Nevel

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Nevel (English)
Невель (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Троицкая церковь в Невеле.JPG
The Trinity Church
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Nevel is located in Pskov Oblast
Nevel
Nevel
Location of Nevel in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°01′N 29°56′E / 56.017°N 29.933°E / 56.017; 29.933Coordinates: 56°01′N 29°56′E / 56.017°N 29.933°E / 56.017; 29.933
Coat of Arms of Nevel (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of June 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast
Administrative district Nevelsky District[1]
Administrative center of Nevelsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2010)
Municipal district Nevelsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Nevel Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Nevelsky Municipal District, Nevel Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 16,324 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Town status since 1773[5]
Nevel on WikiCommons
Nevel in 1870

Nevel (Russian: Не́вель) is a town and the administrative center of Nevelsky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on Lake Nevel 242 kilometers (150 mi) southeast of Pskov. Population: 16,324 (2010 Census);[3] 18,545 (2002 Census);[6] 22,472 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

Nevel was first mentioned in Ivan the Terrible's will among towns that had been founded during his reign. It is believed that Nevel was founded some time before 1580. It was ceded to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at the close of the Livonian War and was not returned to Russia until the First Partition of Poland in 1772, when it was included into newly established Pskov Governorate.[8] In 1773, Nevel was chartered and became the center of Nevesky Uyezd of Pskov Governorate. In 1777, it was transferred to Polotsk Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, and Nevel was transferred to Belarus Governorate; since 1802 to Vitebsk Governorate. After 1919, Vitebsk Governorate was a part of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.[9] In 1924, Vitebsk Governorate was abolished, and Nevel was transferred to Pskov Governorate.[5]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Nevelsky District was established, with the administrative center in Nevel. It included parts of former Nevelsky Uyezd. Pskov Governorate was abolished as well, and the district became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929, Nevelsky District was transferred to Western Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935, Western Oblast was abolished, and the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast, and on February 5 of the same year, Nevelsky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 4, 1938, the district was subordinated directly to the oblast. Between 16 July 1941 and 6 October 1943, Nevel was occupied by German troops. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957, Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished, and Nevelsky District was transferred to Pskov Oblast.[10]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Nevel has enterprises of food, textile, shoemaking, and timber industries.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Nevel is connected at the crossing of two railway lines. One connects Velikiye Luki with Polotsk, whereas another one connects Saint Petersburg via Dno and Novosokolniki with Vitebsk. South of Nevel both railways cross into Belarus.

There M20 highway connecting St. Petersburg and Kiev passes next to Nevel. Other main roads connect Nevel with Velikiye Luki, with Smolensk via Usvyaty and Velizh, with Polotsk, and with Verkhnyadzvinsk via Rossony. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Nevel contains three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[12] The monuments are the Trinity Church (built in the 1850s), the building of the Uyezd school, and the military cemetery from the World War II.

Nevel hosts the Nevel Museum of History, featuring the history of the town.[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 220 501», в ред. изменения №226/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 58 220 501, as amended by the Amendment #226/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c Law #420-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 293. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "История района" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 4 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "Область (местность)" (in Russian). Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  10. ^ Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  11. ^ "Промышленность" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Музей истории г. Невеля" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).