New Market and Head House

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New Market
Head House and Market Shed.jpg
Head House (left) and market sheds (right) (2013)
New Market and Head House is located in Philadelphia
New Market and Head House
Location S. 2nd St., between Pine & Lombard Sts.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°56′35″N 75°8′43″W / 39.94306°N 75.14528°W / 39.94306; -75.14528
Area 2 acres (0.81 ha)
Built Market: 1745
Head House: 1804
Architect unknown
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body local
NRHP Reference # 66000686[1]
Added to NRHP November 13, 1966

New Market, as it was originally known, later also known as Head House (or Headhouse) Market and Second Street Market, is a historic street market on S. 2nd Street between Pine and Lombard Streets in the Society Hill neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

History[edit]

Established on Lombard Street in 1745 by mayor Edward Shippen and Joseph Wharton, a wealthy merchant[2] and named "New Market" to distinguish it from the established market on High (now Market) St., the market was used well into the 19th century. It originally consisted of 16 stalls[2] created by two rows of brick pillars supporting a gable roof and arched ceiling over an open market area, known as the Shambles. By 1797 it had extended to South Street, where it ended in a firehouse, which was later demolished, and eventually extended north to Pine Street as well.[2]

In 1804 the Head House, a Georgian-style brick firehouse with Federal-style ornamentation, was built at the north end of the market; the building's cupola once housed a firebell.[2] The firehouse is the oldest extent in the United States, and is now used as a community center. The market structure was demolished in 1950 but rebuilt in the early 1960s, and the Head House was restored.

The area around the building, known as Head House Square, features cobblestone streets and a park, as well as one of the oldest continuously run farmer's markets in the nation. The farmer's market is open on Saturdays and Sundays from the first week in May through the week before Christmas, from 10 am to 2 pm, selling locally grown produce and other farm products.

The site was declared a National Historic Landmark on November 13, 1966.[3] It is a contributing property of the Head House Square National Historic District. It was restored in 1994 by the Head House Conservancy, a non-profit organization.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gallery, John Andrew, ed. (2004). Philadelphia Architecture: A Guide to the City (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Foundation for Architecture. ISBN 0962290815. , p.25
  3. ^ Listing at National Park Service

External links[edit]