Novas Conquistas

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Goa at its height under Portuguese occupation. The Novas Conquistas are highlighted in cream.

The Novas Conquistas are a group of seven administrative districts or concelhos of mainland Goa, India, which were added onto Goa at a comparatively later date than the original three concelhos that make up the Velhas Conquistas.

In writing postal addresses, this is abbreviated N.C.

History[edit]

In December 1764, the king of Mysore, Hyder Ali sent his general, Fazalullah Khan northward into Soonda via Bednur, where landowners who resisted his administration met severe retribution. Fearing capture, the Raja of Soonda fled to Goa, surrendering his territories below the Western Ghats to the Portuguese, in exchange for sanctuary and a fixed annual stipend. The lower territories, including the port of Sadashivgad near Karwar, were absorbed into the Kingdom of Mysore.[1]

These new areas granted by the Raja of Soonda were incorporated into Portuguese Goa.

Later in 1783 Kingdom of Sawantwadi, in order to get help of Portuguese against Kolhapur, ceded some parts of Pernem, Bicholim and Sattari to Portuguese. Remaining part of Pernem (including Terekhol Fort) was ceded in 1788 and thus came to be known as the Novas Conquistas. (New Conquests). Unlike the Velhas Conquistas, these areas remained predominantly Hindu (hence the region boasts of considerable Konkan Maratha populace unlike the V.C), as the Portuguese had lost their zeal for Christianization.

The seven concelhos of the Novas Conquistas are Pernem, Bicholim, Satari, Ponda (or Antruz), Sanguem, Quepem and Canacona.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sarasvati's Children: A History of the Mangalorean Christians, Alan Machado Prabhu, I.J.A. Publications, 1999, pp. 168

See also[edit]