|Founded||29 May 2007|
|Split from||Union for French Democracy|
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|European Parliament group||Group of the European People's Party|
New Centre (Nouveau Centre French pronunciation: [nu.vo'sɑ̃tʁ] ; NC), also known as the European Social Liberal Party (Parti Social Libéral Européen, PSLE) is a centre-right political party in France, formed by the members of the Union for French Democracy (UDF) – including a majority of former parliamentarians (18 of 29 members of the UDF in the National Assembly) – who did not agree with François Bayrou's decision to found the Democratic Movement (MoDem) and wanted to support the newly elected president Nicolas Sarkozy, continuing the UDF-Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) alliance.
Its creation was announced on May 29, 2007 during a press conference.
During the legislative elections in June 2007 17 NC deputies were elected, in addition to five unaffiliated deputies elected under the "Majorité Présidentielle" banner. Only three MoDem deputies were elected, even though they won 7.6% of the first round vote and the NC-PSLE won about 2.3%. However, less than one hundred NC candidates were standing, compared to over 500 for the MoDem.
Minister of Defense Hervé Morin was elected by the first round in Eure (50.05%), other candidates such as François Sauvadet, Charles de Courson were also elected by the first round. In total, six NC-PSLE members were elected by round one.
In the second round, 11 additional deputies were elected, giving the party a total of 17 deputies. With other deputies elected under various banners, the party formed a parliamentary group of 22 members, including MoDem candidates Jean-Christophe Lagarde. Mayotte MoDem deputy Abdoulatifou Aly joined the group before defecting back to the MoDem. In a 2008 by-election in the Rhone, the party gained a seat after the UMP incumbent saw his election invalidated.
In his second cabinet, the Prime Minister François Fillon appointed three NC members Hervé Morin as Defense Minister, André Santini as State Secretary for Public Servants and Valérie Létard as State Secretary for Social Solidarity.
In the municipal and cantonal elections held in 2008, the party held most if its seats, but lost Blois and Amiens to the PS. It did gain, however, the cities of Agen and Châtellerault. It lost the department of the Somme but gained the Côte-d'Or, where François Sauvadet was elected as departmental president. In the 2009 European elections the party joined the presidential majority alliance and three NC members were elected as MEPs.
It supports a social market economy, which seeks to find a compromise between socialism and laissez-faire capitalism. In this regards, it supports social welfare and a competitive market economy. It also supports a looser application of the French 35-hour workweek, a reduction in the payroll tax, a French version of the American Small Business Administration and a reduction of the government debt and more budgetary regulation.
The New Centre supports a diversification of energy sources to cut by four greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. In this regard, it supports the development of public transit and further development of fluvial and railway transportation of goods and people.
It supports a greater role for the French Parliament and some in the party favour the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) or a German electoral system for parliamentary elections. Like many French centrist parties descended from the centrist Christian democratic ideals, it is strongly Europhile and supports increased European control over the economy, environment, immigration, energy and research.
- Ministers: Maurice Leroy
- Deputies: Jean-Pierre Abelin, Thierry Benoit (AC), Christian Blanc, Pascal Brindeau, Hervé de Charette, Charles de Courson, Stéphane Demilly, Jean Dionis du Séjour, Raymond Durand, Philippe Folliot (AC), Francis Hillmeyer, Michel Hunault, Olivier Jardé, Yvan Lachaud, Jean-Christophe Lagarde, Claude Leteurtre, Hervé Morin, Nicolas Perruchot, Jean-Luc Préel, François Rochebloine, Rudy Salles, André Santini, François Sauvadet, Francis Vercamer, Philippe Vigier
- Senators: Jean-Paul Amoudry, Claude Biwer, Jean Boyer, Daniel Dubois, Jean-Léonce Dupont, Hervé Maurey, Catherine Morin-Desailly, Jean-Jacques Pignard, Yves Pozzo di Borgo, André Villiers
- MEPs: Damien Abad, Sophie Briard-Auconie, Jean-Marie Cavada (AC)
It is hard to pinpoint the geographic distribution of the NC's vote since most of its candidates run without UMP opposition. The party is strong institutionally in the Loir-et-Cher, where it holds two of the department's three seats as well as the presidency of the general council.
|Election year||# of 1st round votes||% of 1st round vote||# of 2nd round votes||% of 2nd round vote||# of seats|
|Election year||# of votes||% of overall vote||# of seats won|
|2009||ran with UMP, Modern Left, Progressives||3|
In order to obtain public financing, the New Centre has signed a convention with Fetia Api, a very small party in French Polynesia. 23 parliamentarians (18 of the French National Assembly and 5 from the Senate) declared they belong to Fetia Api for this reason.
- http://www.eppgroup.eu/home/docs/eppgroup-members-list-240609.pdf List of members of the EPP group
- "Création du "Nouveau centre" par les UDF ralliés à Sarkozy" (in French). NouvelObs.com. 2007-05-29. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- Political Program Official website of the New Centre]
- Since then, 2 other deputies have joined the group, giving it 24 members