New Haven-style pizza
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
|New Haven-style pizza|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Region or state||New Haven, Connecticut|
|Creator||Frank Pepe Pizzeria Napoletana|
|Main ingredients||Pizza dough, tomato sauce, pecorino romano|
|Cookbook:New Haven-style pizza New Haven-style pizza|
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New Haven-style pizza, locally known as apizza (pronounced "a-BEETS" [better source needed]), is a style of Neapolitan pizza common in and around New Haven, Connecticut. It originated at the Frank Pepe Pizzeria Napoletana and is now served in many other pizza restaurants in the area, most notably, Sally's Apizza, and Modern Apizza. This geographically limited pizza style has gained considerable culinary and historical importance.
In a New Haven-style pizzeria a "plain" pizza is crust, oregano, and tomato sauce with a little bit of grated pecorino romano cheese sprinkled on. Mozzarella (known as "mootz" in the local Italian dialect) is considered to be a topping; a customer who wants it must ask for it.
Pepe invented the "white clam pie." Pepe's restaurant used to serve littleneck clams on the half shell at the bar which he eventually decided to put on the pizza. The white clam pie is crust, olive oil, oregano, grated cheese, chopped garlic, and fresh littleneck clams.
What makes New Haven style pizza distinct is its thin, oblong crust, characteristic charring, chewy texture, and limited use of melting cheeses. It tends to be drier and thicker than, but closely related to, traditional New York style pizza. Both styles in turn are close descendants of the original Neapolitan style.
Cooking and serving methods
New Haven-style pizza is traditionally baked in a coal-fired oven at extremely hot temperatures in excess of 650 °F and is sold whole rather than by the slice.
Although most commonly available in the New Haven area, New Haven-style pizza has begun to spread to other parts of Connecticut. It has been available in the Italian-American areas of Bridgeport and other shoreline communities for many years. It is beginning to be served in areas typically not known for large Italian-American populations, including towns in northern and central Connecticut as well as farther away in Hood River, Oregon, Washington, DC, Chicago, Illinois, San Diego, California, West Chester, Pennsylvania, Key West, Florida, Austin, Texas, Farmington Hills, Michigan, and Tokyo, Japan.
- "Zuppardi’s Apizza in West Haven celebrates 80 years" http://www.nhregister.com/business/20141206/zuppardis-apizza-in-west-haven-celebrates-80-years
- American Eats: Pizza, The History Channel, 29 June 2006
- "American Pie". GQ Magazine. Conde Nast. June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-21. Sally's is ranked six, while Pepe's is ranked twelve, out of 25 restaurants nationally.
- Levine, Ed; Steingarten, Jeffrey (2005). Pizza: A Slice of Heaven. New York, NY: Universe Publishing. p. 24. ISBN 0-7893-1205-0.
In my experience, the perfect Neapolitan-American pizzas are made in New York City and in New Haven, Connecticut, at the towering Frank Pepe's Pizzeria and Sally's Apizza.
- Penny Pollack & Jeff Ruby (2005). Everybody Loves Pizza. Clerisy Press
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- Shelton, Jim (July 21, 2002). "You say Sally's, I say Pepe's." New Haven Register. Accessed November 2012.