Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad Depot

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Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad Depot
Reno NCO Station.jpg
Postcard view of the depot
Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad Depot is located in Nevada
Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad Depot
Location 325 E 4th St
Reno, Nevada
Coordinates 39°31′52″N 119°48′34″W / 39.53111°N 119.80944°W / 39.53111; -119.80944Coordinates: 39°31′52″N 119°48′34″W / 39.53111°N 119.80944°W / 39.53111; -119.80944
Built 1910
Architect Frederic Joseph DeLongchamps
Architectural style Mission eclectic
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 80002469
MARKER # 210
Added to NRHP February 8, 1980

The Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad Depot was built by the Nevada-California-Oregon Railway in 1910 in Reno, Nevada. It is Nevada Historical Marker number 210.[1] It is also listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

The depot is a two-story rectangular brick building that has a variety of design styles. The low-pitch hip roof is clad in red Spanish tiles. The lower floor has Roman arches around the doors and windows. There is extensive use of concrete in this building, in the quoins, keystones, imposts, and sills.[2]

The railroad was organized in Reno in June 1880 as the Nevada and Oregon Railroad. It was decided that the best plan was to build north to the Columbia River to service cattle ranches and farms in northeastern California and eastern Oregon. The company decided to lay narrow-gauge track because it was cheaper than standard gauge construction. It became one of the longest narrow-gauge railroads in the United States.[2]

The railroad did well until the mid-1910s. In 1917, the railroad sold all of its holdings in the State of Nevada to the Western Pacific Railroad (WP). The WP then replaced the narrow-gauge track with standard gauge. The depot continued to serve the citizens of Reno until 1937. In 1937 there was no longer passenger service, however the depot was used as offices by the WP until 1975. The building was then sold to private individuals who used it for a variety of functions.[2]

The depot was listed in the National Register of Historic Places for its association with the Nevada-California-Oregon Railway, for the railroad development of Nevada, and for its distinctive architecture.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad Depot (1910)". Washoe County Historical Markers. Nevada State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  2. ^ a b c Abbe, Sally (1979). "Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad Depot" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-05-02.