Neve Electronics

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Industry Professional audio design & engineering
Founded 1961
Key people Rupert Neve

Neve Electronics was a manufacturer of music recording and broadcast mixing consoles and hardware. It was originally founded as Neve Electronics in 1961 by Rupert Neve, the man credited with creating the modern mixing console.[1]

History[edit]

Neve VR-72 with Flying Faders
Neve VR-72 with Flying Faders
Neve VR-72 with Flying Faders
Neve VR-72 with Flying Faders

Company formation[edit]

Rupert Neve formed Neve Electronics in 1961.[2] The company specialised in producing professional audio equipment and mixing consoles. The products used high quality components and utilized Class-A circuit designs.[2] In 1964 the company moved to Cambridgeshire. It was in that year that Neve Electronics built one of the first transistor based mixing consoles for Philips Records Studios in London.[2] The company moved to a purpose built factory in Melbourn, near Cambridge where in 1968 they designed the 2254 compressor limiter for ABC Weekend Television in the UK.[2] It was also in 1968 that Neve Electronics began to distribute their products in North America.[2] Vanguard Records, of New York City, was the first American recording studio to take possession of the Neve console in October, 1968.

1970s[edit]

In 1970 Rupert Neve designed the 1073 module for the new A88 mixing console; this console was designed for Wessex Studios.[2] During the seventies Neve Electronics produced a whole series of mixing consoles for both broadcast and recording studios. In 1973 the 8048 console was produced; this included the newer 1081 microphone/line preamplifier and equaliser.[2] In the same year Rupert Neve sold Neve Electronics to the Bonochord Group. He continued working alongside Neve Electronics until 1975 when he left altogether.[3] In 1977 Neve Electronics began using digital technology with the introduction of their Necam system. Necam stood for Neve Computer Assisted Mixdown. The first Necam system was installed at Air Studios in London.[2] In 1979 the 8108 console was produced using both analog and digital technology. The console had assignable controls and memory mixing faders.[2]

Merger with AMS[edit]

In the eighties there were concerns about Neve Electronics' financial situation. This was partly due to their ambitious investment into research and development of projects such as the DSP console and the Necam system.[3] Another product that was included in the company's research and development programme was a digitally controlled routing system; very few of these were sold.[3] In 1985 Neve Electronics was acquired by the Siemens group;[2] then in 1992 the Siemens group combined Neve Electronics with another newly acquired company, Advanced Music Systems to form AMS Neve which is still in business today.[2]

Notable products[edit]

  • Neve 2028 Mixing Console, "one of four in the world",[4] "a 28-input, 16-bus, 24-monitor 8028 with 1085 EQs and no automation"[5]
  • Neve 8078 Mixing Console
  • Neve 2254 Compressor/Limiter
  • Neve 1084 Mic Preamplifier & Equaliser

Neve 1073 Console Module[edit]

The 1073 is a Class-A design microphone/line preamplifier with three equaliser bands.[6] The equaliser has a fixed 12kHz high frequency band and switchable low and mid range bands with cut and boost controls.[6] There is also a passive third-order (18dB/octave) high pass filter. Two switches were also fitted on the module's front panel for equaliser bypass and phase polarity.[6] The 1073 module was designed to be part of the 80 series Neve console. It was never intended for use as a stand alone module.[6] It is now regarded as a "desert island" preamp by many recording engineers, it has been used on a countless number of hit records over the past 30 years from Rock, Rap, Hip-hop, to Classical. The sound is described as very big, fat, and colored. The factor contributing to the larger than life sound is greatly attributed to the design of the transformer which seems to add subharmonics to the signal.[7] The Equalizer section of the 1073 is regarded as very "musical" and practical and has become the favorite choice of many engineers for tracking and mixing.

Neve 33609 Compressor Limiter[edit]

The 33609 is a 19” rack mounted compressor limiter produced by Neve Electronics for broadcast and recording purposes.[8] The unit can be linked for stereo and multi-channel operation. The compressor processes the audio signal before the output amplifier, meaning the output level can be raised after compression of the signal.[8] The controls include compression attack and recovery times. There is also a bypass control to switch the effect in or out of the circuit. Other configurations were available at the time of the product's release.[8] The Neve 33609 compressor limiter was recently re-designed by AMS Neve and labelled as the 33609JD stereo compressor.[9]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1961: Company based at Harlow.
  • 1964: Moved to the Priesthaus in Little Shelford.
  • 1966: The Neve Group of Companies formed 1 December 1966 to take over business run privately by Rupert Neve.
  • 1966: Consoles made for the TV Centre, Madrid.
  • 1969: First broadcast consoles for Associated British CorporationTV and Granada TV.
  • 1969: First consoles to the USA: Sound Studios, Van Nuys, CA and Vanguard studios in New York. First 16 track consoles.
  • 1970: First console to AIR Studios, first desk for BBC TV Lime Grove Studios, a standard 8008 24/8 costing £15,000.
  • 1970: Rupert Neve Incorporated (USA) formed April 1970.
  • 1970: Rupert Neve Canada formed (sales company) 10 September 1970
  • 1975: Rupert Neve leaves the company under contract to not produce a similar product for ten years (i.e. Focusrite 1985).
  • 1977: 8058 and 8068 Mark 1, 5312, 5315
  • 1978: Rupert Neve and Company Ltd becomes Neve Electronics International on April 1, 1978.
  • 1978: Neve digital design department formed.
  • 1985: Neve taken over by the FAF group Group of companies end 1985.
  • 1992: Company is amalgamated with AMS in Burnley with remaining staff either moving to Burnley or the London Sales Office. Company now called AMS Neve.
  • 2005: AMS Neve acquired by SAE Institute.
  • 2010: SAE sells its interests in AMS Neve back to Mark Crabtree.

References[edit]

  1. ^ AMS - Neve History 60s. Retrieved 16 March 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "AMS Neve Celebrates 45 years of Innovation, Growth and Technology Leadership". 5 October 2006. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c www.ibs.org.uk 2009.
  4. ^ Filbin, Patrick (9 April 2013). "Rock Docs: Sound City (2013)". Buzz Weekly (Champain-Urbana, Illinois). Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Scoppa, Bud (1 March 2009). "L.A. Grapevine, March 2009". Mix. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  Ruper Neve,
  6. ^ a b c d Mix Online. Retrieved 26 October 2009.
  7. ^ Fuston, Lynn (1 December 2004). "AMS-Neve 1073". Electronic Musician. NewBay Media. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c Dan Alexander Audio. Retrieved 2 November 2009.
  9. ^ AMS-Neve. Retrieved 2 November 2009.

External links[edit]