New Harbour, Newfoundland and Labrador
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2010)|
Nieu Hoek (Dutch)
|Local Services District|
|Province||Newfoundland and Labrador|
|• Type||Local Service District|
|• Total||3 km2 (1 sq mi)|
|• Density||580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)|
New Harbour, Newfoundland and Labrador, is a Community on the East shore of Trinity Bay, located along Provincial Route 80; Route 80's intersection with Route 73 is inside New Harbour,in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The population is about 1500.
In the past, it was a Major Ship Building Center. Schooners were built at Cat Cove,by the Newhook Family ShipBuilders. This Family descends from Charles W. Newhook (1751-99), Master ShipBuilder, who moved from Dorset, England, in 1777, to work at the Benjamin Lester Premises in Trinity. The ShipBuilding Industry harvested MastWood from the White Pine Forests, in the New Harbour Area. The forests became destroyed by the passing Coal-Fired Trains igniting Forest Fires along the way. The RailRoad Track served to provide for the transportation of Paper from the Grand Falls Mill to Hearts Content, for shipping to foreign markets. The Burnt Over land is now covered with much smaller Forests and BlueBerry Areas. While no longer a major Ship Building Center, New Harbour is home to 2 Fish Processing Plants.
New Harbour has had a variety of businesses. These include STORES of Charles Newhook, Ralph Higdon (later Wade Day), Fred Woodman, Ernest Payne Woodman, George Woodman, Neal Woodman, Charles Cranford, Rita Smith, Andrew Allen George, Leonard George, Edgar Higdon, Bob Higdon, Bramwell Pollett, Neamiah Pinsent, Gord Hillier and Albert Cranford (Cat Cove).
There has been: FURNITURE-MAKING OPERATION, in Cat Cove. MINK RANCHES - operated by Andrew Higdon and Corbett Pitcher; Andrew operated a BARBOUR SHOP also; Andrew's wife raised Rabbits. Johnny Thorne ran a Shoe Repair Shop. Leander & Maggie George operated an OSTRICH/EMU Farm. Ron Higdon and Fred Woodman built FISH PLANTS. SNACK BARS were operated by Dora Hillier, Charles Thorne, Ed George and Violet Newhook. Charles Thorne ran an Auto Body Shop. Ted Newhook ran a LIVESTOCK OPERATION/SLAUGHTERHOUSE/HAY FARM/BUTCHER SHOP/DRY CLEANING SERVICE. Mervin Higdon operated a poultry farm. Careen Woodman and Ron Higdon operated two SUPERMARKETs. Herb Williams ran a SERVICE STATION. CRANFORD HOTEL/BEER PARLOUR. Warren and Florence Sellars operated a BAR. George Garland Operated Upper Trinity South Waste Management. Gerald Goosney operated an AUTO REPAIR SHOP. Gord Hillier operated a small CLOTHING STORE.
NOW: HAIR SALONS - operated by Beverly Higdon and by Jeanette Smith. Evelyn Vokey has a BARBOUR SHOP. Brother's Don and Harry Williams run Backhoe services. There's an ART STUDIO on Higdon's Hill. The AUTO SCRAPYARD is about to be replaced by an AUTO RECYCLING OPERATION. H&B operates a HYDRO LINE SERVICE/GARAGE OPERATION. A Pitcher fellow operates a WORM BAIT SHOP. John Cranford raises HENS and other LIVESTOCK. Gordon Hefford operates a MOBILE CRANE SERVICE. Brian Thorne operates a TOPSOIL PIT Newhook STORAGE facility. Rob and Brenda Harnum HARNUM'S BAKERY. Jason and Tanya Morgan PITCHER'S BAKERY. CUSTOM CLOTHING OPERATION. Wendell Woodman is a HOUSE CONTRACTOR. Dr. Bonisteel operates a MEDICAL CLINIC in the Country Pride PHARMACY Building; Judy Harnum run a GIFT SHOP/DINER there also. The former Ralph Higdon Store Site is now the site of a SENIORS' RESIDENCE; another SENIORS' RESIDENCE is near H&B Motors. New Harbour Comfort Dental Zone DENTAL OFFICE.
The earliest settlement, by Europeans, in New Hr, are a few people who lived on the West side, near Squish Pond/Squish Mish, during the mid-1700s. Various families settled in New Hr., each in its own Room; (a Room is a few acres of land where sons, grandsons etc. all built their homes). For example, Thornes' Room fronts on the Pond; generations of Thornes have built homes on the nearby lands. Earlier family names include Williams, Newhook, Higdon, Woodman, Pollett, Cranford, Hillier, Hefford, George, Thorne. The people of New Hr. have made livings from industries such as Fishing, ShipBuilding, the Pothead Drive, Hunting, Mink Ranching, Farming and from Working Seasonally, in distant places. Most of today's Industry includes Fish Processing and Services.
Contamination at landfill site
A concern in New Harbour since the late 20th century is contamination with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) on the landfill site on the New Harbour barrens. These are located inside and perhaps in part near to New Harbour. This issue leads to other concerns, namely public health, environmental health and animals' health. People have been taking items such as copper,oil and perhaps and others for reuse from the exposed PCB-containing transformers casings at the landfill — at the time unaware of the dangers of the PCBs. A main trigger or cause for the problem was that in 1994, the PCB containing transformer casings were stored in Makinsons, Newfoundland and Labrador. They were allegedly,and very probably inadequately cleaned/treated for the PCBs, but still transported to the New Harbour barrens landfill. This has triggered the above mentioned concern, and some actual harm for the health of the surrounding environment and life. Some state that the New Harbour landfill have mutant rats the size of dogs. However, some evidence has come to light, that PCBs and of course PCB-containing transformers were transported to the landfill site, likely illegally. This may include and be backed up by the fact that the number of transformer casings found at the landfill after 1994 exceeds by far the numbers transported from Makinson's to the landfill in 1994. So more casings were obviously put there, likely before 1994. Efforts are being made by residents to have the PCBs cleaned from the landfill, but may be fully unsuccessful at times,at least in response of investigation and cleanup,but replies are coming back to those who send request. In a recent year, a significant 24 percent increase was noted in environmental petitions from the last year,probably in part concerning this problem,but other very unrelated increasing concerns are a part of this petition increase as well.
Indian and Inuit artifacts
Local church in New Harbour is St.Augustine's. It was constructed after the first church St. George's blew down in the 1880s.
- "Contaminated site in New Harbour, Newfoundland and Labrador". Office of the Auditor General of Canada. 1 October 2007.
- "New Harbour, Trinity Bay". Baccalieu Trail.
- "New Harbour - Newfoundland and Labrador". Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism Information.