New Madrid, Missouri

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New Madrid, Missouri
City
New Madrid, facing away from the Mississippi
New Madrid, facing away from the Mississippi
Location of New Madrid, Missouri
Location of New Madrid, Missouri
Coordinates: 36°35′16″N 89°32′9″W / 36.58778°N 89.53583°W / 36.58778; -89.53583Coordinates: 36°35′16″N 89°32′9″W / 36.58778°N 89.53583°W / 36.58778; -89.53583
Country United States
State Missouri
County New Madrid
Area[1]
 • Total 4.53 sq mi (11.73 km2)
 • Land 4.49 sq mi (11.63 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation 295 ft (90 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,116
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,052
 • Density 694.0/sq mi (268.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63869
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-52076[4]
GNIS feature ID 0723282[5]
Website http://www.new-madrid.mo.us/

New Madrid (pronounced /nj ˈmædrɨd/ new-MAD-rid) is a city in New Madrid County, Missouri, United States. It is 42 miles (68 km) south by west of Cairo, Illinois, on the Mississippi River.

Settlement history[edit]

New Madrid was founded in 1776 to 1778 by Spanish Governor Esteban Rodríguez Miró who welcomed Anglo-Saxon settlers but required them to become citizens of Spain and live under the guidance of his appointed empresario, Revolutionary War veteran Colonel William Morgan of New Jersey, who contracted a number of American families to settle at New Madrid. Some 2,000 settled in the region. In 1800, Spain traded the territory to France in the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, who promptly sold it to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.[6]

The city is remembered as being the nearby location for the Mississippi River military engagement, the Battle of Island Number Ten, during the Civil War.

At the turn of the 20th century, New Madrid contained two lumber mills, a grist mill, stave and heading factory, cotton gin, two Protestant, one Catholic and two black churches.[7] In 1900, 1,489 people lived in New Madrid, Missouri; in 1910, the population was 1,882. The population was 3,116 at the 2010 census. New Madrid is the county seat of New Madrid County.[8] This county seat is home to the consolidated middle and high schools.

New Madrid Fault and earthquake history[edit]

The area is famous for being the site of a series of over 1,000 earthquakes in 1811 and 1812, ranging up to approximately magnitude 8, the most powerful non-subduction zone earthquake recorded in the United States. New Madrid, Missouri lies far away from any plate boundaries, although it lies on what is called the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The earthquake was felt as far away as the East Coast.[9]

Geography[edit]

New Madrid is located at 36°35′16″N 89°32′9″W / 36.58778°N 89.53583°W / 36.58778; -89.53583 (36.59, -89.54)[10]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.53 square miles (11.73 km2), of which, 4.49 square miles (11.63 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, New Madrid has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

Climate data for New Madrid, Missouri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(42)
8
(47)
14
(57)
21
(69)
26
(78)
31
(87)
33
(91)
32
(89)
28
(82)
22
(71)
14
(58)
8
(46)
20.3
(68.1)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(26)
−2
(29)
3
(38)
9
(48)
14
(58)
19
(66)
21
(70)
20
(68)
16
(60)
9
(48)
4
(39)
−2
(29)
9
(48.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 91
(3.6)
89
(3.5)
117
(4.6)
132
(5.2)
132
(5.2)
99
(3.9)
99
(3.9)
64
(2.5)
100
(4)
97
(3.8)
114
(4.5)
114
(4.5)
1,248
(49.2)
Source: Weatherbase [12]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,116 people, 1,276 households, and 809 families residing in the city. The population density was 694.0 inhabitants per square mile (268.0 /km2). There were 1,424 housing units at an average density of 317.1 per square mile (122.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.3% White, 25.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 1,276 households of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.6% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,334 people, 1,275 households, and 882 families residing in the city. The population density was 738.3 people per square mile (284.8/km²). There were 1,414 housing units at an average density of 313.1 per square mile (120.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.56% White, 26.48% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 1,275 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,422, and the median income for a family was $34,464. Males had a median income of $30,705 versus $21,045 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,639. About 22.6% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.9% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Fehrenbach, T. R. Lone Star, a History of Texas and the Texans. New York: Wings Books, 1968, 112.
  7. ^ Williams, Walter (1904). The State of Missouri. p. 459. 
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  9. ^ United States Geological Survey. "Historic Earthquakes". Retrieved 25 April 2008. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for New Madrid, Missouir
  12. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on October 25, 2013.

External links[edit]