New Athos Cave Railway

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New Athos Cave Railway
Novo afon metro.JPG
New Athos Subway train at Anakopea station platform
Type Metro
Locale Georgia (country) New Athos
(Abkhazia,[1] Georgia)
Termini Entrance Gate
Hall Anakopea
Stations 3[2]
Opening 4 July 1975
Owner New Athos Cave
Rolling stock 3 trains
Line length 1.291 km (0.802 mi)[2]
No. of tracks Single track
Track gauge 914 mm (3 ft)[2]
Electrification 300 V DC[2]
Operating speed 30 km/h (19 mph)[2]
Map showing the Cave Railway and the two national railway stations within the town: New Athos and Psyrtscha
New Athos Cave Rilway (OpenStreetMap).png

New Athos Cave Railway (Abkhaz: Афон Ҿыц аҳаҧытә метро; Georgian: ახალი ათონის საგამოქვაბულო რკინიგზა; Russian: Новоафонская пещерная железная дорога), also knowns as New Athos Subway, is an underground electric railroad serving the New Athos Cave, in the town of New Athos, Georgia (Abkhazia).[1]


It was opened in 1975, has a length of 1.3 kilometres (0.81 mi) and counts 3 stations. The train "Turist" was built at RVR wagon plant (Riga) and has six wagons five of which are usable by passengers (90 passengers overall). It uses 914 mm (3 ft) gauge. There are two trains of which only one is currently in use and was reconstructed in 2005 in Moscow.


The line is a single track and electrified narrow gauge railway. It starts at the entrance of the caves, nearby Psyrtscha station of the Abkhazian railway. From the "Entrance Gate" station, it reaches two cave halls: "Apsny Hall" (or Abkhazia) and "Anakopea Hall". Apsny station serves to lead the tourists at the beginnings of the show cave, and Anakopea to bring them back to the entrance gate, at the end of the tour. The line counts a depot just before Entrance station, and a service tunnel between it and Apsny.[2]

Station Russian name km Notes
Entrance Gate Входные Ворота
(Vkhodnye Vorota)
Traintransportation.svg Link to Abkhazian railway at the nearby station of Psyrtscha
43°05′26″N 40°48′36″E / 43.09065°N 40.810008°E / 43.09065; 40.810008
Hall Apsny (Abkhazia) Зал Апсны
(Zal Apsny)
43°05′59″N 40°48′40″E / 43.09959°N 40.81114°E / 43.09959; 40.81114
Hall Anakopea Зал Анакопия
(Zal Anakopiya)
43°06′07″N 40°48′41″E / 43.10184°N 40.81129°E / 43.10184; 40.81129


A train at "Entrance" station 
View of "Anakopea" station 
Train interior, 2006 

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
  2. ^ a b c d e f New Athos Cave Railway at

External links[edit]