New Delhi railway station
Indian Railway Station
Entrance to the New Delhi Railway Station complex
|Address||New Delhi, Delhi
|Elevation||214.42 metres (703.5 ft)|
|Structure type||Standard (on ground station)|
|Formerly||East Indian Railway Company|
The New Delhi Railway Station (station code NDLS), situated between Ajmeri Gate and Paharganj is the main railway station in Delhi. New Delhi railway station is the third busiest and one of the largest in India. It handles over 300 trains and 500,000 passengers daily with 16 platforms. The New Delhi railway station holds the record for the largest route interlocking system in the world similar to the Kanpur Central Railway Station i.e. 48. The station is about two kilometres north of Connaught Place, in central Delhi.
Most eastbound and southbound trains originate at New Delhi Railway Station. However, some important trains to other parts of the country also touch/originate at this station.
Before the new imperial capital New Delhi was established after 1911, the Old Delhi Railway Station served the entire city and the Agra-Delhi railway line cut through what is today called Lutyens' Delhi and the site earmarked for the hexagonal All-India War Memorial (now India Gate) and Kingsway (now Rajpath). The railway line was shifted along Yamuna river and opened in 1924 to make way for the new capital. Minto (now Shivaji) and Hardinge (now Tilak) rail bridges came up for this realigned line. The East Indian Railway Company, that overlooked railways in the region, sanctioned the construction of a single story building and a single platform between Ajmeri Gate and Paharganj in 1926. This was later known as New Delhi Railway station. The government's plans to have the new station built inside the Central Park of Connaught Place was rejected by the Railways as it found the idea impractical. In 1927–28, New Delhi Capital Works project involving construction of 4.79 miles (7.71 km) of new lines was completed. The Viceroy and royals entered the city through the new railway station during the inauguration of New Delhi in 1931. New structures were added to the railway station later and the original building served as the parcel office for many years.
In 2007, Terry Farrell and Partners were commissioned to modernise and expand the station in time for the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi. Farrells are the lead consultant for the Masterplan for Indian Railways for the redevelopment of New Delhi Railway Station to be in line with the pace of modernisation and growth in the city centre. To provide station and property development over and around the station. The first phase was planned to be operational by the time of the games. The redevelopment was expected to cost 60 billion (US$918.0 million) and 13 consortiums have placed bids to win the contract to upgrade and modernise the terminal on a Build-Operate-Transfer basis for 30 years.
The station occupies 86 ha and 10–20% of it (50 acres) could be used for retail and commercial use. In September 2009, the new building of the station on the Ajmeri Gate side was opened by Northern Railway; built at Rs250,000,000 by Gangotri Enterprises Limited and the building has a total floor area of 9,000 m² spread over three floors.
Northern Railways concluded a tender in May 2013, won by a Mumbai-based company, to enable free Wi-Fi connectivity at the station, at an approximate cost of 1 (1.5¢ US)82.23 lakhs. The service is expected to be operational by Novermber 2013.
New Delhi Railway Station is served by New Delhi station on the Yellow Line of the Delhi Metro, and also by the Delhi Airport Metro Express (Orange Line), which connects it directly to Indira Gandhi International Airport.
Some of the most important trains among 100 that originate from New Delhi are:
- New Delhi - Chandigarh Shatabdi Express
- Uttar Sampark Kranti Express to Udhampur (Jammu and Kashmir)
- Kanpur Shatabdi Express
- Bhopal Shatabadi Express
- Lucknow Swarn Shatabadi Express
- Mumbai Rajdhani
- Howrah Rajdhani
- Sealdah Rajdhani
- Guwahati Rajdhani Express
- Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express
- Patna Rajdhani Express
- Ranchi Rajdhani Express
- Kalka Shatabdi Express (via Chandigarh)
- Kanpur Shatabdi
- Amritsar Shatabdi Express
- Mahabodhi Express to Gaya
- New Delhi – Howrah Yuva Express
- New Delhi – Howrah Duronto Express
- New Delhi – Sealdah Duronto Express
- Shram Shakti Express to Kanpur
- Sampoorna Kranti Express to Patna
- Vaishali Express to Barauni
- New Delhi - Jabalpur Express
- Poorvottar Sampark Kranti Express
- Lucknow Mail
- Prayagraj Express to Allahabad
- Karnataka Express to Bangalore
- Kerala Express to Thiruvananthapuram (Longest Running train in India with daily services)
- Grand Trunk Express to Chennai
- Tamil Nadu Express to Chennai
- Andhra Pradesh Express to Hyderabad
- Purshottam Express to Puri
- Kashi Vishwanath Express to Varanasi
- Dehradun Jan Shatabdi Express
- Dehradun Shatabdi Express
- Dehradun AC Express
- Shaan-e-Punjab Express to Amritsar
- Bihar Sampark Kranti Superfast Express to Darbhanga
- Jharkhand Sampark Kranti Express to Ranchi
- "Free Wi-Fi at New Delhi railway station soon". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 29 July 2013.
- "CP's blueprint: Bath's Crescent". Hindustan Times. 8 February 2011.
- "A fine balance of luxury and care". Hindustan Times. 21 July 2011.
- "When Railways nearly derailed New Delhi". Hindustan Times. 18 January 2011.
- Terry Farrell & Partners to design Delhi Rly station Business Line, 4 July 2007.
- Rly in jam over cross holding of shares by New Delhi bidders Outlook (magazine), 22 September 2008.
- The Times of India http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/News/News_By_Industry/Transportation/Railways/New_Delhi_station_to_be_equipped_with_hi-tech_lighting_system/rssarticleshow/3228132.cms
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- New Delhi gets new railway station building The Hindu, 16 September 2009.
- "2 new metro stations on IGI link from today". The Times of India. 15 August 2011.
- New Delhi Railway Station map
- All Arrival Departure of Trains at New Delhi Railway Station
- New Delhi Railway Station
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to New Delhi Railway Station.|