New Castle, Indiana

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City of New Castle
City
New Castle from the air, looking east.
New Castle from the air, looking east.
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 39°55′25″N 85°21′54″W / 39.92361°N 85.36500°W / 39.92361; -85.36500Coordinates: 39°55′25″N 85°21′54″W / 39.92361°N 85.36500°W / 39.92361; -85.36500
Country United States
State Indiana
County Henry
Settled 1822
Government
 • Mayor Greg York (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 7.32 sq mi (18.96 km2)
 • Land 7.30 sq mi (18.91 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)  0.27%
Elevation 1,070 ft (326 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 18,114
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 17,805
 • Density 2,481.4/sq mi (958.1/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47362
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-52740[4]
GNIS feature ID 0440031[5]
Website www.cityofnewcastle.net/

New Castle is a city in Henry County, Indiana, 44 miles (71 km) east-northeast of Indianapolis, on the Big Blue River. In 1900, 3,406 people lived in the town; in 1910, 9,446; in 1920, 14,458; and in 1940, 16,620. The population was 18,114 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Henry County.[6] New Castle is home to New Castle Fieldhouse, the largest high school gymnasium in the world. The city is surrounded by agricultural land. In the past, it was a manufacturing center for the production of sheet iron and steel, automobiles, caskets, clothing, scales, bridges, pianos, furniture, handles, shovels, lathes, bricks, and flour.

New Castle Correctional Facility, with a capacity of over 2,000 inmates, is located just north of the city.

Geography[edit]

New Castle is located at 39°55′25″N 85°21′54″W / 39.923733°N 85.365045°W / 39.923733; -85.365045.[7]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 7.32 square miles (19.0 km2), of which 7.30 square miles (18.9 km2) (or 99.73%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) (or 0.27%) is water.[1]

Government[edit]

New Castle is a third class city and has a seven member city council chaired by the mayor. One council member is elected from each of the city's five districts and two are elected at-large. The clerk-treasurer and city judge are also elected offices. City elections are held every four years in the year preceding presidential elections.

The mayor is elected by popular vote and appoints the police chief, fire chief, city attorney, and department heads of the various municipal agencies.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 666
1860 417 −37.4%
1870 1,556 273.1%
1880 2,299 47.8%
1890 2,697 17.3%
1900 3,406 26.3%
1910 9,446 177.3%
1920 14,458 53.1%
1930 14,027 −3.0%
1940 16,620 18.5%
1950 18,271 9.9%
1960 20,349 11.4%
1970 21,215 4.3%
1980 20,056 −5.5%
1990 17,753 −11.5%
2000 17,780 0.2%
2010 18,114 1.9%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 18,114 people, 7,769 households, and 4,660 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,481.4 inhabitants per square mile (958.1 /km2). There were 9,002 housing units at an average density of 1,233.2 per square mile (476.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 7,769 households of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 39.5 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 17,780 people, 7,462 households, and 4,805 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,987.5 people per square mile (1,153.8/km²). There were 8,042 housing units at an average density of 1,351.3 per square mile (521.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.37% White, 1.85% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 7,462 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. Some 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,688, and the median income for a family was $37,463. Males had a median income of $32,624 versus $20,554 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,587. About 10.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Other attractions[edit]

Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame building.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate is designated as Humid continental, and this region typically has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa". (Hot Summer Continental Climate).[11]

Climate data for New Castle, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3)
41
(5)
47
(8)
62
(17)
73
(23)
82
(28)
87
(31)
85
(29)
79
(26)
68
(20)
50
(10)
38
(3)
62.5
(16.9)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(−7)
23
(−5)
27
(−3)
39
(4)
49
(9)
59
(15)
62
(17)
59
(15)
50
(10)
40
(4)
28
(−2)
20
(−7)
39.7
(4.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.3
(84)
2.8
(71)
3.0
(76)
4.3
(109)
4.3
(109)
4.9
(124)
3.6
(91)
2.9
(74)
2.6
(66)
2.3
(58)
2.9
(74)
2.5
(64)
39.4
(1,001)
Avg. precipitation days 6.6 5.9 6.1 6.9 6.9 7.7 6.3 5.5 4.4 4.0 4.9 5.5 70.7
Source: Weatherbase [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ News article, paragraph three, from USA Today, February 25, 2004.
  9. ^ http://www.indystar.com/article/20130426/SPORTS02/304260044/New-Castle-s-Trey-Ball-has-3-million-arm-bat
  10. ^ Thomas St. Myer, Muncie Star-Press (2013-03-05). "New Castle baseball star Trey Ball trades aluminum for wood at the plate - USA TODAY High School Sports". Usatodayhss.com. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for New Castle, Indiana
  12. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on June 15, 2013.

External links[edit]

News & Media[edit]