Neve Ativ

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Neve Ativ
נְוֵה אַטִי"ב
NeveAtiv Houses.jpg
Neve Ativ is located in the Golan Heights
Neve Ativ
Neve Ativ
Coordinates: 33°15′42″N 35°44′28″E / 33.26167°N 35.74111°E / 33.26167; 35.74111Coordinates: 33°15′42″N 35°44′28″E / 33.26167°N 35.74111°E / 33.26167; 35.74111
Council Golan
Region Golan Heights
Founded 1972
Population (2005) 173
Ski resort machines

Neve Ativ (Hebrew: נְוֵה אַטִי"ב), is a small Alpine-styled Israeli settlement (moshav) in the Golan Heights, founded in 1972, and located on the slopes of Mount Hermon, 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) west of Majdal Shams.[1] The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Golan Heights illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[2]

Community

About 37 families live there. The name Ativ is an acronym for four fallen soldiers from the Egoz Reconnaissance Unit killed in action in the Golan: Avraham Hameiri, Tuvia Ellinger, Yair Elegarnty, and Binyamin Hadad. Neve means Oasis.

Ski resort

The moshav's main industry is tourism. Neve Ativ operates a thriving Mount Hermon ski resort on 25 kilometers (16 mi) of ski runs on the slopes of the 9,232 feet (2,814 m)-above-sea-level Mount Hermon is the closest organized lodging area for visitors to the area.[3][4]

The ski resort was destroyed in the Yom Kippur War. The following season, it was back in business as Israel's only ski resort.[5] Frank Riley wrote in the Los Angeles Times, "This is a mountain and an experience that should happen at least once in every skier's lifetime."[6] The ski season lasts three months, on average (December–March).[7] In one weekend in January 2000, the ski site had 11,000 visitors.[8] Later that month, the leaders of Neve Ativ expressed a hope to turn the ski resort into a joint Israeli-Syrian venture, opening it on both the Israeli and Syrian sides as an international tourist attraction.[9]

Arab-Israeli conflict

Israel and Syria fought major battles in the area in 1967 and 1973, and it remains a strategic military position.[10] Neve Ativ was built on the land of the destroyed Syrian village of Jubata ez-Zeit.[11][12]

In November 1996, a dining room in the settlement was set on fire and the walls on the building had "Down With the Occupation" and "The Golan Belongs to Syria" painted on them. Pro-Syrian Druze were believed to be behind it.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ Israel & the Palestinian territories, p. 271, Lonely Planet Israel, Michael Kohn, Lonely Planet, 2007, ISBN 1-86450-277-0, ISBN 978-1-86450-277-0, accessed December 18, 2009
  2. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC. December 10, 2009. 
  3. ^ Sandler, Neil, "AS ISRAELIS DEBATE THE FATE OF THE GOLAN...;...SKIERS AND INVESTORS FLOCK TO ITS SLOPES", August 8, 1994, accessed December 18, 2009
  4. ^ Gee, Robert W., "They're not heavenly, but the Holy Land has slopes," Austin American-Statesman, February 10, 2002, accessed December 18, 2009
  5. ^ "Ski resort back in business," Chicago Tribune, March 7, 1975, accessed December 18, 2009
  6. ^ Riley, Frank, "Skiing Biblical Bashan Near Israel's Historic Treasures," Los Angeles Times, January 4, 1981, accessed December 18, 2009
  7. ^ Kaplan, Janet, "Dive, rappel, cycle, plunge, snuba, soak, hike in Israel," Jweekly, September 10, 2009, accessed December 18, 2009
  8. ^ Rudge, David, "Mt. Hermon swamped by 11,000 visitors," Jerusalem Post, January 10, 2000, accessed December 18, 2009
  9. ^ "Hermon Ski Resort Hopes for Cooperative Management with Syrians," Israel Wire, January 20, 2000, accessed December 19, 2009
  10. ^ Israel handbook: with the Palestinian Authority areas, Footprint handbooks, Dave Winter, Footprint Travel Guides, 1999, ISBN 1-900949-48-2, ISBN 978-1-900949-48-4, accessed December 19, 2009
  11. ^ Murphy, R.; Gannon, D. (2008), "Changing The Landscape: Israel's Gross Violation of International Law in the occupied Syrian Golan", Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law (Cambridge University Press) 11: 139–174 , p. 151
  12. ^ Dar, Shimon (1993). Settlements and cult sites on Mount Hermon, Israel: Ituraean culture in the Hellenistic and Roman periods (Illustrated ed.). Tempus Reparatum. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-86054-756-3. 
  13. ^ David Rudge (1996-11-29). "Police probe series of arson attacks, Golan Druse suspected". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2013-04-04.