Never Gonna Give You Up

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"Never Gonna Give You Up"
Single by Rick Astley
from the album Whenever You Need Somebody
Released 3 August 1987
Format 7" single, 12" maxi
Recorded 31 March 1987
Genre Dance-pop[1]
Length 3:32
Label RCA Records
Writer(s) Mike Stock, Matt Aitken, Pete Waterman
Producer(s) Stock Aitken Waterman
Rick Astley singles chronology
"When You Gonna"
(with Lisa Carter)
(1987)
"Never Gonna Give You Up"
(1987)
"Learning To Live (Without Your Love)"
(with O'chi Brown)
(1987)
Music sample
Music video
"Never Gonna Give You Up" on YouTube

"Never Gonna Give You Up" is a 1987 song performed by British singer Rick Astley.[2] It was written and produced by Stock, Aitken & Waterman. The song was released as the first single from Astley's multi-million selling debut album, Whenever You Need Somebody. The song was a worldwide number-one hit, initially in the singer's native United Kingdom in 1987, where it stayed at number 1 for 5 weeks and was the best-selling single of that year. It eventually topped the charts in 25 countries, including the US and West Germany.[3]

The song won Best British Single at the 1988 Brit Awards. In 2004, it was voted #28 in 50 Most Awesomely Bad Songs ... Ever by VH1.

The music video for the song has become the basis for the "Rickrolling" Internet meme. In 2008, Rick Astley won the MTV EMA awards for "Best Act Ever" with the song "Never Gonna Give You Up", as a result of collective voting from thousands of people on the internet, due to the popular phenomenon of Rickrolling.

Music video[edit]

In the "Never Gonna Give You Up" music video, directed by Simon West,[4] produced by Andy Picheta and edited by Robert Bannochie, a smiling Astley sings and dances to the song in various outfits and venues in west London, sometimes accompanied by backup dancers. A bartender, played by Clive Clarke (who appeared prolifically in 1980s music videos, and was a member of Top of the Pops dance troupe Zoo) gradually shifts from casually noticing Astley's singing to being fully engrossed in the song with energetic acrobatic moves. The athletic exertion of many of the other dancers also becomes more intense over the course of Astley's performance.

Cover versions[edit]

The Rickrollerz[edit]

"Never Gonna Give You Up"
Single by The Rickrollerz
Released 11 April 2008
Writer(s) Stock Aitken Waterman
Producer(s) The Rickrollerz

A group of London dance producers, called The Rickrollerz made a house music cover version of "Never Gonna Give You Up"[10] The song was remixed on the same day and in the same studio where the original recording took place 20 years earlier. In May 2008, the track entered the UK Club Charts at number 22.

Track listings[edit]

7" single
  1. "Never Gonna Give You Up" — 3:33
  2. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (instrumental) — 3:30
12" maxi
  1. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Cake mix) — 5:46
  2. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (instrumental) — 6:19
  3. "Never Gonna Give You Up"– 3:33
  4. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Escape to New York mix) — 7:01
  5. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Escape from Newton mix) — 6:23
12" maxi
  1. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Cake mix) — 5:48
  2. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (instrumental) — 3:30
  3. "Never Gonna Give You Up" — 3:33
12" single
  1. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Escape from Newton mix) — 6:30
  2. "Never Gonna Give You Up" (Escape to New York mix) — 7:00

Personnel[edit]

  • Written and produced by Stock, Aitken & Waterman
  • Engineer : Mark McGuire, Mike Duffy
  • Mixed by :
    • Escape from Newton mix : Mixmaster Pete Hammond
    • Escape to New York mix : The Extra Beat Boys

Rickrolling[edit]

"Never Gonna Give You Up" is the subject of a popular Internet prank known as "rickrolling" involving misleading links (commonly shortened URLs) redirecting to the song's music video.[11] By May 2007, the practice had achieved notoriety on the Internet, and it increased in popularity after its use as a 2008 April Fool's Day joke by various media companies and websites, including YouTube rickrolling all of its featured videos on that day and a website allowing people to rickroll their friends' phones.[12]

In "a couple of weeks", about 13 million people had been rickrolled into watching Astley's video, the BBC reported on 1 April 2008. "I think it's just one of those odd things where something gets picked up and people run with it," Astley told the Los Angeles Times in late March 2008, adding: "That's what's brilliant about the Internet."[13][14]

Astley also appeared in the 2008 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade interrupting a song performed by those on a float promoting the Cartoon Network program Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends with a lipsynched performance of "Never Gonna Give You Up".

Despite the video garnering millions of hits on YouTube, Astley has earned almost no money from the meme, receiving only US$12 in royalties from YouTube for his performance share, as of August 2010.[15]

Charts and certifications[edit]

Successions[edit]

Preceded by
"I Just Can't Stop Loving You"
by Michael Jackson and Siedah Garrett
UK number one single
30 August 1987 – 27 September 1987
Succeeded by
"Pump Up the Volume" by M/A/R/R/S
Preceded by
"It's a Sin" by Pet Shop Boys
Swedish number-one single
30 September 1987 – 11 November 1987
Succeeded by
"Oh Mama" by Lili & Sussie
Preceded by
"Too Much Ain't Enough Love"
by Jimmy Barnes
Australian Music Report Singles Chart number-one single
30 November 1987 – 11 January 1988
Succeeded by
"Faith" by George Michael
Preceded by
"Brilliant Disguise" by Bruce Springsteen
Norwegian VG-Lista number-one single
Week 43, 1987
Succeeded by
"Voyage Voyage" by Desireless
Preceded by
"I'm Beggin' You" by Supertramp
Billboard Hot Dance Club Play number-one single
16 January 1988
Succeeded by
"What Have I Done to Deserve This?" by Pet Shop Boys and Dusty Springfield
Preceded by
"I Think We're Alone Now" by Tiffany
New Zealand RIANZ number-one single
5 February 1988
Succeeded by
"Pump Up the Volume" by M/A/R/R/S
Preceded by
"Father Figure" by George Michael
Billboard Hot 100 number one single
12 March 1988 – 19 March 1988
Succeeded by
"Man in the Mirror" by Michael Jackson
Preceded by
"She's Like the Wind" by Patrick Swayze featuring Wendy Fraser
Billboard Hot Adult Contemporary number-one single
12 March 1988 – 26 March 1988
Succeeded by
"Where Do Broken Hearts Go" by Whitney Houston
Preceded by
"Pump Up the Volume" by M/A/R/R/S
Canadian RPM Singles Chart number-one single
19 March 1988 – 2 April 1988
Succeeded by
"Get Outta My Dreams, Get into My Car" by Billy Ocean

References[edit]

  1. ^ "April Fools Gets A Rickrolling". Billboard. Retrieved 26 June 2013.  "British dance-pop sensation Rick Astley's "Never Gonna Give You Up" first appeared on Billboard's Hot 100 chart the week of 19 Dec. 1987 at No. 71, only to climb to the top spot shortly thereafter."
  2. ^ "Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up". Discogs. 1987. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Biography". Mike Stock Music. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Simon West - IMDb". IMDb. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "lescharts.com - 2 Be 3 - Toujours là pour toi". Lescharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Fiorello: discography - Estatica". Estatica.it. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Discogs album listing for Super Eurobeat 149". Discogs. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  8. ^ YOU GOT TAY ROLLED! "Never Gonna Give You Up" Karaoke By Tay Zonday. YouTube. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "The Greatest Songs Of The Eighties: Barry Manilow: Music". Amazon.com. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  10. ^ Fraser McAlpine (14 April 2008). "Please, Give Me Up, GIVE ME UP!". BBC. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  11. ^ An example of rickrolling. YouTube. 23 February 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  12. ^ "ComedyCalls.com - A website (www.comedycalls.com) allowing people to rickroll phone numbers". Comedycalls.com. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  13. ^ Mark Savage. "Rickrolling and the league of web fame". News.bbc.co.uk (BBC). Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Web Scout exclusive! Rick Astley, king of the 'Rickroll,' talks about his song's second coming". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. 25 March 2008. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  15. ^ Andrew Orlowski (31 August 2010). "German judge chides Google over YouTube freeloading". The Register. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  16. ^ David Kent (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970 - 1992. Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  17. ^ "Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Ultratop.be – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Never Gonna Give You Up - RICK ASTLEY". VRT (in Dutch). Top30-2.radio2.be. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  Hoogste notering in de top 30 : 1
  20. ^ "Top Singles - Volume 47, No. 22, March 19, 1988". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "Adult Contemporary - Volume 47, No. 24, April 02 1988". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  22. ^ a b Earl Blackwell (1990). Gale Research Inc., ed. Earl Blackwell's Celebrity Register, 1990. p. 16. ISBN 978-0810368750. 
  23. ^ "Lescharts.com – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  24. ^ "Rick Astley - Never Gonna Give You Up". Charts.de. Media Control. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  25. ^ "The Irish Charts - All there is to know". IRMA. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  1st result when searching "Never gonna give you up"
  26. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 1987". HitParadeItalia (in Italian). Creative Commons. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
    13. Never gonna give you up - Rick Astley [#3, 1987/88]
  27. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Rick Astley - Never Gonna Give You Up search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  28. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up" (in Dutch). Mega Single Top 100. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  29. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  30. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up". VG-lista. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  31. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website SA Charts 1969 - 1989 Acts (A)". Rock.co.za. John Samson. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  32. ^ Fernando Salaverri (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  33. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up". Singles Top 60. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  34. ^ "Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  35. ^ a b "Rick Astley". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  36. ^ a b c d "Rick Astley awards at Allmusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  37. ^ "Single top 100 over 1987" (PDF) (in Dutch). Top40. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  38. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1987". Swiss Singles Chart (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 August 2008. 
  39. ^ The Complete Book Of British Charts by Warwick/Kutner/Brown
  40. ^ "ARIA Charts - End Of Year Charts - Top 50 Singles 1988". Aria.com.au. ARIA - Australian Recording Industry Association Ltd. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  41. ^ "Billboard Top 100 - 1988". Billboard. The Longbored Surfer. Retrieved 15 September 2009. 
  42. ^ "Top adult contemporary singles of 1988". Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  43. ^ "Gold and Platinum Search". Canadian Singles Chart. Musiccanada.com. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  44. ^ French certifications - Chartsinfrance.net (Retrieved 2 September 2008)
  45. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank ('Never+Gonna+Give+You+Up')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  46. ^ Dutch certifications - nvpi.nl (Retrieved 9 December 2008)
  47. ^ "1987-1988". Swedish Singles Chart. Ifpi.se. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  48. ^ "Certified Awards". Bpi.co.uk. BPI. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  49. ^ "RIAA – Gold and Platinum – Never Gonna Give You Up". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 

External links[edit]