New Force (Italy)

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New Force
Forza Nuova
Leader Roberto Fiore
Founded 29 September 1997
Newspaper Il Megafono
Youth wing Student Struggle
Paramilitary wing Camicie Bianche[1]
(Whiteshirts)
Ideology Ultranationalism[2]
Neo-fascism[3][4]
Conservatism[5][6][7]
Third Position[8]
Political position Far-right[9]
National affiliation none
European affiliation European National Front
European Parliament group no MEPs
Colors      Black
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Website
www.forzanuova.org
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

New Force (Forza Nuova, FN) is an Italian far-right political party.[10] Founded by Roberto Fiore and Massimo Morsello, and supporting the ideas of Julius Evola, the party is a member of the European National Front and was a part of the Social Alternative from 2003 to 2006. The party has often been heavily criticized for its radical positions and for acts of violence involving some militants. It was also the protagonist of political campaigns openly opposed to homosexual marriage and illegal immigration.

History[edit]

New Force was formed initially within the Fiamma Tricolore ("Tricolor Flame") and then began the process that led it to become a party. Its founders and financiers were two well-known names from the years of militancy in the lead for the movements of the Roman radical right, and for their neo-fascist political beliefs. The split occurred when Tricolor Flame of Pino Rauti began to oppose the distribution among its members of the bulletin of Roberto Fiore and Massimo Morsello.[11]

In 1980 Fiore and Morsello escaped to London as fugitives after arrest warrants aimed at shedding light on the facts of the massacre at the Bologna railway station. It is to be noted, however, that the two were considered unrelated to the massacre, although they belonged, according to the judiciary, to the Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari.[12] They both stayed in England during the first government led by Margaret Thatcher with the status of political refugees for 20 years.[13][14]

New Force was founded on 29 September 1997 at a meeting in Cave, in the province of Rome, organized by Francesco Pallottino, leader of a Nazi rock group. The founders Fiore and Morsello were still fugitives in London and would return only in 1999, by which time the courts would not take them more able to pursue. For Fiore were now prescribed 66 months in prison, and 98 for Morsello, inapplicable inasmuch as the latter was dying from cancer (he died in March 2001 in fact).

The national launch of the group was in Latina with a conference in April 1998. Forza Nuova was placed on the political scene with the goal at the local level, to broaden their contacts on concrete campaigns against immigration, abortion, crime, and to hold together the conservative right-wing traditionalist with the social channel blocker.

On 25 March 1999 Massimo Morsello returned to Italy[15][16] and so will Roberto Fiore on 21 April of the following year.[17] To welcome Morsello and Fiore at the airport there are deputies of the National Alliance and Forza Italia as Francesco Storace, Enzo Fragalà, Alberto Simeone, Carlo Taormina, Ernesto Caccavale and Teodoro Buontempo.[18] In early 2001, the movement can count on with 2500 members and forty sections scattered throughout Italy.[19]

In 2001 general election, New Force gained 13,622 votes at the Chamber of Deputies. In 2008 general election, the party won 0.30% in the Chamber[20] and 0.26% in the Senate.[21] It has not been elected a parliamentary presented himself in the lists of the party. Following the resignation of mandatory Alessandra Mussolini, elected to the Chamber of Deputies, Roberto Fiore has become MEP.[22]

In 2013 general election New Force gets 0.26% of the votes and more precisely 89,812 votes in the Chamber of Deputies[23] and 81,521 votes in the Senate,[24] failing to elect any candidate but becoming, for number of votes for and presentation of the lists in the various constituencies, the first party of the Italian far-right.

Political program[edit]

Forza Nuova demonstration in Verona.

The political movement claims to aim for "national reconstruction" by achieving eleven objectives:
1. The repeal of abortion law.
2. A social policy that encourages population growth and the traditional family.
3. Opposition to immigration and the humane repatriation of recent immigrants to Italy.
4. The fight against the Mafia, the banning of Freemasonry and all secret societies, together with exit from NATO and removal from the U.S. sphere of influence.
5. The fight against usury and writing off of public debt, as well as the abolition of capitalism.
6. The restoration of the 1929 agreement between the State and the Church and the defence of national identity.
7. The repeal of the Mancino and Scelba laws, which the Forza Nuova believes destroy freedom.
8. The formation of guilds for the protection of workers.
9. The abolition of the Regions.
10. Laws to eliminate seigniorage banking income and for the state to issue currency; complementary currencies for local trade, and the nationalization of the following sectors: health, the central bank, commercial banks and strategic industries;
11. The "recovery of Christian religiosity" and of "faith in the Catholic Church".

New Force is also characterized by Euroscepticism; Roberto Fiore, FN leader, stated that he wanted to oppose "with all possible legal means" the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty.

Election results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2001 13,622 0.04
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
2006 255,354 0.67
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
2008 108,837 0.30
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
2013 89,811 0.26
0 / 630
Roberto Fiore
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2001 39,545 0.12
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore
2006 214,526 0.63
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore
2008 85,630 0.26
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore
2013 81,521 0.26
0 / 315
Roberto Fiore
European Parliament
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1999 94,181 0.30
0 / 87
Roberto Fiore
2004 399,073 1.23
1 / 78
Increase 1
Roberto Fiore
2009 146,619 0.47
0 / 72
Decrease 1
Roberto Fiore
2014 did not run
0 / 72
Roberto Fiore

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://agenziaitaliapress.blogspot.it/2012/10/forza-nuova-shock-mobilita-5000-camicie.html
  2. ^ http://www.globalproject.info/it/in_movimento/reggio-emilia-contro-ogni-nazionalismo-per-uneuropa-di-diritti-e-dignita/15574
  3. ^ http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/2001/aprile/22/Forza_Nuova_Aprile_fiori_piazzale_co_7_0104228239.shtml
  4. ^ http://ricerca.repubblica.it/repubblica/archivio/repubblica/2007/05/18/assalto-alla-sede-di-forza-nuova-domani.html
  5. ^ "No aborto". Forza Nuova. 29 September 2008. 
  6. ^ "Aborto: Forza Nuova lancia palloncini 'Aborto=omicidio'". A tutta Destra. 21 maggio 2011. 
  7. ^ "Palermo, Forza nuova contro l'aborto, bambole insanguinate ai giornali". la Repubblica. 19 novembre 2008. 
  8. ^ http://www.forzanuova.org/programma
  9. ^ Extreme Right Parties in Italy, Gianfranco Baldini, 2001
  10. ^ Greven, Thomas; Grumke, Thomas (2006). Globalisierter Rechtsextremismus? Die extremistische Rechte in der Ära der Globalisierung [Globalized Right-wing Extremism. The Extreme Right in the Era of Globalization]. VS Verlag. p. 136. ISBN 978-3-531-14514-3. 
  11. ^ http://ricerca.repubblica.it/repubblica/archivio/repubblica/2000/12/23/forza-nuova-suoi-ragazzi.html
  12. ^ http://www.perimetro.com/downloads/Massimo%20Morsello%20-%20Frammenti%20di%20cuore.pdf
  13. ^ http://ricerca.repubblica.it/repubblica/archivio/repubblica/1998/05/26/156fiore.html
  14. ^ http://ricerca.repubblica.it/repubblica/archivio/repubblica/1999/12/07/049i.html
  15. ^ (Italian) "Morsello (ex Nar) torna in Italia," Corriere della Sera (21 January 1999). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  16. ^ (Italian) Martirano Dino, "Morto a Londra Morsello fondatore di Forza Nuova," Corriere della Sera (11 March 2001). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  17. ^ (Italian) Gallo Giuliano, "Roma, naziskin a giudizio," Corriere della Sera (23 April 1999). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  18. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20090214112044/http://www.anpipianoro.it/i%20nuovi%20fascismi/La%20Forza%20nuova%20della%20fede%20antica.html
  19. ^ (Italian) "Forza nuova, 2.500 iscritti e 40 sezioni," Corriere della Sera (26 April 2001). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  20. ^ http://elezionistorico.interno.it/index.php?tpel=C&dtel=13/04/2008&tpa=I&tpe=A&lev0=0&levsut0=0&es0=S&ms=S
  21. ^ http://elezionistorico.interno.it/index.php?tpel=S&dtel=13/04/2008&tpa=I&tpe=A&lev0=0&levsut0=0&es0=S&ms=S
  22. ^ (Italian) "In Europa sbarca il «nero» Fiore, leader di Forza Nuova," Corriere della Sera (19 April 2008). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  23. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/senato/scrutini/20130224/index.html#camera/scrutini/20130224/C000000000.htm
  24. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/senato/scrutini/20130224/index.html#senato/scrutini/20130224/S000000000.htm

External links[edit]