A rectified spirit, also known as rectified alcohol, grain alcohol, or neutral spirit, is highly concentrated ethanol which has been purified by means of repeated distillation, a process that is called rectification. It typically contains 95% alcohol by volume (ABV). Rectified spirits sold on the consumer market are used in mixed drinks, in the home production of liqueurs, for medicinal purposes, and as a household solvent. Rectified spirits are also produced by distillers for dilution and mixing with more traditional distilled beverages to produce inexpensive liquor.
The purity of rectified spirit has a practical limit of 95.6% ABV (191.2 US proof) when produced using conventional distillation processes, because a mixture of ethanol and water becomes an azeotrope at this concentration.
Neutral spirit is legally defined as spirit distilled from any material distilled to over 190 proof and bottled at or above 80 proof. Everclear and Spirytus Stawski are some examples of neutral spirits marketed in the US.
Availability of neutral spirit for retail purchase vary between states.
Minnesota (all neutral spirit), Florida, Hawaii, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada (all alcoholic beverage with ABV in excess of 80%), North Carolina, Virginia, Indianapolis and West Virginia.
Grain spirits is a legal classification for neutral spirit that is distilled from fermented grain mash and stored in oak containers.
In Polish, spirytus rektyfikowany means rectified spirit. The Polish product is labelled as 96% ABV. There are several different Polish companies that sell spirytus. Most of these are part of the former state-owned monopoly Polmos, which is now being privatized.
- Spirytus Rektyfikowany 96%
- Spirytus Rektyfikowany Luksusowy 96%
- Spirytus Wratislavia 96%
In German, rectified spirit is generically called Primasprit (colloquial) or, more technically, Neutralalkohol. It contains 95.6% alcohol (191.2 US proof) and is usually available in apothecaries only (some Russian food stores do sell it as well). In the former East Germany, it was available in regular stores.
In Germany, Primasprit is most often used for making homemade liqueurs; other types of use are rare. Most of the Primasprit produced in Germany is made from grain and is therefore a neutral grain spirit.
- 27 C.F.R. 5.22
- "Polish spirits", Stawski Distributing, retrieved 2013-06-30
- https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=340A.506 MN 340A.506
- 2009 Florida Statutes, Title XXXIV
- NRS: CHAPTER 202 - CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY
- ABC Commission to end sales of 190-proof booze | Cape Fear Watchdogs