New Hazelton

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Coordinates: 55°14′48.26″N 127°35′00.24″W / 55.2467389°N 127.5834000°W / 55.2467389; -127.5834000

New Hazelton
District municipality
District of New Hazelton[1]
New Hazelton is located in British Columbia
New Hazelton
New Hazelton
Coordinates: 55°14′51″N 127°35′30″W / 55.24754°N 127.59157°W / 55.24754; -127.59157
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Regional District Kitimat-Stikine
Government
 • Mayor Gail Lowry
Area
 • Land 25.64 km2 (9.90 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 627
 • Density 24.5/km2 (63/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
Postal code span V0J 2J0
Flag of Canada.svg

New Hazelton is a community on Highway 16 in northwest British Columbia, Canada. It is situated 133 km (83 mi) northeast of Terrace and 68 km (42 mi) northwest of Smithers and in 2006 had a population of 627 people.[2] New Hazelton is one of the "Three Hazeltons", the other two being the original "Old" Hazelton located 4 miles to the northwest very near to the confluence of the Skeena and Bulkley Rivers and South Hazelton, 3 miles to the west.[3]

Economy[edit]

New Hazelton is the service and commerce center for the Kispiox Valley, which includes several first nation communities as well as residents of South Hazelton and Old Hazelton. The population of this area is approximately 6500 people. Due to its location on Hwy 16 and CN Rail line, New Hazelton is home to most of the shopping, restaurants, and accommodations in the area.

The New Hazelton railway station is served by Via Rail's Jasper – Prince Rupert train.

Mayor and Council[edit]

Mayor: Gail Lowry

Councilors: Janet Wilson, Mike Weeber, Braunwyn Henwood, George Burns, Ray Sturney, Peter Newberry

Administrator: Wendy Hunt

Directions[edit]

New Hazelton is east of Kitwanga, British Columbia (48 km), Terrace, British Columbia (139), Kitimat, British Columbia (197), and Prince Rupert, British Columbia (283 km). New Hazelton is west of Moricetown, British Columbia (33 km), Smithers, British Columbia (64), Telkwa, British Columbia (81), Houston, British Columbia (130), and Prince George, British Columbia (434 km).

History[edit]

In 1911, when the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway was being constructed, there was a surge of interest in Central and Northern British Columbia, especially along the proposed route of the railway. While the Grand Trunk Pacific built many of the towns along the line, others like New Hazelton were purchased and promoted by land speculators, who bought the properties in advance of the railway.

New Hazelton was originally Lot 882 and was purchased by Robert Kelly in 1911. He had chosen the location well: it was close to the Rocher de Boule and Silver Standard mines, both of which were huge potential customers for the railway. The GTP's land commissioner, George Ryley, agreed that Lot 882 was a good location and wanted the railway to have a share in the profits from selling lots in the new townsite. Kelly refused, so Ryley found another property, Lot 851, whose owners were willing to share their profits, providing they were promised a station. Ryley made the deal and the village of South Hazelton was born.[4] When Robert Kelly learned of these new plans, he petitioned the Board of Railway Commissioners to force the GTP to build the station in New Hazelton, which was closer to the mines. The BRC decided in Kelly's favour, particularly after they heard evidence from the miners who said the cost of shipping the ore to South Hazelton would be $4 a ton more than to New Hazelton. The railway, however, ignored the directive and built the station in South Hazelton and continued to sell lots in the townsite.[4]

New Hazelton (1914)
Craddock Bridge

In 1913, to make his townsite more attractive, Robert Kelly decided to have a bridge built across Bulkley River and hired the firm of Craddock and Company to do the work. The bridge was completed that fall, but was very narrow, barely wide enough for a single vehicle. Furthermore, it was 266 feet above the water and had a tendency to sway in the gentlest of breezes. The bridge soon became shunned as even the most courageous and expert drivers felt seasick or damaged their cars while crossing it.[5]

Despite the lack of a station, New Hazelton prospered during rail construction. In 1913, it had 121 buildings and a population of 350 while South Hazelton had one tent and two restaurants. By that summer, the railway relented and built a station at New Hazelton in return for a share of three-sevenths of the profits. Robert Kelly also offered the opportunity for the people who had purchased lots in South Hazelton to transfer to New Hazelton, but the railway had no intention of letting South Hazelton to be abandoned entirely and they rejected the offer.[4] South Hazelton survived and though it was never incorporated, in 2006 it had a population of 499 people.[6]

Union Bank robberies of 1913 and 1914[edit]

Union Bank

In November 1913, the Union Bank at New Hazelton was robbed by gunmen. In the commission of the crime, a young bank teller by the name of Jock McQueen was mortally wounded. Even though a posse was swiftly formed to go after them, the bandits got away with $16,000,[7] a great deal of money in those days.

The 1st bandit to fall; Reverend Dan MacLean on right

The second robbery occurred on April 7, 1914, already a red letter day for the area as the last spike of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway was being driven 180 miles away in Fort Fraser. New Hazelton was a busy little town that morning and excitement was high over the completion of the railroad. Many residents and some visiting dignitaries were planning on taking the train to Fort Fraser to watch the ceremonies associated with the driving of the last spike. John Oliver, who would one day become premier and have the town of Oliver named after him, was one of the visitors on that historic day. Little did anyone know that an equally historic event was about to happen right there in New Hazelton, one that would be remembered in hundreds of Canadian history books. Luckily, someone was there with a camera. Those pictures would become among the most famous of that era in British Columbia.

Wounded bandits in wagon

At 10:30 that morning seven men walked up the street towards the bank, all of them were wearing long coats, but so many people were out and about that these men went unnoticed. Six of them entered the bank while the seventh stayed in front and pulled a rifle out from underneath his coat and began firing shots up the street and people dashed for cover. Inside the bank, the other six had also drawn rifles and were demanding money from the teller, Robert Bishop. Ray Fenton, the bookkeeper was also behind the counter working on the books. When the robbers demanded the money, Fenton and Bishop weren't able to oblige them. Barrie Tatchell, the bank manager, had not yet arrived and he was the only one who had the combination of the safe. Tatchell was nearby, however, and upon hearing the shots, rushed to the house of Dan "Doc" MacLean, a local minister, who was also a veterinarian. Dan had guns and knew how to use them. Across the street from the bank another resident was getting ready to defend the town: Arizona Smith, who owned the local boarding house, was running for his gun. Tatchell found Dan and Dan grabbed his Lee Enfield rifle and followed Tatchell to the place where they would make their stand, behind a large boulder of silver ore that had been donated to the town by the Silver Standard Mine.

Dead bandits on boardwalk

Soon the guard in front of the bank had three men firing at him and he called out for assistance to his companions inside. When they came out, two were killed instantly and a third was mortally wounded. The four who were remaining, all of them wounded, fled off into the nearby woods. Dan MacLean and Sperry Cline got a posse together and caught three of them, but the seventh got away. The three wounded bandits were taken to the Hazelton hospital and once they recovered they were brought to trial. Judge Young from Prince Rupert came and presided over the proceedings. It came out in court that these were the same men from the first robbery and were therefore already guilty of murder and that the bullets they were using were dumdums, a clear indication that they were willing to commit murder again. Judge Young sentenced them all to twenty years at the provincial penitentiary in New Westminster.[7]

The song "New Town" by Smithers musician Mark Perry tells the story of these events.

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • 'Ksan Historical Village is a Canadian heritage site located right where the Bulkley and Skeena rivers meet.
  • Hagwilget Canyon Bridge is one of North America's highest suspension bridges.
  • "Totem Pole Capital of the World" - tour the nearby native villages and see over four dozen classic totem poles.
  • Steelhead fishing, at the nearby Kispiox River.

Further reading[edit]

  • MacLean, Eva (1993). The Far Land. Caitlin Press. ISBN 0920576419. 
  • Leonard, Frank (1996). A Thousand Blunders: The History of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway in Northern British Columbia. UBC Press. ISBN 0-7748-0552-8. 
  • Cline, Sperry (1979). Pioneer Days in British Columbia:#5:The Bridges at Hagwilget. Heritage House. ISBN 0-9690546-2-9. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ Statistics Canada 2006 Census (June 25th, 2007) 2006 Community Profile. Retrieved on June 25, 2007
  3. ^ British Columbia.com. "New Hazelton". Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  4. ^ a b c Leonard, Frank (1996). A Thousand Blunders: The History of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway in Northern British Columbia. UBC Press. p. 222. ISBN 0-7748-0552-8. 
  5. ^ Cline, Sperry (1979). Pioneer Days in British Columbia:#5:The Bridges at Hagwilget. Heritage House. p. 35. ISBN 0-9690546-2-9. 
  6. ^ Broadband.gc.ca. "South Hazelton community demographics". Retrieved 2007-07-01. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b MacLean, Eva (1993). The Far Land. Caitlin Press. pp. 140–149. ISBN 0920576419. 

External links[edit]