New Inn, County Tipperary
The R639 (i.e. the former N8) through New Inn.
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New Inn (Irish: Loch Cheann) is a village in the barony of Middle Third, South Tipperary in Ireland. It is also part of the parish of New Inn & Knockgraffon in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly.
Location and access
It is located in the Golden Vale midway between the market and tourist towns of Cahir and Cashel. Bypassed in October 2007 by the M8, the main road through the village is a section of the R639. Two other roads, the R687 to Clonmel and the L3121 road to Golden, begin at the centre of the village.
Amenities and facilities
New Inn has three pubs, two schools, one shop, a convent and church, a Community Centre, a tennis club, and a GAA pitch, which is home to Rockwell Rovers GAA Club. To the south of the village is Outrath Co-op, which serves the large agricultural hinterland of the village. Rockwell College, a prestigious private secondary school run by the Holy Ghost Fathers, is situated 3 km (1.9 mi) from the centre of the village.
The village lies within the townland of Loughkent and the village was formerly known by this name. It is derived from Irish Loch Ceann, meaning "lake of the head". Older anglicisations include Lochken and Loghkean. Another old name for the village was Graigkent (likely from Irish Gráig Ceann, meaning "hamlet of the head"). A local legend holds that Loch Ceann pertains to a great battle fought in the area in antiquity, or during the early medieval period. According to this tale, the heads of the vanquished warriors were severed by the winners, and cast into a lake.
The road through New Inn
It is not known when the present settlement of New Inn was founded. It is not listed on either Herman Moll's 1714 map of Ireland, nor is it depicted in Taylor and Skinner's Maps of the Roads of Ireland, published in 1778. While New Inn does not appear to have existed in the 18th century, the road now known as the R639 between Cashel and Cahir clearly did. At that time the R639 was not the main Dublin to Cork route (it did not exist north of Cashel until 1739, nor south of Cahir to Fermoy until after 1811). It is probable that the present settlement developed after the turnpike road-building drive of the 18th century was substantially complete by the early 19th century, when Charles Bianconi ran regular coach services throughout the region from 1815, establishing several inns along popular routes in the process.
New Inn, 1940
In November 1940 a local woman named Moll MacArthy was murdered in a field at Marlhill. An unmarried mother of seven, MacArthy was shot in the face at close range. Her neighbour, a man named Harry Gleeson, was arrested, charged and convicted of her murder, and hanged in Dublin. The Murder of Marlhill, as the event has become known, continues to spark controversy both in the local community and historiographical circles, with many maintaining Gleeson's innocence. A book and two RTE television programmes have documented the event.
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The local GAA club Rockwell Rovers was the first ever club of its kind set up in Ireland. It was originally located in Rockwell College but moved to the village in 1932. Since 1946 the club has competed in adult competitions in both football and hurling. The colours of the club are blue and white. The club competes in the West Tipperary Divisional Championships in both codes and have won a number of championships at Junior and Intermediate level. The club's GAA pitch has undergone a major transformation in recent years and is a popular venue for championship matches. A 100 ft hurling wall was erected and is used regularly.
The club was entered in the 2009 "Celebrity Bainisteoir" competition and was managed by Andrea Roche (an award-winning Irish model). It consisted of four quarter-finals, two semi-finals, and the final. Rockwell Rovers reached the semi-final but lost to Leitrim.
New Inn Tennis Club
New Inn’s association with tennis goes back to the 1890s when Lena Rice of Marlhill House, New Inn came to the fore in the national tennis championships. In 1889 she was narrowly defeated in the final of the singles in Fitzwilliam Square in Dublin. She won the mixed doubles that same year, and the following year 1890 she achieved what no other Irish woman has achieved by winning the Wimbledon singles championship.
On 16 June 1991 the Lena Rice Trophy was presented to the club by Fr. Meehan on his own behalf and on behalf of David Joe O’ Neill. Each year the club invites all local clubs to play for the honour of winning this trophy.
An all weather surface was installed on both courts in February 2009. This was made possible by extensive fundraising by club members over several years and by grant aid from Tipperary County Council and National Lottery funding.
The parish of New Inn also includes Knockgraffon (Irish: Cnoc Rafann), a rural locality which is home to a ruined medieval church and graveyard. Knockgraffon was once a village in its own right, but the settlement was abandoned some time in the 18th century. Around 1610, the Irish historian Geoffrey Keating was appointed Parish Priest of Knockgraffon. Interesting features include a fine Motte, a church and a castle. The motte was built by the English of Leinster beside the River Suir when they were on a raid against Donal Mor O'Brien, King of Thomond, in 1192. It was given by the King to William de Braose, but later taken from him and granted to Philip of Worcester. Nearby is a ruined 13th-century nave-and-chancel church with an east window inserted in the 15th century. A few hundred yards further away is a 16th-century tower built by the Butlers.
Knockgraffon was the centre of the O'Sullivan clan's ancestral lands, until that family was displaced by the Normans in the early 13th century. In 1998, the Knockgraffon motte was purchased by an O'Sullivan (Gary Brian Sullivan of Statesboro, Georgia, US) from its Norman-Irish owner (Donal Keating of Cahir, Ireland). It is the first time that Knockgraffon has been back in O'Sullivan possession for nearly 800 years. Other townlands include: Ardneasa, Boytonrath, Chamberlainstown, Derryclooney, Garrandea, Garranlea, Lagganstown, Lough Kent, Masterstown, Marlhill, Outrath.
- Placenames Database of Ireland (see archival records)
- Taylor and Skinner's Maps of the Roads of Ireland (Dublin, 1778)
- J.H Andrews, Shapes of Ireland : Maps and Their Makers, 1564–1839 (Dublin, 1997), p. 269.
- Eileen Bell, "Lena Rice of New Inn", Tipperary Historical Journal (1988), pp. 13–14.