Neville Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
A view of Grand Avenue, Neville Island, Pennsylvania, on November 14, 2009.
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Neville Township, also known as Neville Island, is a township in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA. The entire township is located on Neville Island, which is an island on the Ohio River. The population was 1,084 at the 2010 census.
The island was formerly known as Montour's Island, named for the Native American interpreter Andrew Montour, who lived on the land in colonial times. Before the American Revolution, the island was claimed by both Pennsylvania and Virginia. Both states awarded a claim to the island to citizens of their states. The dispute found its way to the Supreme Court in Irvine v. Sims's Lessee (1799). Charles Simms won the case and gained possession of the island. It was eventually transferred to his partner in the lawsuit, General John Neville, for whom the island, and the township, is named. Neville lived on the island in his final years.
Island Sports Center
In 1998, the Hillman Company built the Island Sports Center on the western tip of Neville Island. Robert Morris University purchased the Island Sports Center in 2003. The sports center includes a 1,200-seat hockey rink, a golf range, a miniature golf course, athletic fields and a pro shop.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), of which, 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) of it (40.36%) is water. The island is nearly five miles long.
The Neville Island Bridge carries Interstate 79 and the Yellow Belt across the Ohio River and over Neville Island, west of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The island is approximately a 15-minute drive from Pittsburgh, depending on driving conditions and other such factors.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,232 people, 624 households, and 313 families residing in the township. The population density was 929.4 people per square mile (357.7/km²). There were 676 housing units at an average density of 510.0/sq mi (196.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.32% White, 1.22% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.32% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were largely irrelevant.
There were 624 households out of which 20.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.7% were non-families. 43.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.75.
In the township the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $30,625, and the median income for a family was $44,083. Males had a median income of $31,827 versus $26,838 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,630. About 4.6% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.
Island Sports Center, built in 1998, located at 7600 Grand Avenue.
The Neville Island Bridge, opened in 1976.
The Coraopolis-Neville Island Bridge, which opened in 1995, replaced the former Coraopolis Bridge.
The Fleming Park Bridge, built in 1955.
The PC&Y Railroad Bridge, built in 1894.
The Becky Thatcher docked on Neville Island on October 17, 2009.
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