New Jersey and New York Railroad

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New Jersey and New York Railroad
Hillsdale NJ Station.jpg
The Hillsdale station house (1872) was the company headquarters[1] (photo taken 12 January 2010)
Locale Bergen County, New Jersey & Rockland County, New York
Dates of operation –1896
Predecessor Hackensack and New York Extension Railroad
Successor Erie Railroad
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Hillsdale, New Jersey
New Jersey and New York Railroad
Haverstraw (1887)
West Shore mainline
West Haverstraw (1873)
Thiells (1873)
Mount Ivy (1873)
Pomona
Summit Park
New Hempstead
Union
New City
Durant
Germonds
Bardonia
Piermont Branch (former Erie main) (to Suffern)
Spring Valley
Erie Railroad
Nanuet (burned 1991)
Piermont Branch (former Erie main) (to Piermont)
Pearl River
New Jersey/New York border
Montvale
Park Ridge (1872)
Woodcliff Lake
Hillsdale Manor
Hillsdale (1870)
Westwood
Emerson
Oradell
New Milford
River Edge (burned 1901, rebuilt 1902)
North Hackensack (1870, demolished 1978)
Fairmount Avenue (1870)
Anderson Street (1869, burned 2009)
Central Avenue (1870, closed 1953)
NYS&W mainline
Essex Street (1861, 1893, burned 1970)
Williams Avenue (station house demolished 1967)
Hasbrouck Heights (closed 1967)[2]
Wood-Ridge (station house demolished 1967)[2]
Carlstadt (closed 1967)[2]
Erie (to Jersey City)

The New Jersey and New York Railroad (NJ&NY) was a railroad company that operated north from Rutherford, New Jersey, to Haverstraw, New York beginning in the mid-to-late 19th century.[3][4] The line was originally chartered as the Hackensack and New York Railroad (H&NY) in 1856. The H&NY would eventually run from Rutherford to Hackensack, New Jersey. In 1866 under the leadership of David P. Patterson the company was rechartered as the Hackensack and New York Extension Railroad and it extended its line north of Hackensack. It later reorganized as the New Jersey and New York Railroad. The line reached the town of Haverstraw, New York by 1870,[1] the village of West Haverstraw by 1873, and the village of Haverstraw by 1887.[3] The NJ&NY was in turn leased for 99 years by the Erie Railroad in 1896.[2] The NJ&NY continued to exist as an Erie subsidiary until the 1960 merger that created the Erie Lackawanna Railroad. In 1976 the Erie Lackawanna was merged with several other railroads to create Conrail. In 1983, after several years under operation by Conrail, operations of the Pascack Valley Line were transferred to New Jersey Transit Rail Operations.[5] The segments of the two former railroad lines in New York: north of Spring Valley to Haverstraw and north of Nanuet to New City; are no longer in service.

In 1956 NJ&NY reported 4.4 million net ton-miles of revenue freight and 21 million passenger-miles on 39 miles of railroad.

Stations[edit]

A typical NJ&NY station in the 1900s or 1910s had a gable or hip roof and often had board and batten siding. The larger and more elaborate station at Hillsdale served as the company headquarters and was built in a mixture of the Second Empire and Stick-Eastlake architectural styles. Early photographs of stations along the NJ&NY line include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mrnarevic, Karen F. (10 December 2009). "Hillsdale's history 'tied' to the railroad". Pascack Valley Community Life (NorthJersey.com). Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d Jones, Wilson E. (1996). The Pascack Valley Line - A History of the New Jersey and New York Railroad. East Hanover, New Jersey: Railroadians of America. ISBN 0-941652-14-9. 
  3. ^ a b "Town of Haverstraw: History (page 3)". Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  4. ^ Please see the 1891 maps of West Haverstraw and Haverstraw village at: Bayley, Don. "Haverstraw Brickmaking". Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  5. ^ Havilland, Pierce. "The Pascack Valley Line". Retrieved 2010-11-08. 

External links[edit]