New Martyr

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The title of New Martyr or Neomartyr (Greek: νεο-, neo, the prefix for "new"; and μάρτυς, martys, "witness") of the Eastern Orthodox Church was originally given to martyrs who died under heretical rulers[citation needed] (the original martyrs being under pagans). Later the Church added to the list those martyred under Islam and various modern regimes, especially Communist ones, which espoused state atheism. Officially, the era of the New Martyrs begins with the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Among those commemorated are not only those who gave their lives in martyrdom, but also those who are accounted as confessors for the Orthodox Faith.
Some New Martyrs are anonymous or known with non-Christian names, as they died withoud being officially baptized. According to the Orthodox belief, they were baptized in their own blood when executed.

New Martyrs under Ottoman rule[edit]

The first new martyrs were recorded after the Seljuk invasion of Asia Minor (11th century).[1] In the Orthodox Church, the third Sunday after Pentecost is known as the "Commemoration of All New Martyrs of the Turkish Yoke."[citation needed]

New Martyrs under Communist rule[edit]

In the Russian Orthodox Church, the Sunday closest to January 25 (February 7 on the Gregorian Calendar) is the "Sunday of the Holy New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia." The date of January 25 was chosen because that was the date in 1918 of the martyrdom of St. Vladimir (Bogoiavlensikii), Metropolitan of Kiev, who is referred to as the "Protomartyr of the communist yoke in Russia."

New Martyrs under Nazism[edit]

Serbian New Martyrs[edit]

The feast of "All New Martyrs of Serbia" is celebrated on June 28 [O.S. June 15].

New Martyrs of the Boxer Rebellion[edit]

June 24 [O.S. June 11] is celebrated as the feast of the "New Martyrs of China Slain During the Boxer Rebellion"

Other New Martyrs[edit]

In Austria-Hungary[edit]

In Russia[edit]

Both martyrs listed above are not glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church yet despite widespread popular worship.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Derived with permission from New Martyrs at OrthodoxWiki.
  • Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity, 341-43
  • Vaporis, Rev. Nomikos Michael. Witnesses for Christ: Orthodox Christian Neomartyrs of the Ottoman Period 1437-1860

References[edit]

External links[edit]