New Bilibid Prison

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New Bilibid Prison
NBPtoday.jpg
Façade of the current New Bilid Prison.
Location Muntinlupa City, Philippines
Status Operational
Security class Maximum security[1]
Capacity 8,700[2]
Opened 1940
Managed by Bureau of Corrections
Old Bilibid Prison c. 1900

The New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa, Philippines, is the main insular penitentiary designed to house the prison population of the Philippines.[1] It is maintained by the Bureau of Corrections (BuCor) under the Department of Justice. As of October 2004, it has an inmate population of 16,747.[3] The penitentiary had an initial land area of 551 hectares. One hundred four hectares of the facility were transferred to a housing project of the Department of Justice.[3] The Bureau of Corrections has its headquarters in the NBP Reservation.[4]

History[edit]

The Old Bilibid Prison, then known as Carcel y Presidio Correccional[1] (Spanish, "Correctional Jail and Military Prison") occupied a rectangular piece of land which was part of the Mayhalique Estate in the heart of Manila. The old prison was established by the Spanish colonial government on 25 June 1865 via royal decree.[3] It is divided into two sections: the Carcel, which could accommodate 600 inmates; and the Presidio, which could hold 527 prisoners.

Due to increasing crime, the Philippine Government enacted Commonwealth Act No. 67[1] and a new prison was built in Muntinlupa on 551 hectares[3] of land at an area considered at that time to be "remote". Construction began in 1936 with a budget of one million pesos.[1] In 1940, the prisoners, equipment and facilities were transferred to the new prison. The remnants of the old facility was used by the City of Manila as its detention center then known as Manila City Jail. In 1941, the new facility was officially named "The New Bilibid Prison".

On June 5, 2014, Department of Justice Undersecretary Francisco Baraan III, supervising official on the Bureau of Corrections and the NBP said that the National Penitentiary will be moved to Barangay San Isidro in Laur, Nueva Ecija. [5][6]

Recreation and facilities[edit]

The prisoners pass the time in the basketball court in the penitentiary's gymnasium and are also engaged in the production of handicrafts. Various religious denominations are active in the prison, with masses said daily in the prison's Catholic chapel. These religious groups, such as the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Amazing Grace Christian ministries, Philippine Jesuit Prison Service and Caritas Manila, also extend medical services to prisoners.[7]

Educational facilities inside the compound provide elementary education, high school education, vocational training and adult literacy programs. It also provides a Bachelor's Degree in Commerce.[7] The New Bilibid Prison also houses a talipapa (market) where the prisoners can buy commodities.[8]

Katarungan Village[edit]

On 5 September 1991, President Corazon C. Aquino issued Presidential Proclamation No. 792, which was amended by Presidential Proclamation No. 120 on 15 December 1992, to the effect that 104.22 hectares of land be developed into housing for employees of the Department of Justice and other government agencies. This housing project is known as the Katarungan ("Justice") Village.[9]

Notable inmates[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Corrections in the Philippines". Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-05-24. [broken citation]
  2. ^ "Factsheets:Correctional Institution for Women, Most Overcrowded National Prison". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  3. ^ a b c d "DID YOU KNOW: New Bilibid Prisons". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2007-06-26. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  4. ^ "About the Bureau of Corrections." Bureau of Corrections. Retrieved on October 2, 2010. "Bureau of Corrections NBP Reservation Muntinlupa City, Philippines."
  5. ^ http://www.philstar.com/metro/2014/06/06/1331568/doj-transfer-bilibid-nueva-ecija
  6. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1370&dat=19971213&id=LA8iAAAAIBAJ&sjid=9QoEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6491,1273601
  7. ^ a b Liwag, Ramon J. "Community Involvement in the Rehabilitation and Treatment of Offenders". United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. mabaho ang mga guard dito(UNAFEI). Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  8. ^ Hicap, Jonathan M. (2007-10-01). "New Bilibid to be like alien planet to Erap". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on 2007-12-11. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  9. ^ "Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council". Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  10. ^ Caruncho, Eric S. (2007-11-18). "The blood of a poet". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  11. ^ Seno, Alexandra A. (1996). A Wedding Behind Bars. The Asiaweek Website, retrieved July 29, 2010
  12. ^ Vanzi, Sol Jose (1998-04-08) Robin Padilla Is Free. The Newsflash Website, retrieved July 29, 2010
  13. ^ Pangalangan, Raul (2007-08-03). "PASSION FOR REASON: Jovito Salonga as Magsaysay laureate". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  14. ^ "Claudio Teehankee Court Decision". Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  15. ^ Hicap, Jonathan M. (2005-01-17). "Hubert’s main defense: ‘I was in California’". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on 2008-04-02. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  16. ^ http://www.gmanews.tv/story/208277/sc-acquits-hubert-webb-6-others-in-vizconde-massacre
  17. ^ Guy, George F. "The Defense of General Yamashita". Archived from the original on 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 

Coordinates: 14°22′53.89″N 121°01′46.05″E / 14.3816361°N 121.0294583°E / 14.3816361; 121.0294583