Nevelsky District, Pskov Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Nevelsky District.
Nevelsky District
Невельский район (Russian)
Location of Nevelsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Nevelsky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°01′N 29°56′E / 56.017°N 29.933°E / 56.017; 29.933Coordinates: 56°01′N 29°56′E / 56.017°N 29.933°E / 56.017; 29.933
Flag of Nevelsky rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2011)
Administrative center town of Nevel[2]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 489
Municipal structure (as of April 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Nevelsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 10
Statistics
Area 2,689.9 km2 (1,038.6 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 26,657 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 61.2%
- Rural 38.8%
Density 9.91/km2 (25.7/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Official website
Nevelsky District on WikiCommons

Nevelsky District (Russian: Не́вельский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast and borders with Novosokolnichesky District in the north, Velikoluksky District in the east, Usvyatsky District in the southeast, Haradok, Polatsk, and Rasony Districts of Vitebsk Oblast of Belarus in the south (forming part of the Belarus–Russia border), Sebezhsky District in the west, and with Pustoshkinsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,689.9 square kilometers (1,038.6 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Nevel.[2] Population: 26,657 (2010 Census);[4] 31,419 (2002 Census);[7] 38,951 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Nevel accounts for 61.2% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The village of Turichino

The territory of the district is split between the basins of the Lovat and Daugava Rivers. The upper course of the Lovat flows close to the boundaries of the district and the rivers in the eastern part of the district drain into the Lovat. The western part of the district lies in the basin of the Daugava (the Western Dvina). The main river of this basin inside the district is the Ushcha.

There are many lakes in the district, including Lake Nevel, on the shore of which the town of Nevel is located, Lake Bolshoy Ivan, Lake Usvoya, Lake Zaverezhye, and Lake Sennitsa.

History[edit]

Wooden houses in the village of Kovalikha

Nevel was founded in the 16th century and first mentioned in 1580. The region was changing hands multiple times between Russia and Poland; eventually it went to Poland and stayed there until Poland's First Partition in 1772, when it was included into newly established Pskov Governorate, a giant administrative unit comprising what is currently Pskov Oblast and a considerable part of Belarus.[9] In 1773, Nevel was chartered, and the territory was organized as Nevesky Uyezd of Pskov Governorate. In 1777, it was transferred to Polotsk Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished and the territory was transferred to Belarus Governorate; since 1802 to Vitebsk Governorate. After 1919, Vitebsk Governorate was a part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.[10] In 1924, Vitebsk Governorate was abolished and Nevelsky Uyezd was transferred to Pskov Governorate.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Nevelsky District was established, with the administrative center in the town of Nevel. It included parts of former Nevelsky Uyezd. Pskov Governorate was abolished as well, and the district became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929, Nevelsky District was transferred to Western Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935, the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast and on February 5 of the same year, Nevelsky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 4, 1938, the district was subordinated directly to the oblast. Between 1941 and 1944, Nevelsky District was occupied by German troops. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957, Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished and Nevelsky District was transferred to Pskov Oblast.[11]

On August 1, 1927, Porechyevsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Porechye was created on the territories which previously belonged to Nevelsky Uyezd. It was a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929, the district was transferred to Western Oblast and on September 20, 1930, Porechyevsky District was abolished and split between Velikoluksky, Nevelsky, and Usvyatsky Districts. On March 10, 1945, it was re-established as Porechensky District, a part of Velikiye Luki Oblast, from the territories belonging to Velikoluksky and Nevelsky Districts. On October 2, 1957, the district was transferred to Pskov Oblast. On March 23, 1959, Porechensky District was abolished and merged into Velikoluksky District.[11]

On December 10, 1928, Ust-Dolyssky District with the administrative center in the village of Ust-Dolyssy was created on the territories which previously belonged to Pustoshkinsky and Nevelsky Districts. It was a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929, the district was transferred to Western Oblast and on September 20, 1930, Ust-Dolyssky District was abolished and split between Nevelsky and Pustoshkinsky Districts. On February 5, 1952, it was re-established as a part of Velikiye Luki Oblast; on October 2, 1957, the district was transferred to Pskov Oblast. On March 23, 1959, Ust-Dolyssky District was abolished and split between Nevelsky and Pustoshkinsky Districts.[11]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The district has enterprises of food, textile, shoe-making, and timber industries.[12]

Agriculture[edit]

Eight large- and mid-size farms operate in the district, as well as a number of small-scale farms. The main agricultural specializations in Nevelsky District are meat and milk production, as well as crops growing.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Nevel is located at the crossing of two railway lines. One connects Velikiye Luki with Polotsk, whereas another one connects St. Petersburg via Dno and Novosokolniki with Vitebsk. South of Nevel both railways cross into Belarus.

The M20 Highway connecting St. Petersburg and Kiev crosses the district from north to south. Other main roads connect Nevel with Velikiye Luki, with Smolensk via Usvyaty and Velizh, with Polotsk, and with Verkhnyadzvinsk via Rossony. The whole stretch between Nevel and Velizh has been a toll road since 2002.[14] There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of federal significance and eighty-eight monuments of local significance.[15] The federal monuments are the wooden church of Saint Spirit in the village of Plissy, the church of John the Baptist in the former Mikhelson Estate, and five archeological sites.

Nevel hosts the Nevel Museum of History, featuring the history of the town.[16] It is the only state museum in the district.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  10. ^ Область (местность) (in Russian). Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved November 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  12. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  13. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  14. ^ Псковская обл. Платные дороги (in Russian). АСМАП. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  16. ^ Музей истории г. Невеля (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved October 5, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1478-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1478-OZ of December 29, 2014 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).