Neutral Bay, New South Wales

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Neutral Bay
SydneyNew South Wales
(1)Bent St Neutral Bay.jpg
View from Bent Street
Population 9,384 (2011)[1]
 • Density 5,870/km2 (15,200/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2089
Area 1.6 km2 (0.6 sq mi)
Location 5 km (3 mi) north of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) North Sydney Council
State electorate(s) North Shore
Federal Division(s) North Sydney, Warringah
Suburbs around Neutral Bay:
Crows Nest Cammeray Cremorne
North Sydney Neutral Bay Mosman
Milsons Point Kirribilli Cremorne Point

Neutral Bay is a harbourside suburb on the Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Neutral Bay is around 5 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of North Sydney Council.[2]

Neutral Bay takes its name from the bay on Sydney Harbour. Kurraba Point, formerly a locality in Neutral Bay, was declared a separate suburb in 2010, sharing the postcode 2089. Surrounding suburbs include North Sydney, Cammeray, Milsons Point, Cremorne and Cremorne Point.

History[edit]

The name "Neutral Bay" originates from the time of the early colonial period of Australia, where different bays of Sydney harbour were zoned for different incoming vessels. This bay was where all foreign vessels would dock, hence the name neutral.[3]

The Aboriginal name for the area was 'Wirra-birra'. In 1789, soon after the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney, Governor Arthur Phillip declared this bay a neutral harbour where foreign ships could anchor and take on water and supplies.[4] Neutral Bay was far enough away from Sydney Cove to discourage convicts from escaping on these vessels and to keep possible enemy ships at a distance from the main settlement.[5]

By the beginning of the 20th century, Neutral Bay and Cremorne were developing as "alternative society suburbs", populated by the kind of people who were attracted to the Arts and Crafts architectural style that was in vogue at the time.[6] This style was an attempt to get away from mass production and give homes the "human touch". Notable examples soon appeared in the area. Brent Knowle, in Shellcove Road, was designed by Bertrand James Waterhouse and built in 1914.[7] It influenced home design in the area for at least the next fifteen years[8] and has a state heritage listing.[9]

A different style was used for The Cobbles, also in Shellcove Road. Designed by Peddle and Thorp and built in 1918, it made great use of natural stones and pebbles to achieve the desired look. It is an Australian interpretation of the California Bungalow style and has a state heritage listing.[10]The Gables, in Spruson Street, was another Waterhouse design and was built in 1920. It was influenced by the "shingle style" which was brought to Sydney by Horbury Hunt, and featured prominent gables and extensive use of shingles. More Waterhouse designs appeared in Shellcove Road in the vicinity of The Cobbles and Brent Knowle.[8] An outstanding example is Ailsa, which was designed by Waterhouse for Capt. Robert Craig and built in 1908. It has a state heritage listing.[11] Along with Keynsham, St Anne's and Gundimaine House, these homes form a significant heritage group and have a state heritage listing.[12][13]

Neutral Bay was also the home of the children's author and painter May Gibbs, who lived for a time in Derry, a two-storey Federation home in Phillips Street. Afterwards, she moved to the home Nutcote in nearby Kurraba Point.

Commercial area[edit]

Neutral Bay Junction on Military Road

The main shopping district of Neutral Bay, known as Neutral Bay Junction, is along Military Road, which is the main road that runs through Neutral Bay, Cremorne and Mosman. It features many quality shops, restaurants and cafes. The Big Bear shopping centre is a shopping mall that features a supermarket and grocery shops.

The Oaks Hotel is a well-known and popular venue located on the corner of Military Road and Ben Boyd Road. It has been a popular meeting place in Sydney since 1885. The Oaks Hotel features a number of restaurants, bars, function rooms and an impressive beer garden with the main focal point an old oak tree that provides plenty of shade to patrons in summer.

Transport[edit]

At the 2011 census, 37.3% of employed people travelled to work on public transport and 35.1% by car (either as driver or as passenger).[1]

The Neutral Bay wharf sits at the end of Hayes Street and it is serviced by both public Inner harbour ferry services and private ferries.

The Warringah Freeway runs along the western border of Neutral Bay, providing links south to the Sydney CBD and north to Chatswood. Military Road has been a prominent local electoral issue, due to issues relating to the heavy traffic congestion on the road.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census, the suburb of Neutral Bay recorded a population of 9,384. Of these:[1]

Age distribution 
The distribution of ages in Neutral Bay showed a large over-representation in the 25-34 age group (30%) compared to the country as a whole (14%), with fewer children or seniors. Neutral Bay residents' median age was 35 years, compared to the national median of 37. Children aged under 15 years made up just 10% of the population (national average is 19%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 12% of the population (national average is 14%).
Ethnic diversity 
Just over half (55%) of residents were born in Australia; the next most common countries of birth were England, New Zealand and Japan. However, only 74% of people only spoke English at home; other languages included Japanese 2.2%, Mandarin 2.0%, and Cantonese 1.9%.
Religion 
This question is optional in the Census. Of the people who answered it, the most common response was "No Religion" (30%); the next most common responses were Catholic, Anglican, and Buddhism.
Income 
The median weekly household income was $2,073, compared to the national median of $1,234.
Housing 
Nearly three-quarters (72%) of residences were flats, units or apartments. Stand-alone houses accounted for another 10%, and 17% were semi-detached. The average household size was 1.9 people.

Schools[edit]

Places of worship[edit]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Norths Pirates Junior Rugby Union Club is the local village Rugby Club, the former Club being known as Cambridge Bay Junior Rugby Union Club.[14] This Club taking its name from Northbridge, Cammeray and Neutral Bay. The Pirates play home games at Tunks Park Cammeray and train at Primrose Park in Cremorne and Anderson Park.

The Neutral Bay Club is a tennis and bowls club, bistro and sports bar situated next to Ilbery Reserve in the centre of Neutral Bay.[15] In continuous operation since 1882, it is one of the oldest licensed clubs in New South Wales.[16] The club features four floodlit tennis courts, a floodlit bowling green surrounded by a heated deck, two function rooms and a members lounge.[17] It runs teams of various levels in the Sydney tennis and bowls leagues, with its lady bowlers having regularly won the Sydney Pennant.[18]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Neutral Bay (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
  3. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 185
  4. ^ Sydney Harbour Federation Trust Sites - Macquarie
  5. ^ Naming North Sydney Image Library
  6. ^ Sydney Architecture, Graham Jahn (Watermark Press) 1997
  7. ^ A Pictorial Guide to Identifying Australian Architecture, Apperly (Angus and Robertson) 1994, p.142
  8. ^ a b Sydney Architecture
  9. ^ State Heritage Website
  10. ^ State Heritage Website
  11. ^ State Heritage Website
  12. ^ State Heritage Website
  13. ^ State Heritage Website
  14. ^ http://www.northspirates.rugbynet.com.au/default.asp?id=197458
  15. ^ http://www.northsydney.nsw.gov.au/www/html/2992-ilbery-reserve.asp
  16. ^ http://www.au.timeout.com/sydney/sports/venues/5462/neutral-bay-club
  17. ^ http://neutralbayclub.com/the-club
  18. ^ http://neutralbayclub.com/bowls/competition-bowls

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°50′04″S 151°13′06″E / 33.8345°S 151.2184°E / -33.8345; 151.2184