New Brunswick Route 16

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Route 16 shield

Route 16
Route information
Maintained by New Brunswick Department of Transportation
Length: 52.0 km[1] (32.3 mi)
Existed: 1920s – present
Major junctions
West end: Aulac Rd in Aulac
  Route 15 in Port Elgin
East end: Confederation Bridge in Cape Jourimain
Highway system

Provincial highways in New Brunswick
Former routes

Route 15 Route 17

Route 16 is a 2-lane highway in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The 52 km (32 mi) route begins at a T intersection with Aulac Road at Aulac and ends at the western abutment of the Confederation Bridge at Cape Jourimain.

It functions as a secondary leg of the Trans-Canada Highway to connect Prince Edward Island with the mainline Trans-Canada Highway Route 2 in Aulac.

Route 16 is the last section of the Trans-Canada in New Brunswick that is not 4-lanes with no plans in the near future to be 4 lanes.

Route description[edit]

NB Route 16

Route 16 begins in Aulac at a T intersection with the Aulac Road; this road having been the original alignment of Route 2 until a 4-lane alignment opened in the early 1990s. Approximately 0.3 km (0.19 mi) east of Aulac Road, Route 16 interchanges with Route 2 in a cloverleaf interchange, one of only three grade-separated interchanges on the entire route.

Route 16 continues east from Aulac as an uncontrolled access 2-lane highway passing through the following communities in rural Westmorland County while paralleling the New Brunswick-Nova Scotia inter-provincial border: Point de Bute, Upper Point de Bute, Jolicure, Halls Hill, and Baie Verte Road.

Moose warning sign

The first major intersection on Route 16 east of Aulac is a T intersection with Main Street just west of the community of Baie Verte. Main Street is a former alignment of Route 16 and connects with Route 970 in the community of Baie Verte; this alignment was bypassed during a 7 km (4.3 mi) realignment of Route 16 around Baie Verte and Port Elgin in the 1960s.

Route 16 continues east on this bypass alignment through Coburg before entering Port Elgin where it interchanges directly with Route 970 and the eastern terminus of Route 15 in a roundabout interchange called the Port Elgin Rotary. The 1960s bypass reconnects with the original alignment of Route 16 at a T intersection with East Main Street on the east side of Port Elgin.

Route 16 continues east from Port Elgin as an uncontrolled access 2-lane highway passing through the following communities on the Cape Tormentine peninsula: Timber River (where it intersects Route 960), Hardy, Melrose, and Malden.

At Malden the highway intersects with Immigrant Road in a T intersection. Immigrant Road serves Bayfield and Cape Tormentine and is the original 6 km (3.7 mi) alignment of Route 16 from Malden to Cape Tormentine before the Confederation Bridge opened on May 31, 1997.

From Malden to the eastern terminus at the abutment of the Confederation Bridge in Cape Jourimain, Route 16 is a controlled access 2-lane highway running on a 7 km (4.3 mi) alignment that opened in 1997. It intersects Route 955 in a grade-separated diamond interchange approximately 1.5 km (0.93 mi) west of Bayfield.

The final interchange on Route 16 is also grade separated and provides access to the Cape Jourimain Nature Centre approximately 0.6 km (0.37 mi) west of the Confederation Bridge. Traffic leaves Route 16 when entering the Confederation Bridge to cross the Northumberland Strait to Prince Edward Island before continuing on Trans-Canada Highway Route 1.[1]

Port Elgin is the only major community along the route.

History[edit]

This highway has been part of the New Brunswick highway network since the Canadian National Railways ferry service from Cape Tormentine NB to Borden PEI began accepting automobiles in the 1920s.

The original section from Aulac to Baie Verte was known as the Baie Verte Road, the section through Baie Verte and Port Elgin was known as Main Street, the section from Port Elgin to Bayfield was known as the Immigrant Road, and the section from Bayfield to Cape Tormentine (now part of Route 955) was known as the Bayfield Road. The Trans-Canada Highway and Route 16 designation was applied in the 1960s after the Bayfield and Baie Verte/Port Elgin realignments.

There have been three major realignments to the route:

  • A 7 km (4.3 mi) bypass of Baie Verte and Port Elgin along with the Port Elgin Rotary, constructed in the 1960s as part of the Trans Canada Highway upgrades.

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Westmorland County.

Location km[1] Mile Destinations Notes
Aulac 0.0 0.0 Aulac Road Western terminus, T intersection at grade
Aulac 0.18 0.29 Route 2 (TCH) – Nova Scotia, Sackville, Moncton Cloverleaf interchange, exit 513 on Route 2
Baie Verte 13 21 To Route 970 (Main Street) T intersection at grade
Port Elgin 16 26 Route 15 west – Moncton
Route 970 south
Roundabout intersection
Timber River 18 29 Route 960 east T intersection at grade
Malden 27.5 44.3 Immigrant Road T intersection at grade
Bayfield 30 48 Route 955 Interchange, grade separated
Cape Jourimain 31 50 Service road Interchange, grade separated, access to Cape Jourimain Nature Centre
Abegweit Passage 32 51 To Route 1 (TCH) (Confederation Bridge) Western terminus of Confederation Bridge connecting to Route 1 on Prince Edward Island.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
NB Route 2
Trans-Canada Highway
NB Route 16
Succeeded by
PEI Route 1