Nevelsk

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Not to be confused with Nevel (town).
Nevelsk (English)
Невельск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Sakhalin Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Sakhalin Oblast in Russia
Nevelsk is located in Sakhalin Oblast
Nevelsk
Nevelsk
Location of Nevelsk in Sakhalin Oblast
Coordinates: 46°39′N 141°52′E / 46.650°N 141.867°E / 46.650; 141.867Coordinates: 46°39′N 141°52′E / 46.650°N 141.867°E / 46.650; 141.867
Coat of Arms of Nevelsk (Sakhalin oblast).png
Flag of Nevelsk (Sakhalin oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Town Day Third Sunday of September[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast[1]
Administrative district Nevelsky District[1]
Administrative center of Nevelsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2012)
Urban okrug Nevelsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Nevelsky Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Vladimir Pak[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 11,682 inhabitants[3]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+11:00)[4]
Founded 1789[citation needed]
Town status since 1947[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 694740
Dialing code(s) +7 42436[citation needed]
Official website
Nevelsk on WikiCommons

Nevelsk (Russian: Невельск; Japanese: 本斗, Honto) is a port town and the administrative center of Nevelsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the southwest coast of the Sakhalin Island, 123 kilometers (76 mi) from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 11,682 (2010 Census);[3] 18,639 (2002 Census);[6] 24,236 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

The first Russian settlers founded a village on the present site of Nevelsk in 1789.[citation needed] The region was the site of a struggle for control between the Russians and Japanese. After the treaty of Shimoda officially transferred the southern Kuril Islands to Japan in 1855, the settlement was placed under joint Russian-Japanese administration under the name Honto.

Nevelsk before 1945

Honto reverted to complete Russian administration in 1875, as the Treaty of Saint Petersburg gave control of all the Kuril Islands to Japan, in exchange for complete Russian sovereignty over the island of Sakhalin. It then returned to Japanese rule in 1905, after the Treaty of Portsmouth ceded southern Sakhalin to Japan to end the Russo-Japanese War.

Sakhalin's first ice-free harbor was constructed here between 1916 and 1927, and the settlement developed as a center for the local fishing industry.

The end of World War II saw the Soviet Army retake the full island of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. The settlement was granted town status in 1947 under its present name, in honor of Admiral Gennady Nevelskoy.[citation needed]

The town was damaged by the 2007 Sakhalin earthquake, leaving about two thousand people homeless.[8]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nevelsk serves as the administrative center of Nevelsky District and is subordinated to it.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Nevelsk and ten rural localities of Nevelsky District are incorporated as Nevelsky Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

The town's economy relies largely on fishing and associated industries. Due to relatively warm ocean currents, the town is located in the mildest climatic zone on the island of Sakhalin, making possible agriculture in the surrounding region. There have been recent efforts to develop the area as a tourist area for marine animal viewing, diving and yachting.

Climate[edit]

Nevelsk has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with cold winters, warm summers and generally heavy precipitation from the Aleutian Low, whose winds hit the town direct from the Sea of Japan.

Climate data for Nevelsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2
(36)
6
(43)
11
(52)
15
(59)
22
(72)
25
(77)
28
(82)
27
(81)
24
(75)
20
(68)
13
(55)
10
(50)
28
(82)
Average high °C (°F) −7
(19)
−6
(21)
−2
(28)
3
(37)
8
(46)
12
(54)
17
(63)
18
(64)
15
(59)
9
(48)
1
(34)
−3
(27)
5.4
(41.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8
(18)
−8
(18)
−3
(27)
2
(36)
6
(43)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
13
(55)
7
(45)
−1
(30)
−5
(23)
3.8
(39.1)
Average low °C (°F) −10
(14)
−10
(14)
−5
(23)
0
(32)
4
(39)
8
(46)
13
(55)
15
(59)
12
(54)
5
(41)
−2
(28)
−7
(19)
1.9
(35.3)
Record low °C (°F) −22
(−8)
−26
(−15)
−22
(−8)
−7
(19)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
6
(43)
8
(46)
3
(37)
−3
(27)
−15
(5)
−16
(3)
−26
(−15)
Precipitation mm (inches) 89
(3.5)
59
(2.32)
58
(2.28)
62
(2.44)
68
(2.68)
59
(2.32)
92
(3.62)
103
(4.06)
111
(4.37)
102
(4.02)
102
(4.02)
102
(4.02)
1,007
(39.65)
Avg. precipitation days 26 22 20 17 15 15 15 16 15 17 21 26 225
Avg. rainy days 1 1 1 8 14 15 15 16 15 15 7 2 110
Avg. snowy days 25 22 20 10 3 0 0 0 0 3 16 25 124
Source #1: Weatherbase[9]
Source #2: Sakhalin-meteo.ru[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #25-ZO
  2. ^ a b c Law #524
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Tent camps set up for 2,000 left homeless by quake near Sakhalin Island - International Herald Tribune
  9. ^ "Weatherbase" (in English). Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Sakhalin-meteo" (in English). Retrieved May 27, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Сахалинская областная Дума. Закон №25-ЗО от 23 марта 2011 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Сахалинской области», в ред. Закона №62-ЗО от 27 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 10 Закона Сахалинской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Сахалинской области"». Вступил в силу 9 апреля 2011 г.. Опубликован: "Губернские ведомости", №55(3742), 29 марта 2011 г. (Sakhalin Oblast Duma. Law #25-ZO of March 23, 2011 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Sakhalin Oblast, as amended by the Law #62-ZO of June 27, 2013 On Amending Article 10 of the Law of Sakhalin Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Sakhalin Oblast". Effective as of April 9, 2011.).
  • Сахалинская областная Дума. Закон №524 от 21 июля 2004 г. «О границах и статусе муниципальных образований в Сахалинской области», в ред. Закона №45-ЗО от 27 мая 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Сахалинской области "О границах и статусе муниципальных образований в Сахалинской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Губернские ведомости", №175–176(2111–2112), 31 июля 2004 г. (Sakhalin Oblast Duma. Law #524 of July 21, 2004 On the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations in Sakhalin Oblast, as amended by the Law #45-ZO of May 27, 2013 On Amending the Law of Sakhalin Oblast "On the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations in Sakhalin Oblast". Effective as of January 1, 2005.).

External links[edit]

Panorama of Nevelsk