New Jersey Route 72
|Maintained by NJDOT|
|Length:||28.74 mi (46.25 km)|
|Existed:||1953 – present|
|West end:||Route 70 in Woodland Township|
| G.S. Pkwy. in Stafford Township
US 9 in Stafford Township
|East end:||CR 607 in Ship Bottom|
Route 72 is a state highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. It runs 28.74 mi (46.25 km) from the Four Mile Circle with Route 70 in Woodland Township in Burlington County to County Route 607 (CR 607) in Ship Bottom on Long Beach Island in Ocean County. Route 72 travels through the Pine Barrens as a two-lane undivided road. After an interchange with the Garden State Parkway, the route becomes a four- to six-lane divided highway through built-up areas of Manhawkin and crosses the Manahawkin Bay via the Manahawkin Bay Bridge onto Long Beach Island.
What is now Route 72 was originally designated as Route S40 in 1927, a spur of Route 40 (now Route 70) running from Four Mile to Manahawkin. The road was extended to Ship Bottom by 1941 before it was renumbered to Route 72 in 1953. A realignment that took place in 1969 between U.S. Route 9 and the Manahawkin Bay Bridge resulted in the designation of Route 180 on the former alignment; this road is now County Route 50. Plans in the late 1960s and the 1970s called for a proposed Route 72 freeway, running from the western terminus at Route 70 to the concurrently proposed Interstate 895 at the New Jersey Turnpike in Westampton Township, connecting Philadelphia's northern suburbs with the Jersey Shore. The freeway plans along with I-895 were canceled by the 1980s. The Manahawkin Bay Bridge underwent deck repairs completed in May 2010, with the bridge slated to be rehabilitated and a parallel span to be built to the south.
Route 72 begins at the Four Mile Circle intersection with Route 70, CR 644, and CR 646 in Woodland Township, Burlington County, heading to the southeast on Barnegat Road, a two-lane undivided road. The route passes through heavily wooded areas of the Pine Barrens that are a part of the Brendan T. Byrne State Forest. The road passes near a state hospital before coming to an intersection with the northern terminus of CR 563. Past CR 563, the route continues through the Pine Barrens, passing under an abandoned railroad line prior to a junction with CR 532. Here, Route 72 forms a concurrency with CR 532 and the road enters Barnegat Township in Ocean County, where it comes to a crossroads with CR 539. From this intersection, Route 72 and CR 532 continue to a junction with CR 610, where CR 532 splits from the route by heading to the east. A short distance later, the route intersects the western terminus of CR 554, which continues along Barnegat Road, and Route 72 turns to the south-southeast through more wooded areas.
The highway enters Stafford Township and passes to the southwest of the residential Ocean Acres community. After a junction with CR 111, Route 72 widens into a four-lane divided highway, intersecting CR 105 and CR 2 before coming to an interchange with the Garden State Parkway. Following this interchange, the route enters the Manahawkin area and widens to six lanes as it passes woods to the northeast and business areas to the southwest. Route 72 interchanges with U.S. Route 9 and continues southeast through a mix of woods and commercial areas as a four-lane road, with CR 50 (Bay Avenue) paralleling the route to the north. The road intersects CR 20 and CR 6 before it passes to the north of the Beach Haven West residential development and passes near wetlands. A road provides access to Bay Avenue before Route 72 crosses the Manahawkin Bay on the Manahawkin Bay Bridge, also known as the Dorland J. Henderson Memorial Bridge. After traversing two small islands consisting of a mix of residences and marshland, the road continues into Ship Bottom on Long Beach Island. Upon entering Ship Bottom, the route splits into a one-way pair following 9th Street eastbound and 8th Street westbound. Route 72 passes by resort businesses, intersecting CR 4 and CR 89 before ending at CR 607 a block from the Atlantic Ocean.
Route 72 is a major route providing access to Long Beach Island, a popular Jersey Shore resort, from Philadelphia via Route 70 and from New York City via the Garden State Parkway. As such, the portion of the route east of the Garden State Parkway interchange sees congestion during the summer months.
What is now Route 72 was originally designated as Route S40 in the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering. It was to be a spur of Route 40 that was to run from Route 40 at Four Mile to Route 4 (now U.S. Route 9) in Manahawkin. By 1941, the route was extended east to the intersection with Long Beach Boulevard in Ship Bottom. In the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering, Route S40 was renumbered to Route 72. By 1969, Route 72 was moved to a new alignment to the south between U.S. Route 9 and the Manahawkin Bay Bridge; the old alignment became Route 180. This route was eventually removed from the state highway system and is now County Route 50.
A freeway was originally proposed for the Route 72 corridor in the late 1960s. The Route 72 freeway was planned to run from the Four Mile Circle to the New Jersey Turnpike in Westampton Township, where it would connect to the proposed Interstate 895 that would continue to Interstate 95 near Bristol, Pennsylvania. The existing Route 72 would also be widened into a four-lane divided highway. Both I-895 and Route 72 were intended to connect Bucks County, Pennsylvania and the Willingboro area with the Jersey Shore. The proposed freeway for Route 72 was to cost $39 million. However, construction costs and the desire to use money for mass transit led to cancellation of both I-895 and the Route 72 freeway by the 1980s.
In 2000, the Manahawkin Bay Bridge was dedicated the Dorland J. Henderson Memorial Bridge in honor of Dorland J. Henderson, who was one of NJDOT’s top engineers that designed the lighting system for the Manahawkin Bay Bridge. In September 2009, the NJDOT began repairs to the deck of the Manahawkin Bay Bridge. This project, completed in May 2010, cost $4 million and received funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The Manahawkin Bay Bridge is to undergo a rehabilitation project and a parallel bridge will be built to the south. Construction is planned to begin in 2013 with completion in 2019.
||Woodland Township||0.00||0.00||Route 70||Western terminus, Four Mile Circle|
|3.43||5.52||CR 563 south (Chatsworth Road)|
|8.21||13.21||CR 532 west (Chatsworth Waretown Road) – Chatsworth||West end of CR 532 overlap|
||Barnegat Township||13.74||22.11||CR 539 (Whiting Road)|
|15.89||25.57||CR 532 east (Warren Grove-Waretown Road)||East end of CR 532 overlap|
|16.33||26.28||CR 554 east (Barnegat Road)|
|G.S. Pkwy.||GSP exit 63|
|Manahawkin Bay||26.92||43.32||Manahawkin Bay Bridge|
|Ship Bottom||28.74||46.25||CR 607 (Long Beach Boulevard)||Eastern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Route 72 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Google Inc. Google Maps – overview of New Jersey Route 72 (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=route+70+and+route+72+woodland,+nj&daddr=route+72+and+long+beach+boulevard+ship+bottom,+nj&hl=en&geocode=&mra=ls&sll=40.001265,-74.57256&sspn=0.961508,1.766052&ie=UTF8&t=h&z=10. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Strauss, Robert (August 26, 2001). "Getting There From Here Depends on Where Here Is". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-26.
- James, George (May 23, 1999). "Reaching the Beach on the Parkway Can Take a Toll". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-22.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1927, Chapter 319.
- Williams, Jimmy and Sharon. "1927 New Jersey Road Map". 1920s New Jersey Highways. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- Mid-West Map Co. (1941). Map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. http://www.mapsofpa.com/roadcart/1941_1467m.jpg. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- 1953 renumbering. New Jersey Department of Highways. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- "New Road Signs Ready in New Jersey". The New York Times. December 16, 1952. Retrieved 2009-07-20.
- Chevron Oil Company (1969). Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha.
- Milepost Log of State Highways (1969 ed.). New Jersey State Highway Department. 1969.
- "Ocean County 50 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- 1985 Regional Transportation Plan. Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. 1969.
- Master Plan for Transportation. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1972.
- Nussbaum, Paul (August 19, 1984). "Schuylkill carries the load of many routes left unbuilt". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
- "Laws of 2000, Chapter 144.". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Higgs, Larry (September 13, 2009). "Route 72 bridge repair work will begin, lane closures expected". Asbury Park Press.
- "NJDOT to begin repairs on the Route 72 Dorland J. Henderson Memorial Bridge". New Jersey Department of Transportation. September 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- "Route 72 Manahawkin Bay Bridge Deck Rehabilitation Project". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
- "Route 72 Manahawkin Bay Bridges Project - Overview". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
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