New Haven, Indiana

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New Haven, Indiana
City
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°4′4″N 85°1′17″W / 41.06778°N 85.02139°W / 41.06778; -85.02139Coordinates: 41°4′4″N 85°1′17″W / 41.06778°N 85.02139°W / 41.06778; -85.02139
Country United States
State Indiana
County Allen
Township Adams, Jefferson, St. Joseph
Government
 • Mayor Terry E. McDonald (R)
 • Judge Geoff Robison
 • City Council 1st Floyd Ball
 • City Council 2nd Sarah DiGangi
 • City Council 3rd Craig Dellinger
Area[1]
 • Total 9.88 sq mi (25.59 km2)
 • Land 9.87 sq mi (25.56 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)  0.10%
Elevation 758 ft (231 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 14,794
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 15,390
 • Density 1,498.9/sq mi (578.7/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 46774
Area code(s) 260
FIPS code 18-52992[4]
GNIS feature ID 0449699[5]
Website www.newhavenin.org

New Haven is a city in Adams, Jefferson, and St. Joseph townships, Allen County, Indiana, United States. It is adjacent to the city of Fort Wayne, the second largest city in Indiana, and is situated mostly along the southern banks of the Maumee River. The population was 14,794 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

St. Louis Catholic Church, located just southeast of New Haven, is on the National Register of Historic Places.

New Haven was platted in 1839[6] by Henry Burgess and was incorporated as a town under Indiana law in 1865. It became incorporated as a city in 1963. Several homes built by the Burgess family remain in New Haven. A Burgess home on Summit Street is the oldest brick structure in Jefferson Township. Henry Burgess' son-in-law, E.W. Green built a large frame Greek Revival house on the hill above what is now Central Lutheran School. Another Burgess structure remains at the corner of Summit and Eben Streets.

New Haven's history has been shaped significantly by transportation. It was located along the Wabash and Erie Canal (the Gronauer Lock of the canal was unearthed during construction of Interstate 469 in the late-1980s, and is now on display at the Indiana State Museum in Indianapolis). Later, the city was served by the Wabash and Nickel Plate Railroads. Norfolk Southern Railway maintains a significant operation in New Haven today. U.S. Routes 24 and 30 (the historic Lincoln Highway), as well as Interstate 469, serve residents.

The Fort Wayne Railroad Historical Society operates east of New Haven on Edgerton Road. The society has restored Nickel Plate 765 built by the Lima Locomotive Works of Lima, Ohio and restored the Craigville Depot, which are housed at the New Haven site.

The historic French settlement of Besançon is on the eastern edge of New Haven along the Lincoln Highway. Saint Louis Catholic Church at Besançon is now on the National Register of Historic Places.

New Haven was the home of a weekly newspaper, Allen County Times, until the summer of 2002. The paper served New Haven, Leo-Cedarville, Grabill, Harlan, Woodburn, Hoagland, and Monroeville.

Geography[edit]

New Haven is located at 41°4′4″N 85°1′17″W / 41.06778°N 85.02139°W / 41.06778; -85.02139 (41.067648, -85.021480).[7]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 9.87 square miles (25.6 km2), all land.[1]

New Haven was the westernmost point of prehistoric glacial Lake Maumee which was an extension of Lake Erie. The bed of Lake Maumee then became the Great Black Swamp, which covered an area between New Haven and present-day Toledo, Ohio. The route of the old Lincoln Highway east of New Haven follows the southern lakebank of glacial Lake Maumee, a notable geological feature.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for New Haven, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
73
(23)
86
(30)
90
(32)
99
(37)
106
(41)
103
(39)
102
(39)
100
(38)
91
(33)
79
(26)
71
(22)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 31
(−1)
36
(2)
47
(8)
60
(16)
72
(22)
81
(27)
84
(29)
82
(28)
75
(24)
63
(17)
49
(9)
36
(2)
59.7
(15.3)
Average low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
19
(−7)
29
(−2)
38
(3)
49
(9)
59
(15)
63
(17)
60
(16)
53
(12)
42
(6)
33
(1)
22
(−6)
40.3
(4.6)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−19
(−28)
−10
(−23)
7
(−14)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
38
(3)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
−1
(−18)
−18
(−28)
−24
(−31)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.05
(52.1)
1.94
(49.3)
2.86
(72.6)
3.54
(89.9)
3.75
(95.3)
4.04
(102.6)
3.58
(90.9)
3.60
(91.4)
2.81
(71.4)
2.63
(66.8)
2.98
(75.7)
2.77
(70.4)
36.55
(928.4)
Source: The Weather Channel.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 950
1910 1,038 9.3%
1920 1,237 19.2%
1930 1,702 37.6%
1940 1,872 10.0%
1950 2,336 24.8%
1960 3,396 45.4%
1970 5,346 57.4%
1980 6,714 25.6%
1990 9,320 38.8%
2000 12,406 33.1%
2010 14,794 19.2%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 14,794 people, 5,839 households, and 3,986 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,498.9 inhabitants per square mile (578.7 /km2). There were 6,328 housing units at an average density of 641.1 per square mile (247.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.2% White, 3.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 5,839 households of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 12,406 people, 4,900 households, and 3,415 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,522.0 people per square mile (587.7/km²). There were 5,141 housing units at an average density of 630.7 per square mile (243.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.03% White, 0.67% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.95% of the population.

There were 4,900 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,802, and the median income for a family was $49,597. Males had a median income of $36,370 versus $25,280 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,960. About 4.9% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

New Haven is governed by Mayor-council government. The present Mayor is Republican Terry McDonald. Mayor McDonald was originally elected as a Democrat. Past mayors include Republican Walter Krueck, Republican Herbert Brudi, Republican Terry Werling, Democrat Eugene Taylor, and Republican Lynn Shaw. City Council President Paul Stemmler had served as Acting Mayor on the death of Walter Krueck. Judge Geoff Robison is the New Haven city judge.

Education[edit]

New Haven is in the East Allen County Schools (EACS) public school district. EACS offices are headquartered in New Haven, operating New Haven High School, New Haven Middle School, Meadowbrook Elementary School, and Highland Terrace Elementary School; a K-2 school and a 3-5 grade school began at the start of the 2011 school year. Private education is offered through two Catholic schools, Saint John the Baptist Catholic School and Saint Louis Academy, and one Lutheran school, Central Lutheran School. Allen County Public Library serves residents through the New Haven Library Branch.

Economy[edit]

New Haven is surrounded by an abundance of fertile soil, making agriculture the largest visible economic asset. Corporate headquarters of Do It Best hardware stores is located in New Haven, along with Central States Grain, a large soybean and grain processor, has its operational headquarters in New Haven. O'Neal Steel, the nation's sixth largest steel center, operates a New Haven branch. Other major employers include East Allen County Schools, Norfolk Southern, and BFGoodrich (located in nearby Woodburn, Indiana).[9]

Notable people[edit]

Bubbles Hargrave in 1914.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Griswold, Bert Joseph; Taylor, Mrs. Samuel R. (1917). The Pictorial History of Fort Wayne, Indiana: A Review of Two Centuries of Occupation of the Region about the Head of the Maumee River. Robert O. Law Company. p. 599. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Monthly Averages for New Haven, IN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-02-14. 
  9. ^ "Leading Employers In Allen County". Fort Wayne - Allen County Economic Development Alliance. 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-14. 

External links[edit]