Neuwiedia

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Neuwiedia
Neuwiedia griffithii.jpg
Neuwiedia griffithii
1874 illustration from
Curtis's Botanical Magazine
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Apostasioideae
Genus: Neuwiedia
Blume, 1833
Type species
Neuwiedia veratrifolia
Blume

Neuwiedia is a genus of primitive terrestrial orchids (family Orchidaceae), comprising 9 species native to China, Southeast Asia and certain Pacific Islands.[1][2]

The genus is distributed in shaded. Like the genus Apostasia of the same subfamily, this genus is noted for having 3 fertile stamens instead of only one as in the case of most orchids. Because of this primitive characteristics, the genus was considered by some as not being true orchids.

The genus was named by Carl Ludwig von Blume in honor of Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied (1782-1859).

These primitive orchids are hairy, tall herbs without rhizomes. They grow long, plicate leaves. They produce an unbranched, erect, terminal inflorescence bearing usually white or yellow, nodding flowers.

Species[edit]

The following species are recognized as of June 2014:

  1. Neuwiedia borneensis de Vogel 1969 - Borneo
  2. Neuwiedia elongata de Vogel 1969 - Borneo
  3. Neuwiedia griffithii Rchb.f. 1874 - Vietnam, Malaya, Sumatra
  4. Neuwiedia inae de Vogel 1969 - Borneo, Vietnam
  5. Neuwiedia malipoensis Z.J.Liu, L.J.Chen & K.Wei Liu 2012 - Yunnan
  6. Neuwiedia siamensis de Vogel 1969 -Thailand
  7. Neuwiedia veratrifolia Blume 1834 - Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands
  8. Neuwiedia zollingeri Rchb.f. 1857 - Hainan, Hong Kong, Yunnan, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
    1. Neuwiedia zollingeri var. annamensis (Gagnep.) Aver - Vietnam
    2. Neuwiedia zollingeri var. javanica (J.J.Sm.) de Vogel - Vietnam, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Bali
    3. Neuwiedia zollingeri var. singapureana (Wall. ex Baker) de Vogel - Hainan, Hong Kong, Yunnan, Thailand, Vietnam, Borneo, Sumatra, Malaysia
    4. Neuwiedia zollingeri var. zollingeri - Sumatra, Java

References[edit]

  • Stern, W. L., V. Cheadle, and J. Thorsch. 1993 - Apostasiads, systematic anatomy, and the origins of Orchidaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 111: 411–45
  • A. Kocyan, Y.-L. Qiu1, P. K. Endress, and E. Conti1 - A phylogenetic analysis of Apostasioideae (Orchidaceae) based on ITS, trnL-F and matK sequences; Plant Syst. Evol. (2004)
  • Pridgeon, A.M.; Cribb, P.J.; Chase, M.W. & F. N. Rasmussen (1999): Genera Orchidacearum Vol.1, Oxford U. Press. ISBN 0-19-850513-2

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Neuwiedia at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Neuwiedia at Wikispecies