New Market, Alabama

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New Market, Alabama
CDP
Location in Madison County and the state of Alabama
Location in Madison County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 34°54′22″N 86°25′34″W / 34.90611°N 86.42611°W / 34.90611; -86.42611
Country United States
State Alabama
County Madison
Area
 • Total 17.5 sq mi (45.4 km2)
 • Land 17.5 sq mi (45.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 758 ft (231 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,597
 • Density 91/sq mi (35/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 35761
Area code(s) 256
FIPS code 01-54312
GNIS feature ID 0155175

New Market is a census-designated place (CDP) in Madison County, Alabama, United States, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP is 1,597.[1] Although it was the first area settled in Madison County, the town has never been incorporated.

History[edit]

In the early 19th century, several persons from Tennessee explored the area just across the border in what eventually became Madison County in Alabama. Isaac and Joseph Criner also explored the area and, in 1805, settled in the northern part near what is now called Mountain Fork of the Flint River. Later settlers gave the name New Market to the community.[2]

On January 30, 1966, the coldest temperature ever to be recorded in Alabama was recorded in New Market, at -27 °F.

Four sites in New Market are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: the New Market Historic District, New Market Presbyterian Church, New Market United Methodist Church, and the Whitman-Cobb House.[3]

Geography[edit]

New Market is located at 34°54′23″N 86°25′34″W / 34.90639°N 86.42611°W / 34.90639; -86.42611 (34.906295, -86.426170).[4]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 17.5 square miles (45 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 450
1970 726 61.3%
1980 983 35.4%
1990 1,094 11.3%
2000 1,864 70.4%
2010 1,597 −14.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,864 people, 692 households, and 534 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 108.4 people per square mile (41.8/km²). There were 787 housing units at an average density of 45.8 per square mile (17.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.18% White, 6.28% Black or African American, 2.25% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 1.34% from other races, and 2.79% from two or more races. 3.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 692 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 35.2% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $42,985, and the median income for a family was $46,696. Males had a median income of $36,204 versus $18,188 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,799. About 7.5% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Public Services[edit]

Water service in the New Market area is run by the Madison County Water Authority. Sewer service is unavailable. Huntsville Utilities provides electric service.

The Madison County Sheriff's Department administers law and order in the community, and the New Market Volunteer Fire Department provides fire protection.

Education[edit]

New Market is home to several schools run by the Madison County School System.

K-8 Schools

  • New Market School
  • Walnut Grove Elementary School

Middle Schools

  • Buckhorn Middle School

High Schools

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  2. ^ Taylor, James Jones; The History of Madison County, handwritten 1880-1886, transcribed and bound for the Huntsville-Madison County Library, 1940
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 34°54′23″N 86°25′34″W / 34.906295°N 86.42617°W / 34.906295; -86.42617