New Hanover Township, New Jersey

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New Hanover Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of New Hanover
New Hanover Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
New Hanover Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Coordinates: 40°00′56″N 74°34′18″W / 40.015535°N 74.571657°W / 40.015535; -74.571657Coordinates: 40°00′56″N 74°34′18″W / 40.015535°N 74.571657°W / 40.015535; -74.571657[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Burlington
Royal charter December 2, 1723
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Dennis Roohr (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Adel Gianaris[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 22.395 sq mi (58.004 km2)
 • Land 22.175 sq mi (57.433 km2)
 • Water 0.220 sq mi (0.570 km2)  0.98%
Area rank 121st of 566 in state
11th of 40 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 7,385
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 7,859
 • Rank 310th of 566 in state
24th of 40 in county[11]
 • Density 333.0/sq mi (128.6/km2)
 • Density rank 469th of 566 in state
33rd of 40 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08511 - Cookstown[12]
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3400551510[13][2][14]
GNIS feature ID 0882088[15]
Website None

New Hanover Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 7,385,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 2,359 (-24.2%) from the 9,744 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 198 (+2.1%) from the 9,546 counted in the 1990 Census.[16] The township is located in the Delaware Valley.

New Hanover was originally formed by Royal charter on December 2, 1723, from portions of Chesterfield Township and Springfield Township. New Hanover was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form Pemberton borough (December 15, 1826), Pemberton Township (March 10, 1846), North Hanover Township (April 12, 1905) and Wrightstown (March 4, 1918).[17]

Fort Dix is a census-designated place (CDP) located in portions of New Hanover Township, Pemberton Township and Springfield Township, which had a 2010 Census population of 7,710.[18] McGuire AFB CDP is a CDP located in portions of New Hanover Township and North Hanover Township, with a 2010 population of 3,710.[19] Cookstown is a small unincorporated community located near Fort Dix.

Geography[edit]

New Hanover Township is located at 40°00′56″N 74°34′18″W / 40.015535°N 74.571657°W / 40.015535; -74.571657 (40.015535,-74.571657). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 22.395 square miles (58.004 km2), of which, 22.175 square miles (57.433 km2) of it was land and 0.220 square miles (0.570 km2) of it (0.98%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders North Hanover Township, Wrightstown, Pemberton Township, and Plumsted Township in Ocean County.

The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve.[20] Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.[21]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,536
1820 2,642 4.2%
1830 2,859 * 8.2%
1840 3,045 6.5%
1850 2,245 * −26.3%
1860 2,526 12.5%
1870 2,536 0.4%
1880 2,373 −6.4%
1890 1,962 −17.3%
1900 1,847 * −5.9%
1910 948 −48.7%
1920 5,606 * 491.4%
1930 646 −88.5%
1940 983 52.2%
1950 18,168 1,748.2%
1960 28,528 57.0%
1970 27,410 −3.9%
1980 14,258 −48.0%
1990 9,546 −33.0%
2000 9,744 2.1%
2010 7,385 −24.2%
Est. 2012 7,859 [10] 6.4%
Population sources: 1800-2000[22]
1800-1920[23] 1840[24]
1850-1870[25] 1850[26] 1870[27]
1880-1890[28] 1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[17]
1920 data includes 5,018 in Camp Dix.[30]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,385 people, 551 households, and 440.8 families residing in the township. The population density was 333.0 per square mile (128.6 /km2). There were 613 housing units at an average density of 27.6 per square mile (10.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 54.06% (3,992) White, 33.57% (2,479) Black or African American, 0.65% (48) Native American, 2.04% (151) Asian, 0.08% (6) Pacific Islander, 6.24% (461) from other races, and 3.36% (248) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 20.96% (1,548) of the population.[7]

There were 551 households, of which 50.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.50.[7]

In the township, 7.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 46.7% from 25 to 44, 34.2% from 45 to 64, and 3.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females there were 624.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 830.1 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,796 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,062) and the median family income was $61,083 (+/- $9,842). Males had a median income of $33,368 (+/- $5,196) versus $38,977 (+/- $6,300) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,387 (+/- $1,620). About 0.7% of families and 0.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there were 9,744 people, 1,162 households, and 991 families residing in the township. The population density was 437.3 people per square mile (168.9/km²). There were 1,381 housing units at an average density of 62.0 per square mile (23.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 64.13% White, 28.90% African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 2.66% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.40% of the population.[32][33]

There were 1,162 households out of which 60.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.1% were married couples living together, 3.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.7% were non-families. 13.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size was 3.46.[32][33]

In the township the population was spread out with 14.5% under the age of 18, 15.7% from 18 to 24, 55.4% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 1.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 401.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 561.7 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the township was $44,386, and the median income for a family was $45,511. Males had a median income of $26,428 versus $23,050 for females. The per capita income for the township was $12,140. About 3.2% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

New Hanover Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for vote each year as part of the November general election.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting held in January after each election, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, the members of the New Hanover Township Committee are Mayor Dennis Roohr (R, term of office ends December 31, 2013), George W. Ivins (R, 2014), Rick Koshak (R, 2015), Patrick Murphy (R, 2015) and Paul D. Peterla (R, 2014).[4][35][36][37]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

New Hanover Township is located in the 3rd Congressional District[38] and is part of New Jersey's 12th state legislative district.[8][39][40] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, New Hanover Township had been in the 30th state legislative district.[41]

New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township).[42] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[43][44] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[45][46]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 12th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Samuel D. Thompson (R, Old Bridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Robert D. Clifton (R, Matawan) and Ronald S. Dancer (R, Plumsted Township).[47] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[48] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[49]

Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year.[50] The board choose a director and deputy director from among its seven members at an annual reorganization meeting held in January.[50] As of 2013, Burlington County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Joseph B. Donnelly (R, 2013; Cinnaminson Township),[51] Deputy Director Leah Arter (R, 2014; Moorestown Township),[52] Aimee Belgard (D, 2015; Edgewater Park Township),[53] Joseph Howarth (R, 2014; Evesham Township)[54] and Joanne Schwartz (D, 2015; Southampton Township).[55][50]

Education[edit]

Public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the New Hanover Township School, which serves students from both New Hanover Township and Wrightstown as part of the New Hanover Township School District.[5] The school had an enrollment of 174 students as of the 2010-11 school year.[56]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students from both New Hanover Township and Wrightstown Borough attend Bordentown Regional High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship[57][58] with the Bordentown Regional School District, a regional K - 12 school district that serves students from Bordentown City, Bordentown Township and Fieldsboro Borough.[59]

Students from New Hanover Township, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township.[60]

Transportation[edit]

The township had a total of 24.13 miles (38.83 km) of roadways, of which 13.11 miles (21.10 km) are maintained by the municipality, 10.70 miles (17.22 km) by Burlington County and 0.32 miles (0.51 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[61]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service in the township on the 317 route between Asbury Park and Philadelphia.[62][63]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Esposito, Martha. "Discover Burlington County 2013: New Hanover", Burlington County Times, March 12, 2012. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of New Hanover, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for New Hanover township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for New Hanover township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Cookstown, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  13. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  15. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  17. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 97. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  18. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Fort Dix CDP, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012
  19. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for McGuire AFB CDP, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  20. ^ The Pinelands National Reserve, New Jersey Pinelands Commission. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  21. ^ Pinelands Municipalities, New Jersey Pinelands Commission, April 2003. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Burlington County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  23. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  24. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 16, 2013. Listed as "Hanover".
  25. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 264, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 16, 2013. "New Hanover township in 1850 contained a population of 2,245; in 1860, 2,529; and in 1870, 2,536. Jacobstown, Cookstown, Arneytown, Sykesville, Wrightstown, and Pointville, are in this township." The population of 2,529 shown for 1860 is three more than the amount shown in the table.
  26. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  30. ^ a b "Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I", United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed June 21, 2012. 1920 population includes 5,018 from Camp Dix.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  32. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for New Hanover township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for New Hanover township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for New Hanover township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  35. ^ November 6, 2012 Summary Report Burlington County Amended Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, December 11, 2012. Accessed November 28, 2013.
  36. ^ November 8, 2011 Summary Report Burlington County Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, November 18, 2011. Accessed November 28, 2013.
  37. ^ November 2, 2010 Summary Report Burlington County Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, December 23, 2010. Accessed November 28, 2013.
  38. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  42. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  43. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  44. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  45. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  46. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  47. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 27, 2014.
  48. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  50. ^ a b c Staff. Meet the Freeholders, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  51. ^ Joseph B. Donnelly, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
  52. ^ Leah Arter, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
  53. ^ Aimee Belgard, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  54. ^ Joseph Howarth, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
  55. ^ Joanne Schwartz, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  56. ^ Data for the New Hanover Township School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 28, 2013.
  57. ^ High School Sending Districts, Burlington County Library System, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 27, 2006. Accessed November 28, 2013.
  58. ^ Zimmaro, Mark. "Figures suggest deficit in New Hanover send-receive school proposal", Burlington County Times, December 4, 2011. Accessed June 21, 2012. "The district has been considering sending 51 middle school students to Bordentown next year, in a similar agreement the districts have with the high school students. Bordentown Regional High School receives New Hanover and Wrightstown students in a 60-year-old agreement."
  59. ^ Bordentown Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed November 28, 2013. "Bordentown Regional is a vibrant learning community, and our students engage in meaningful learning, contribute to their communities, and represent themselves, their schools and our district with distinction. The district proudly serves the communities of Fieldsboro, Bordentown City and Bordentown Township."
  60. ^ Why Choose BCIT?, Burlington County Institute of Technology. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  61. ^ Burlington County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 13, 2013.
  62. ^ Burlington County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed November 28, 2013.
  63. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 28, 2013.

External links[edit]