New Age Gaian
Gaianism is an inclusive philosophy with various religious expressions. It is rooted in a belief in humanity's intrinsic connection with the Earth, also known as Gaia. Gaia was originally a primal Greek titan, symbolizing the Earth; all titans, gods, and monsters of Greek mythology originated from her and Ouranos, the primal sky titan (both were birthed from Chaos).
Gaia, a name derived from ancient Greek polytheism, offers a modern Earth-centered and mostly pantheist spirituality based on a belief that the Earth as a superorganism has passed through billions of years of evolution. The emergence of this Earth-centered philosophy stems out of the accepted Gaia theory which interprets the science behind the Earth as an ancient, living and self-regulating system within systems.
The beliefs of Gaianism may be summarized as follows:
1. Honor the Earth, often referred to as Gaia (sometimes spelled "Gaea"). Gaia is a historically-rooted name which, in its modern context, represents the interdependent "web of life" that includes all physical forms of existence, from bacteria to humans. Sometimes this is expanded to include stars and other planets, or the universe itself.
2. Endeavor to soften or reduce the human impact on Gaia. This means being mindful of one's actions and moderating one's use of natural resources. Environmentalism and environmental education is strongly encouraged.
3. Be respectful of life in all its forms, including animal and plant life.
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