Nevus sebaceous

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Nevus sebaceus
Classification and external resources
SkinTumors-P6260391.JPG
ICD-O: M8410/0, M8410/3
Nevus sebaceous on the scalp

Nevus sebaceus or sebaceous nevus (the first term is its Latin name, the 2nd term is its name in English; also known as an "Organoid nevus"[1]:661 and "Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn"[2]:773) is a congenital, hairless plaque that typically occurs on the face or scalp.[3] Such nevi are present at birth, affecting males and females of all races equally.[4] The condition is named for an overgrowth of sebaceous glands in the area of the nevus.

Skin growths such as benign tumors and basal cell carcinoma can arise in sebaceous nevi, usually in adulthood. Rarely, sebaceous nevi can give rise to sebaceous carcinoma.[5] However, the rate of such malignancies is now known to be less than was previously estimated. For this reason, excision is no longer automatically recommended.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed.). Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0.
  2. ^ Freedberg, et al. (2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-138076-0.
  3. ^ Kovich O, Hale E (2005). "Nevus sebaceus". Dermatology Online Journal 11 (4): 16. PMID 16403388. 
  4. ^ Teng, Joyce M.C. Nevus sebaceous, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority, last updated 16 November 2007.
  5. ^ Izumi M, Tang X, Chiu CS, et al. (November 2008). "Ten cases of sebaceous carcinoma arising in nevus sebaceus". J. Dermatol. 35 (11): 704–11. doi:10.1111/j.1346-8138.2008.00550.x. PMID 19120764. 
  6. ^ Santibanez-Gallerani A, Marshall D, Duarte AM, Melnick SJ, Thaller S (September 2003). "Should nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn in children be excised? A study of 757 cases, and literature review". J. Craniofac. Surg. 14 (5): 658–60. doi:10.1097/00001665-200309000-00010. PMID 14501324.