New Brunswick, New Jersey

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New Brunswick, New Jersey
City
City of New Brunswick
New Brunswick NJ Skyline at Sunset.jpg
Nickname(s): Hub City, The Healthcare City
Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of New Brunswick, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of New Brunswick, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°29′12″N 74°26′40″W / 40.486678°N 74.444414°W / 40.486678; -74.444414Coordinates: 40°29′12″N 74°26′40″W / 40.486678°N 74.444414°W / 40.486678; -74.444414[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Middlesex
Established December 30, 1730
Incorporated September 1, 1784
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor James M. Cahill (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Thomas A. Loughlin, III[4]
 • Clerk Daniel A. Torrisi[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 5.789 sq mi (14.995 km2)
 • Land 5.227 sq mi (13.539 km2)
 • Water 0.562 sq mi (1.456 km2)  9.71%
Area rank 264th of 566 in state
14th of 25 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 55,181
 • Estimate (2012[11]) 56,160
 • Rank 27th of 566 in state
5th of 25 in county[12]
 • Density 10,556.4/sq mi (4,075.8/km2)
 • Density rank 34th of 566 in state
2nd of 25 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08901-08906, 08933, 08989[13][14]
Area code(s) 732/848
FIPS code 3402351210[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885318[17][2]
Website www.cityofnewbrunswick.org

New Brunswick is a city in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. It is the county seat of Middlesex,[18][19] and the home of Rutgers University. The city is located on the Northeast Corridor rail line, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Manhattan, on the southern bank of the Raritan River. At the 2010 United States Census, the population of New Brunswick was 55,181,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 6,608 (+13.6%) from the 48,573 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,862 (+16.5%) from the 41,711 counted in the 1990 Census.[20] Due to the concentration of medical facilities in the area, including Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and Saint Peter's University Hospital, as well as Rutgers University's Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick is known as "the Healthcare City",[21][22] The corporate headquarters and production facilities of several global pharmaceutical companies are situated in the city, including Johnson & Johnson and Bristol-Myers Squibb.

New Brunswick was formed by Royal charter on December 30, 1730, within other townships in Middlesex County and Somerset County and was reformed by Royal charter with the same boundaries on February 12, 1763, at which time it was divided into north and south wards. New Brunswick was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 1, 1784.[23]

New Brunswick is noted for its ethnic diversity. At one time, one quarter of the Hungarian population of New Jersey resided in the city and in the 1930s one out of three city residents were Hungarian.[24] The Hungarian community continues to exist, alongside a growing Hispanic community that has developed around French Street near Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital.

History[edit]

Origins of the name[edit]

Originally inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans, the first European settlement at the site of New Brunswick was made in 1681. The settlement here was first called Prigmore's Swamp (1681–1697), then known as Inian's Ferry (1691–1714).[25] In 1714, the settlement was given the name New Brunswick after the city of Braunschweig (called Brunswick in the Low German language), in state of Lower Saxony, in Germany. Braunschweig was an influential and powerful city in the Hanseatic League, later in the Holy Roman Empire, and was an administrative seat for the Duchy (and later Principality) of Hanover. Shortly after the first settlement of New Brunswick in colonial New Jersey, George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Elector of Hanover, of the House of Hanover (also known as the House of Brunswick), became King George I of Great Britain (1660–1727).

During the Colonial and Early American periods[edit]

Early nineteenth century drawing of Old Queen's

Centrally located between New York City and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania along an early thoroughfare known as the King's Highway and situated along the Raritan River, New Brunswick became an important hub for Colonial travelers and traders. New Brunswick was incorporated as a town in 1736 and chartered as a city in 1784.[23] It was occupied by the British in the winter of 1776–1777 during the Revolutionary War.[26]

The Declaration of Independence received one of its first public readings, by Col. John Neilson, in New Brunswick on July 9, 1776, in the days following its promulgation by the Continental Congress.[27][28][29]

The Trustees of Queen's College (now Rutgers University), founded in 1766, voted to locate the young college in New Brunswick, selecting the city over Hackensack, in Bergen County, New Jersey. Classes began in 1771 with one instructor, one sophomore, Matthew Leydt, and several freshmen at a tavern called "The Sign of the Red Lion" on the corner of Albany and Neilson Streets (now the grounds of the Johnson & Johnson corporate headquarters). Classes were held through the American Revolution in various taverns and boarding houses, and at a building known as College Hall on George Street, until Old Queens was erected in 1808. It remains the oldest building on the Rutgers University campus.[30] The Queen's College Grammar School (now Rutgers Preparatory School) was established also in 1766, and shared facilities with the College until 1830, when it located in a building (now known as Alexander Johnston Hall) across College Avenue from Old Queens.[31] After Rutgers University became the state university of New Jersey in 1956, the Trustees of Rutgers divested itself of the Rutgers Preparatory School, which relocated in 1957 to an estate purchased from the Colgate-Palmolive Company in Franklin Township in neighboring Somerset County.[32]

The New Brunswick Theological Seminary, founded in 1784 in New York, moved to New Brunswick in 1810, sharing its quarters with the fledgling Queen's College (Queens would close from 1810 to 1825 due to financial problems, and reopen in 1825 under the name Rutgers College).[33] The Seminary, due to overcrowding and differences over the mission of Rutgers College as a secular institution, moved to tract of land covering 7 acres (2.8 ha) located less than one-half mile (800 m) west, which it still occupies, although the land is now in the middle of Rutgers University's College Avenue campus.

Hungarian community[edit]

The Committee of Hungarian Churches and Organizations of New Brunswick commemorating the anniversary of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.

New Brunswick began attracting a Hungarian immigrant population around the turn of the 20th century. Hungarians were primarily attracted to the city by employment at Johnson & Johnson factories located in the city. Hungarians settled mainly in what today is the fifth ward.

The immigrant population grew until the end of the early century immigration boom. During the Cold War, the community was revitalized by the decision to house refugees from the failed 1956 Hungarian Revolution at Camp Kilmer, in nearby Edison. Even though the Hungarian population has been largely supplanted by newer immigrants, there continues to be a Hungarian Festival in the city held on Somerset Street on the first Saturday of June each year. Many Hungarian institutions set up by the community remain and active in the neighborhood, including: Magyar Reformed Church, Ascension Lutheran Church (Elso Magyar Evangélikus Egyhaz) St. Ladislaus Roman Catholic Church, St. Joseph Byzantine Catholic Church, Hungarian American Athletic Club, Aprokfalva Montessori Preschool (Aprokfalva Mindennapos Magyar Óvoda),Széchenyi Hungarian Community School & Kindergarten (Széchenyi Magyar Iskola és Óvoda), Teleki Pál Scout Home, Hungarian American Foundation, Vers Hangja, Hungarian Poetry Group, Bolyai Lecture Series on Arts and Sciences (Bolyai Kör),Hungarian Alumni Association (Magyar Öregdiák Szövetség - Bessenyei György Kör), Hungarian Radio Program, Hungarian Civic Association, Committee of Hungarian Churches and Organizations of New Brunswick, Csűrdöngölő Folk Dance Ensemble.

Several landmarks in the city also testify to its Hungarian heritage. There is a street and a recreation park named after Lajos Kossuth, the famous leader of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. The corner of Somerset Street and Plum Street is named Mindszenty Square where the first ever statue of Cardinal Joseph Mindszenty was erected. A stone memorial to the victims of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution also stands nearby.

Latino community[edit]

About 50% of New Brunswick's population is self-identified as Hispanic, the 14th highest percentage among municipalities in New Jersey.[8][34] Since the 1960s, many of the new residents of New Brunswick have come from Latin America. Many citizens moved from Puerto Rico in the 1970s. In the 1980s, many immigrated from the Dominican Republic, and still later from Guatemala, Honduras, Ecuador and Mexico.

Demolition, revitalization and redevelopment[edit]

Gateway Project under construction

New Brunswick contains a number of examples of urban renewal in the United States. In the 1960s-1970s, the downtown area became blighted as middle class residents moved to newer suburbs surrounding the city, an example of the phenomenon known as "white flight". Beginning in 1975, Rutgers University, Johnson & Johnson, and the local government collaborated through the New Jersey Economic Development Authority to form the New Brunswick Development Company (DevCo), with the goal of revitalizing the city center and redeveloping neighborhoods considered to be blighted and dangerous (via demolition of existing buildings and construction of new ones)[35] Johnson & Johnson decided to remain in New Brunswick and built a new World Headquarters building in the area between Albany Street, Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, Route 18, and George Street, requiring many old buildings and historic roads to be removed. The Hiram Market area, a historic district which by the 1970s had become a mostly Puerto Rican and Dominican-American neighborhood, was demolished to build a Hyatt hotel and conference center, and upscale housing.[36] Johnson & Johnson guaranteed Hyatt Hotels' investment as they were wary of building an upscale hotel in a run-down area.

The redevelopment process has been controversial. Devco, the hospitals, and the city government continue to draw ire from both historic preservationists, those opposing gentrification,[37] and those concerned with eminent domain abuses, and tax abatements for developers.[38]

New Brunswick is one of nine cities in New Jersey designated as eligible for Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits by the state's Economic Development Authority. Developers who invest a minimum of $50 million within 0.5 miles of a train station are eligible for pro-rated tax credit.[39][40] The Gateway tower, a 22-story redevelopment project next to the train station, was completed in 2012. The structure consists of apartments and condominiums (named "The Vue"), built above a muti-story parking structure with a bridge connecting it to the station.[41] Boraie Development, a real estate development firm based in New Brunswick, has developed projects using the incentive.

Geography[edit]

New Brunswick is located at 40°29′12″N 74°26′40″W / 40.486678°N 74.444414°W / 40.486678; -74.444414 (40.486678,-74.444414). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 5.789 square miles (14.995 km2), of which, 5.227 square miles (13.539 km2) of it is land and 0.562 square miles (1.456 km2) of it (9.71%) is water.[1][2] New Brunswick is in Raritan Valley (a line of cities in central New Jersey). New Brunswick is on the south side of Raritan Valley along with Piscataway, Highland Park, Edison and Franklin Township (Somerset County). New Brunswick is approximately 40 minutes southwest of New York City and 45 minutes northeast of Philadelphia.

New Brunswick is bordered by Piscataway Township, Highland Park, and Edison Township across the Raritan River to the north by way of the Donald and Morris Goodkind Bridges, and also by North Brunswick Township to the southwest, East Brunswick Township to the southeast, and Franklin Township in Somerset County.

Climate[edit]

New Brunswick has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) typical to New Jersey, characterized by humid, warm summers and cold winters with moderate to considerable rainfall throughout the year.

Climate data for New Brunswick, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39
(4)
43
(6)
51
(11)
62
(17)
72
(22)
81
(27)
86
(30)
84
(29)
77
(25)
66
(19)
55
(13)
44
(7)
63.3
(17.5)
Average low °F (°C) 21.7
(−5.7)
23.6
(−4.7)
30.8
(−0.7)
40.0
(4.4)
49.5
(9.7)
59.4
(15.2)
64.5
(18.1)
63.1
(17.3)
55.1
(12.8)
43.0
(6.1)
35.3
(1.8)
26.7
(−2.9)
42.73
(5.95)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.62
(91.9)
2.98
(75.7)
4.18
(106.2)
4.23
(107.4)
4.19
(106.4)
4.41
(112)
5.08
(129)
4.15
(105.4)
4.51
(114.6)
3.80
(96.5)
3.83
(97.3)
4.06
(103.1)
49.04
(1,245.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 8
(20)
9
(23)
4
(10)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(3)
5
(13)
28
(71)
Avg. precipitation days 10.7 9.2 10.5 11.8 12.2 11.2 10.4 9.3 8.7 8.9 9.5 9.8 122.2
Avg. snowy days 4.8 3.8 2.3 .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 2.2 13.8
Source: NOAA[42]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,866
1850 10,019 70.8%
1860 11,256 12.3%
1870 15,058 33.8%
1880 17,166 14.0%
1890 18,603 8.4%
1900 20,005 7.5%
1910 23,388 16.9%
1920 32,779 40.2%
1930 34,555 5.4%
1940 33,180 −4.0%
1950 38,811 17.0%
1960 40,139 3.4%
1970 41,885 4.3%
1980 41,442 −1.1%
1990 41,711 0.6%
2000 48,573 16.5%
2010 55,181 13.6%
Est. 2012 56,160 [11] 1.8%
Population sources:
1860–1920[43] 1840–1890[44]
1850–1870[45] 1850[46]
1870[47] 1880–1890[48]
1890–1910[49] 1860–1930[50]
1930–1990[51] 2000[52][53] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,181 people, 14,119 households, and 7,751 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,556.4 per square mile (4,075.8 /km2). There were 15,053 housing units at an average density of 2,879.7 per square mile (1,111.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 45.43% (25,071) White, 16.04% (8,852) Black or African American, 0.90% (498) Native American, 7.60% (4,195) Asian, 0.03% (19) Pacific Islander, 25.59% (14,122) from other races, and 4.39% (2,424) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 49.93% (27,553) of the population.[8]

There were 14,119 households, of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.91.[8]

In the city, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 33.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 12.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.3 years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.3 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,543 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,356) and the median family income was $44,455 (+/- $3,526). Males had a median income of $31,313 (+/- $1,265) versus $28,858 (+/- $1,771) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,395 (+/- $979). About 15.5% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.[54]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 48,573 people, 13,057 households, and 7,207 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,293.5 per square mile (3,585.9/km2). There were 13,893 housing units at an average density of 2,658.1 per square mile (1,025.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.79% White, 23.03% African American, 0.46% Native American, 5.32% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 18.08% from other races, and 4.24% from two or more races. 39.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[52][53]

There were 13,057 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.69.[52][53]

20.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 34.0% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 11.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.[52][53]

The median household income in the city was $36,080, and the median income for a family was $38,222. Males had a median income of $25,657 versus $23,604 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,308. 27.0% of the population and 16.9% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 25.9% were under the age of 18 and 13.8% were 65 or older.[52][53]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The City of New Brunswick is governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government. As the legislative body of New Brunswick's municipal government, the City Council is responsible for approving the annual budget, ordinances and resolutions, contracts, and appointments to boards and commissions. The City Council has five members elected at large to staggered four-year terms of office in partisan elections, with either two or three seats coming up for election in even years. The Council President, elected to a two-year term by the Council, presides over all meetings.[6]

As of 2013, James Cahill is the 62nd Mayor of New Brunswick; He was sworn in as Mayor on January 1, 1991 and is serving a term that expires on December 31, 2014.[55] Members of the City Council are Council President Rebecca Escobar (D, 2014), Council Vice President Kevin Egan (D, 2014), John Andersen (D, 2016), Glenn J. Fleming, Sr. (D, 2016) and Elizabeth Sheehan Garlatti (D, 2016).[56][57][58]

Police department[edit]

The New Brunswick police department has received attention for various incidents over the years. In 1991, the fatal shooting of Shaun Potts, an unarmed black resident, by Sergeant Zane Grey led to multiple local protests.[59] In 1996, Officer James Consalvo fatally shot Carolyn "Sissy" Adams, an unarmed prostitute who had bit him.[60] The Adams case sparked calls for reform in the New Brunswick police department, and ultimately was settled with the family.[61] Two officers, SGT. Marco Chinchilla and Det. James Marshall, were convicted of running a bordello in 2001. Chinchilla was sentenced to three years and Marshall was sentenced to four.[62] In 2011, Officer Brad Berdel fatally shot Barry Deloatch, a black man who had run from police (although police claim he struck officers with a stick);[63] this sparked daily protests from residents.[64]

Following the Deloatch shooting, sergeant Richard Rowe was formally charged with mishandling 81 Internal Affairs investigations; Mayor Cahill explained that this would help "rebuild the public's trust and confidence in local law enforcement."[65]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

New Brunswick is located in the 6th Congressional District[66] and is part of New Jersey's 17th state legislative district.[9][67][68]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[69] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[70][71] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[72][73]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 17th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Bob Smith (D, Piscataway) and in the General Assembly by Upendra J. Chivukula (D, Franklin Township) and Joseph V. Egan (D, New Brunswick)[74][75] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[76] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[77]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2014, Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (Ex-officio on all committees - D, term ends December 31, 2015; Carteret),[78] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (County Administration - D, 2014; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township),[79] Kenneth Armwood (Business Development and Education - D, 2016; Piscataway),[80] Charles Kenny (Finance - D, 2016; Woodbridge Township),[81] H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health - D, 2015; Highland Park),[82] Charles E. Tomaro (Infrastructure Management - D, 2014; Edison)[83] and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services - D, 2016; New Brunswick).[84][85][86][87][88] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D; Old Bridge Township),[89] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016; Piscataway)[90] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[85][91]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 22,742 registered voters in New Brunswick, of which 8,732 (38.4%) were registered as Democrats, 882 (3.9%) were registered as Republicans and 13,103 (57.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties.[92]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.3% of the vote here (10,717 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 14.8% (1,899 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (140 votes), among the 12,873 ballots cast by the township's 23,533 registered voters, for a turnout of 54.7%.[93] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 78.2% of the vote here (8,023 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 19.7% (2,018 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (143 votes), among the 10,263 ballots cast by the township's 20,734 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 49.5.[94]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 68.2% of the vote here (4,281 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 20.9% (1,314 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.2% (387 votes) and other candidates with 2.0% (128 votes), among the 6,273 ballots cast by the township's 22,534 registered voters, yielding a 27.8% turnout.[95]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The New Brunswick Public Schools serve students in kindergarten to twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,[96] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[97][98] New Brunswick's Board of Education members are appointed by the city's mayor.

Schools in the district (with 2010–11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[99]) are Lincoln Elementary School[100] (grades PreK-8; 526 students), Livingston Elementary School[101] (K-8; 438), McKinley Community Elementary School[102] (PreK-5; 769), A. Chester Redshaw Elementary School[103] (PreK-8; 709), Paul Robeson Community Elementary School[104] (PreK-5; 509), Roosevelt Elementary School[105] (PreK-5; 803), Lord Stirling Elementary School[106] (PreK-5; 606), Woodrow Wilson Elementary School[107] (PreK-8; 405), New Brunswick Middle School[108] (6-8; 1,147), New Brunswick High School[109] (9-12; 1,509) and Health Sciences Technology High School[110] (9-12; 288).[111][112]

The community is also served by the Greater Brunswick Charter School, a K-8 charter school with an enrollment of about 250 children from New Brunswick, Highland Park, Edison and other area communities.[113]

Higher education[edit]

Commerce[edit]

Urban Enterprise Zone[edit]

Most of New Brunswick's retail businesses are within a designated Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[117]

Health care[edit]

City Hall has promoted the nickname "The Health Care City" to reflect the importance of the healthcare industry to its economy.[118] The city is home to the world headquarters of Johnson & Johnson, along with several medical teaching and research institutions including Saint Peter's University Hospital, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, the Cancer Institute of New Jersey, and The Bristol-Myers Squibb Children's Hospital.[119]

Transportation[edit]

Southbound platform of New Brunswick's NJ Transit train station. University Center at Easton Ave is in the background.
Panorama of New Brunswick Train Station track to New York City.

New Brunswick is served by New Jersey Transit and Amtrak trains on the Northeast Corridor Line. New Jersey Transit provides frequent service north to Pennsylvania Station, in Midtown Manhattan, and south to Trenton, while Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional trains service the station. The Jersey Avenue station is also served by Northeast Corridor trains. For other Amtrak connections, riders can take New Jersey Transit to Pennsylvania Station, Trenton, Metropark, or Newark Penn Station.

Local bus service is provided by NJ Transit's 810, 811, 814, 815, 818 routes and 980 route, the extensive Rutgers Campus bus network,[120] the MCAT/BrunsQuick shuttle system,[121] DASH buses,[122] and NYC bound Suburban Trails buses. Studies are being conducted to create the New Brunswick Bus Rapid Transit system.

New Brunswick was at the eastern terminus of the Delaware and Raritan Canal, of which there are remnants surviving or rebuilt along the river. Until 1936, the city was served by the interurban Newark–Trenton Fast Line.

New Brunswick Parking Authority manages 14 ground-level and multi-story parking facilities across the city.[123][124] CitiPark manages a downtown parking facility at 2 Albany Street.[125]

The city encompasses the intersection of U.S. Route 1 and Route 18, and is bisected by Route 27. New Brunswick hosts less than a mile of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95). A few turnpike ramps are in the city that lead to Exit 9 which is just outside the city limits in East Brunswick Township.

Other major roads that are nearby include the Garden State Parkway in Woodbridge Township and Interstate 287 in neighboring Edison, Piscataway and Franklin townships.

Culture[edit]

Theatre[edit]

Three neighboring professional venues, Crossroads Theatre designed by Parsons+Fernandez-Casteleiro Architects from New York. In 1999, the Crossroads Theatre won the prestigious Tony Award for Outstanding Regional Theatre. Crossroads is the first African American theater to receive this honor in the 33-year history of this special award category.[126] There is also George Street Playhouse, and the State Theatre, comprise the heart of the local theatre scene. The State Theatre is also home to the American Repertory Ballet and the Princeton Ballet School.. Rutgers University has a number of student companies that perform everything from cabaret acts to Shakespeare and musical productions.

Looking north from the corner of New and George Streets. The Heldrich Center is on the left

Museums[edit]

New Brunswick is the site of the Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers University, Albus Cavus, and the Rutgers University Geology Museum.[127]

Art[edit]

New Brunswick was an important centre for avant-garde art in the 1950s-70s with several artists such as Allan Kaprow, George Segal, George Brecht, Robert Whitman, Robert Watts, Lucas Samaras, Geoffrey Hendricks and Roy Lichtenstein; some of whom had taught at Rutgers University. This group of artists was sometimes referred to as the 'New Jersey School' or the 'New Brunswick School of Painting'. For more information, see Fluxus at Rutgers University.

Restaurants[edit]

New Brunswick has a diverse restaurant market including Nouvelle American, Italian, Middle Eastern, Mexican, Peruvian, Indian, Ethiopian, Thai and Chinese cuisine. Restaurants such as Steakhouse 85, Frog and the Peach, Delta's, Panico's, The Old Bay, Clydz, Tumulty's Pub, Makeda's, Stage Left, Old Man Rafferty's, and Brother Jimmy's BBQ serve the downtown area.

Grease trucks[edit]

The "Grease Trucks" at Rutgers University's College Avenue campus.

The "Grease Trucks" are a group of truck-based food vendors located on the College Avenue campus of Rutgers University. They are known for serving "Fat Sandwiches", a sub roll containing several ingredients such as steak, chicken fingers, French fries, falafel, cheeseburgers, mozzarella sticks, gyro meat, bacon, eggs and / or marinara sauce. In 2013 the grease trucks were removed for the construction of a new Rutgers building and were forced to move into various other areas of the Rutgers- New Brunswick Campus.[128]

Music[edit]

New Brunswick's bar scene has been the home to many original rock bands, including some which went on to national prominence such as The Smithereens and Bon Jovi, as well as a center for local punk rock and underground music. Many alternative rock bands got radio airplay thanks to Matt Pinfield who was part of the New Brunswick music scene for over 20 years at Rutgers University radio station WRSU. Local pubs and clubs hosted many local bands, including the Court Tavern[129] until 2012[130] (scheduled to reopen),[131] and the Melody Bar during the 1980s and 1990s.

Popular culture[edit]

  • On April 18, 1872, at New Brunswick, William Cameron Coup developed the system of loading circus equipment and animals on railroad cars from one end and through the train, rather than from the sides. This system would be adopted by other railroad circuses and used through the golden age of railroad circuses and even by the Ringling shows today.[citation needed]
  • The 1980s sitcom, Charles in Charge, was set in New Brunswick.[132]
  • The 2004 movie Harold and Kumar Go To White Castle revolves around Harold and Kumar's attempt to get to a White Castle restaurant and includes a stop in a fictionalized New Brunswick.[133]

Points of interest[edit]

The Heldrich in Downtown New Brunswick

Churches[edit]

  • Ascension Lutheran
  • Christ Church, Episcopal
  • First Baptist Church of New Brunswick, American Baptist
  • First Presbyterian, Presbyterian (PCUSA)
  • First Reformed Reformed (RCA)
  • Kirkpatrick Chapel at Rutgers University (nondenominational)
  • Magyar Reformed, Calvinist
  • Mount Zion AME (African Methodist Episcopal)
  • Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Ukrainian Catholic Church
  • Point Community Church
  • Saint Joseph, Byzantine Catholic
  • Saint Ladislaus, Roman Catholic
  • Abundant Life Family Worship
  • Saint Mary of Mount Virgin Church, Remsen Avenue and Sandford Street, Roman Catholic
  • Sacred Heart Church, Throop Avenue, Roman Catholic
  • Saint Peter the Apostle Church, Somerset Street, Roman Catholic
  • Second Reformed Church, Reformed (RCA)
  • Sharon Baptist Church
  • United Methodist Church at New Brunswick
  • Voorhees Chapel at Rutgers University (nondenominational)

Notable people[edit]

Phil Radford, environmental leader

Notable current and former residents of the City of New Brunswick include:

Sister cities[edit]

New Brunswick has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:[173][174]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]