||This article possibly contains original research. (December 2010)|
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|Traded as||TSX: NFI
Grey Market: NFYEF
|Founded||1930 (as Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd)|
|Headquarters||Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada|
|Area served||Canada, United States, Latin America, Brazil|
|Key people||Paul Soubry - CEO|
|Products||Heavy-duty transit buses|
Flyer was founded by John Coval in 1930 as the Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd. Reflecting an increased focus on bus manufacturing, it changed its name in 1948 to Western Flyer Coach.
In the 1960s, the company further focused on the urban transit bus market. In 1971, the then-financially struggling Western Flyer was sold to the Manitoba Development Corporation, an agency of the Manitoba government, and renamed Flyer Industries Limited.
On July 15, 1986, Jan den Oudsten, a descendant of the family who created the Dutch company Den Oudsten Bussen BV, purchased Flyer Industries from the Manitoba government, changing its name to New Flyer Industries Limited. Den Oudsten Bussen B.V was a bus manufacturer in its native country, the Netherlands.
New Flyer subsequently introduced North America's first low-floor bus, delivering the D40LF to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in 1991. Also in 1995, the first ever North American low-floor articulated bus was introduced to Strathcona County Transit of Sherwood Park, Alberta. In 2001, the delivery of 6,300 low-floor buses represented close to half of the North American fleet, confirming New Flyer as the dominant player in the transit bus manufacturing industry in North America, a role previously held by the now defunct Flxible.
In March 2002, New Flyer was acquired by KPS Special Situations Fund in New York. Also in the same year, Mr. den Oudsten retired as CEO of New Flyer Industries Ltd. and has recently been inducted into the Hall of Fame of the American Public Transportation Association.
In 2003, King County Metro of Seattle, WA placed an order for 213 hybrid buses, the largest ever for hybrid buses up to that time. This record was broken when MTA New York ordered 825 hybrid buses of a different company that same year (despite they ordered between 2004 and 2007). On December 15 of the same year, New Flyer announced that Harvest Partners, Inc., a New York-based private equity firm, had entered into definitive agreements to acquire New Flyer Industries Limited, from KPS Special Situations Fund. Lightyear Capital, a New York-based private equity firm, joined Harvest as a co-investor in the transaction. John Marinucci, CEO of New Flyer, said, "This is exciting news for New Flyer" And he went on to say that KPS specializes in turning around struggling businesses and that they typically do not hold assets after the turnaround has been accomplished. And that ever since the KPS purchase, New Flyer had achieved excellent operational and financial performance. He especially praised the employees.
On August 19, 2005, New Flyer announced the closing of an initial public offering in Canada of 20,000 Income Deposit Securities, becoming a publicly traded company on the Toronto Stock Exchange. That year also saw the introduction of optional redesigned front and rear endcaps for their buses. The new endcaps are an attempt to modernize and streamline the look of their fleet, which is more or less a box on wheels. Also, a new "R" suffix was applied on all units produced with the new endcaps. The redesigned endcaps made their debut with the 2005 E40LFR built for the Vancouver trolleybus system.
Between 2005 and the end of 2009, New Flyer supplied a total of 262 low-floor trolleybuses to the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority (now known as TransLink), of which 74 were articulated (model E60LFR). The original order, placed in late 2003, was for 188 E40LFR units and 40 E60LFR units. The first E40LFR was delivered in July 2005, and the rest of the 40-foot (12 m) units were delivered between August 2006 and September 2007. The first articulated, E60LFR trolleybus arrived in Vancouver in January 2007. TransLink decided to order an additional 34 articulated units, making the total 74, and delivery of the 73 production-series E60LFR units took place between October 2007 and autumn 2009.
Another purchaser of trolleybuses from New Flyer was SEPTA, operator of the Philadelphia trolleybus system. That agency placed an order with New Flyer in February 2006 for 38 E40LFR "trackless trolleys", as trolleybuses are known there. The first vehicle was delivered in June 2007, and the remaining 37 were received by SEPTA during 2008.
In October 2008, New Flyer Industries Canada ULC was named one of Canada's Top 100 Employers by Mediacorp Canada Inc., and was featured in Maclean's newsmagazine. Later that month, New Flyer was also named one of Manitoba's Top Employers, which was announced by the Winnipeg Free Press newspaper.
The company converted to a corporate structure from a trust-like structure in October, 2011. In May 2012, New Flyer and Alexander Dennis Limited announced a new joint-venture to design and manufacture medium-duty low-floor bus (or midi bus) for the North American market. New Flyer will handle production and marketing, and Alexander Dennis will handle the engineering and testing. In June 2012 New Flyer, in a joint venture with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, the Manitoba Government, Manitoba Hydro and Red River College, unveiled a fully electric battery-powered bus.
Brazilian bus manufacturer Marcopolo S.A. acquired a 19.99% stake of New Flyer on January 23, 2013 for $116-million, the maximum it could acquire without offering to buy out other shareholders. New Flyer purchased Orion's aftermarket parts business from Daimler on March 1, 2013 such as inventory, accounts receivable, license to use proprietary part designs for Orion buses and included certain regulations for $29 million (it also acquired some of Orion's outstanding orders at the time of shutdown). Under the purchase, Daimler has entered into an arrangement to supply the parts to DBNA for customer warranty support. On June 21, 2013, New Flyer Industries announced the acquisition of North American Bus Industries.
Each designation is preceded by a letter before the model name, which is given below.
Current Flyer model numbers are composed of a core that indicates the power source and the length (in feet), and a prefix or suffix which designates the model. Note that not all possible combinations have been offered.
|omitted for LFR||GE = gasoline-electric hybrid
H = hydrogen fuel cell (40LFR only)
HE = hydrogen hybrid-electric
L = liquefied natural gas
|30 = 30 feet (9.1 m)
35 = 35 feet (11 m)
40 = 40 feet (12 m)
60 = 60 feet (18 m) articulated
|LFR = low floor, restyled front and back|
|X = Xcelsior|| C = compressed natural gas
• replaced by N for Xcelsior model
D = diesel
DE = diesel-electric hybrid
E = electric trolleybus
• replaced by T for Xcelsior model
|E = Battery-electric
N = compressed natural gas
T = electric trolleybus
|omitted for Xcelsior|
The current product line does not account for those models which are marketed by subsidiary North American Bus Industries.
|Xcelsior||35 feet (11 m)
40 feet (12 m)
60 feet (18 m)
|102 inches (2.6 m)||2008||
|MiDi||30 feet (9.1 m)
35 feet (11 m)
|96 inches (2.4 m)||2013|
New Flyer Industries
|1996||2009||DE version was never built.|
|D35||1988||1997||Also known as D35HF.|
|1996||2009||Sold in the United States only.|
|1987||1999||Also known as the C40HF, D40HF and L40HF respectively.|
|1989||2013||Interior and exterior revisions and different engines were added to these models.|
|2001||2007||One of the largest customers was OC Transpo (Ottawa, Ontario). Only a small number of DE40i (hybrid diesel/electric) versions were produced, all for Roaring Fork Transportation Authority (Aspen, Colorado).|
|D40S||1988||1994||A suburban version of the D40; manufactured only for GO Transit (Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area).|
|F40LF||1996||1996||Hydrogen fuel cell prototype.|
|HE40LF||2006||2006||Hydrogen-electric hybrid demo for SunLine Transit Agency (Riverside County, California).|
|DE41LF||2007||2009||5 units built for the Hamilton Street Railway and 220 units built for the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).|
|1998||1999||104 units built for MTAs of Houston, Texas (METRO) and New York City (NYCTA).|
|Articulated, also known as the D60HF and E60HF respectively. The E60 was only built from 1992 to 1994 for the San Francisco Municipal Railway.|
|1997||2010||Articulated. Outstanding orders filled in 2010. The DE60LF was sold in the United States only.|
Flyer Industries Limited
A and B suffixes denoted update versions.
|1968||1974||53||Similar in appearance to the Flxible New Look.|
|1968||1973||53||Trolleybus version of the D700/D700A; D700A shells sold to the Toronto Transit Commission (Toronto, Ontario) to reuse components from Canadian Car & Foundry-Brill T48 and T48A trolleybuses.|
|1974||1981||53||Based on the AM General Metropolitan, which itself was an updated version of the D700. Offered in -9635 (96 inches [2.4 m] × 35 feet [11 m]) and -10240 (102 inches [2.6 m] × 40 feet [12 m]) versions.|
|1974||1978||53||Trolleybus version of the D800/D800B. Notable operators of the E800 were the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (Boston, Massachusetts) and San Francisco Municipal Railway (San Francisco, California). The E800A was delivered only to the Hamilton Street Railway (Hamilton, Ontario).|
|1980||1986||53||Revised front with rounded corners.|
|E901A||1981||1982||53||This trolleybus model was only built for BC Transit (Vancouver, British Columbia). Production continued with the E902 model, which may be identical (no differences between the E901A and E902 have ever been identified). A total of 80 E901A and E902 trolleybuses were sold to EPTM (Mendoza, Argentina) in 2008.|
|D902||1984||1984||53||This model was only built for San Francisco MUNI.|
|E902||1982||1984||53||This trolleybus model was only built for BC Transit and may be simply a redesignation of the E901A model, as no differences between the E901A and E902 models have ever been identified. A total of 80 E901A and E902 trolleybuses were sold to EPTM in 2008.|
|D2001||32||A 30-foot (9.1 m) version of the D900 that was announced but never built.|
Western Flyer Coach
|Western Flyer||1941||1941||Front engine highway coach; no official model name.|
|T-32||1945||1959||32||gasoline engine highway coach|
|T-36||1950||1955||36||standard highway coach|
|T36-2L||1955||1955||36||split-level 40-2L body|
|Canuck||1953||diesel rear engine prototype|
|P-37 Canuck||1955||37||gasoline rear engine|
|T-40||1949||1955||40||transit version of the C-40|
|P-37 Canuck||1955||1958||37||intercity coach|
|P-41 Canuck||1958||1964||41||diesel rear engine intercity coach|
|D500 Canuck||1964||1967||37||31 feet (9.4 m) diesel rear engine|
|D600 Canuck||1967||1968||45||38 feet (12 m) lengthened version of D500|
Western Auto & Truck Body Works
|Buda Lo-525||1937||1941?||32||First bus produced by company; sold to Grey Goose Bus Lines (Winnipeg, Manitoba).|
Source: New Flyer Industries Inc.
Orion Aftermarket Parts
New Flyer acquired Orion Aftermarket Parts business for the Orion V to Orion VII bus models. New Flyer completed remaining Orion VII orders and are not producing any future Orion buses.
- Stauss, Ed (1988). The Bus World Encyclopedia of Buses. Woodland Hills, CA (USA): Stauss Publications. ISBN 0-9619830-0-0.
- "New Flyer Receives Order for Up To 715 Buses From King County". Welcome to New Flyer!. New Flyer Industries Inc. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 254 (March-April 2004), p. 43. ISSN 0266-7452.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 263 (September-October 2005), p. 117.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 270 (November-December 2006), p. 135.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 277 (January-February 2008), p. 15
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 273 (May-June 2007), p. 62.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 267 (May-June 2006), p. 71.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 282 (November-December 2008), p. 140.
- "Reasons for Selection, 2009 Canada's Top 100 Employers Competition".
- [dead link]
- Kusch, Larry. "New Flyer green leader". Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- "Brazilian bus maker loads up stake in New Flyer Industries". The Globe and Mail. 2013-01-23. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- "New Flyer buys Orion parts business of Daimler Bus". The Globe and Mail. 2013-03-01. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- Fuel Cell Initiative Overview BC Transit
- New Flyer Xcelsior info
- "Bus images". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- Sebree, Mac; and Ward, Paul (1974). The Trolley Coach in North America, pp. 329–332. Los Angeles: Interurbans. LCCN 74-20367.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 247 (January-February 2003), pp. 17–18.
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