New College London

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New College, St John's Wood, London. Wood engraving by C.D. Laing after B. Sly, 1851

New College London (1850–1980) (sometimes known as New College, St. John's Wood, or New College, Hampstead) was founded as a Congregationalist college in 1850.

Predecessor institutions[edit]

New College London came into being in 1850 by the amalgamation of three dissenting academies.

Coward College was named after William Coward (died 1738), a London merchant who used his money to train ministers for the "protestant dissenters". The trustees of his will supported, among others, the academy started by Philip Doddridge, taking it over after Doddridge's death in 1751. This establishment, founded at Market Harborough, moved to Northampton, Daventry, back to Northampton, then to Wymondley, and finally in 1833 to London. Its final home was built by Thomas Cubitt the year before, and was located in Byng Place, south of the Catholic Apostolic Church. "Here it took the name of Coward College and remained as a residential College for Theological Students until May, 1850." Two of its principals were the Rev. Thomas Morell and Dr. Thomas William Jenkyn.[1] It is probably best known as the Daventry Academy, which educated Joseph Priestley.

Highbury College (Dissenting Academy) started out in Mile End in 1783, moved to Hoxton in 1791, and then to Highbury in 1826. Its most famous student was Christopher Newman Hall.

Homerton College was split into two. Its theological function became part of New College, whereas the rest of it, refounded as a teacher training college, became part of the University of Cambridge).

The initial programme of New College London is laid out in the final chapter of The introductory lectures delivered at the opening of the college: October, 1851[2]

Meanwhile the Village Itinerancy Society (1796–1839) was transformed into Hackney Theological Seminary (1839–1871), which was renamed as Hackney College in 1871.[3] Later this was relocated from its origins in Hackney to a fine new building in Hampstead, and became associated with Peter Taylor Forsyth.

Merger into the University[edit]

New College and Hackney College became constituents of the University of London's Faculty of Theology when the faculty was created in 1900.[4] They were united by Act of Parliament in 1924 as Hackney and New College, which was renamed New College, London in 1936.[5]

"New buildings were erected behind the Hackney College premises at Hampstead, and were opened in 1938."[6]

When, in 1972, most English Congregational churches joined the newly formed United Reformed Church (URC), and only a small number remained independent, the New College's work was reorganised. In 1976, its library was donated to Dr Williams's Library.[7] Since 1981, the work of the college has been continued by the New College London Foundation,[8] which trains ministers for the URC and Congregational churches.

After closure in 1977 the New College buildings were leased to the Open University, which assigned its rights to the Paris Chamber of Commerce in 2001, as the campus of ESCP-EAP. The freehold of the buildings were sold to the Paris Chamber of Commerce in 2005 and the funds distributed to the four beneficiaries, the United Reformed Church, the Congregational Federation, The Evangelical Fellowship of Congregational Churches and the Unaffiliated Congregational Churches Charity.

Despite the name the college was never associated with Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, also a constituent college of the University of London.

People associated with it[edit]

New College has gathered many leading thinkers from the Congregationalist, Calvinist and United Reformed traditions.

  • Rev John Harris DD was its first Principal, succeeded by Rev Robert Halley DD
  • Walter Frederic Adeney was educated at the college and was lecturer in Biblical and systematic theology at New College in the 1880s.[9]
  • Bertram Lee-Woolf, a leading authority on the work of Martin Luther[10] held a professorship at the college.
  • Howard Scullard was a governor of the college from 1930 until 1980.[11]
  • The Revd. John Huxtable, Principal of the college 1953-64, helped to found the URC and became its first Moderator.
  • The Revd. Dr Geoffrey Nuttall, Lecturer in Church History at the college,[12] was elected to membership of the British Academy in 1991.[13]
  • Ron Price, a New Testament scholar, studied at the college in the 1960s.[14]
  • The Revd. Elizabeth Welch, Moderator of the URC in the West Midlands, studied at the college in the 1970s.[15]
  • David Peel, the URC’s Moderator of General Assembly for 2005–2006, came under the influence of the college while residing there as a student lodger ("hostelman").[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'Coward College, Byng Place', Survey of London: volume 21: The parish of St Pancras part 3: Tottenham Court Road & neighbourhood (1949), pp. 91. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=65179 Date accessed: 15 January 2010. The article itself states in its references that it depends on "information supplied by the Rev. J. B. Binns, Secretary and Librarian of New College, London, and also the articles on Dr. Doddridge and William Coward in Dictionary of National Biography. The date of the Agreement with Coward's Trustees under which New College was formed was 10th September, 1849."
  2. ^ By New College (London, England), New College, London, England
  3. ^ New College, London - Annual Report, 1976-1977, p.1
  4. ^ G.F.Nuttall, New College, London and Its Library Dr. Williams's Trust, 1977, p.8 n.7
  5. ^ New College, London - Annual Report, 1976-1977, p.1
  6. ^ 'Coward College, Byng Place', Survey of London: volume 21: The parish of St Pancras part 3: Tottenham Court Road & neighbourhood (1949), pp. 91. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=65179 Date accessed: 15 January 2010. The article itself states in its references that it depends on "information supplied by the Rev. J. B. Binns, Secretary and Librarian of New College, London, and also the articles on Dr. Doddridge and William Coward in Dictionary of National Biography. The date of the Agreement with Coward's Trustees under which New College was formed was 10th September, 1849."
  7. ^ http://www1.rhbnc.ac.uk/hellenic-institute/Drwilliams's.html
  8. ^ http://www.charitiesdirect.com/charities/new-college-london-foundation-310027.html
  9. ^ http://www.ageslibrary.com/authordb/A/adeney.html
  10. ^ http://www.lutterworth.com/jamesclarke/jc/titles/refluth.htm
  11. ^ http://www.aim25.ac.uk/cgi-bin/search2?coll_id=773&inst_id=6
  12. ^ http://www.britac.ac.uk/fellowship/directory/dec.asp?type=N
  13. ^ http://www.britac.ac.uk/fellowship/directory/archive.asp?fellowsID=577
  14. ^ http://journalofbiblicalstudies.org/Authors/ron_price.htm
  15. ^ http://www.urcwestmidlands.org.uk/Moderator.htm
  16. ^ http://www.urc.org.uk/index_page_contents/peel/pastor_or_prophet.htm

External links[edit]