gains Renown of Her Own". Los Angeles Times.
- Richard Neutra (1989-01-08). "Sneak Previews of Forthcoming Books Thoughts on Architecture (excerpts from "Nature Near, the late essays of Richard Neutra" published by Capra Press)". Los Angeles Times.
- Diane Kanner and Fred Chriss (1992-04-05). "Pioneer Architect Neutra to Be Honored". Los Angeles times.
- Nicolai Ouroussoff (1997-01-30). "Reflecting on Neutra Genius; Commentary: Today's architecture students can learn much from a 1930s experiment by Modernist Richard Neutra. More than a landmark, it is an inspiration". Los Angeles Times.
- "Architect Rebuilding Famed Research House". Los Angeles Times. 1964-03-15.
- "Cal Poly Pomona Given Neutra Research House". Los Angeles Times. 1980-03-02.
- "Architect's Home Given To Cal Poly". Los Angeles Times. 1980-05-18.
- Stephani L. Miller. "Saving Neutra's VDL House". Residential Architect.
- Poletti, Therese (May 17, 2010). "A Modern Dilemma Neutra's Los Angeles Home Needs Work". Preservation Magazine Online. National Trust for Historic Preservation. Retrieved May 2010.
- Neutra VDL House: Tours