New Milton

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For the community in the United States, see New Milton, West Virginia.
New Milton
Station Road, New Milton.jpg
New Milton town centre
New Milton is located in Hampshire
New Milton
New Milton
 New Milton shown within Hampshire
Population 25,717 [1]
OS grid reference SZ244948
Civil parish New Milton
District New Forest
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEW MILTON
Postcode district BH25
Dialling code 01425
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament New Forest West
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 50°45′08″N 1°39′16″W / 50.7522°N 1.6544°W / 50.7522; -1.6544

New Milton is a market town in south west Hampshire, England. Situated on the edge of the New Forest, the town is about 6 miles (10 km) west of Lymington town centre and 12 miles (19 km) east of Bournemouth town centre. The town has a high street and holds a market every Wednesday.

History[edit]

New Milton dates back to Anglo-Saxon times, and encompasses Old Milton, Barton on Sea, Ashley, Bashley, and Wootton. It is recorded as having a population of 25,717 in the 2011 census.[1]

Milton[edit]

The manor of Milton ("Mildeltune") is listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 and literally means "Middle farm." It was part of the lands belonging to Hugh de Port, and the estate was held from him by William Chernet.[2] The Chernet family maintained possession of Milton into the 13th century, although lesser families were managing the estate on their behalf.[2] The most important of these were the Chaucombe (or Chalcombe) family, who were probably the first people to build a church in Milton in the mid 13th century.[3] In 1303 Thomas de Chaucombe was given permission to hold a weekly market on Tuesdays at Milton, as well as an annual fair on the feast day of Mary Magdalene, but this attempt to create a market town seems to have failed.[3] From 1365 to 1565, the manor was in the possession of the Tyrrell family.[2] The manor passed through various hands in subsequent centuries. The last significant owners were the Bursey family in the 19th century, and in the 1890s the remaining lands of the estate were subdivided and sold.[2] In close proximity to Milton was the manor of Fernhill. In the Domesday book, it was held by Nigel from Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury.[2] In the 15th century, John Fromond, the owner of this scattered estate, willed the lands to Winchester College, in whose hands the estate remained down to the 19th century.[2] Another estate called "Gore" appeared by the 15th century,[2] and still survives (partially) as a farm to the west of the town.

Remnant of the village green in Old Milton

The traditional village centre of Milton was just south of the church. Up to the 1960s, moated earthworks were still visible next to the road known as Moat Lane. Excavations of these earthworks in 1956 revealed a series of peasant enclosures and hut remains dating from the 9th to the 12th century, but no evidence of a manorial farmstead was found.[4] The parish church of Milton is dedicated to Mary Magdalene and consists of a chancel with vestry, a nave and a western tower. The medieval church was pulled down and replaced around 1830, although the tower is of an earlier 17th century date.[2] In 1835 a Church of England National School was founded on an island of land near the village green,[5] where children were taught until just after World War I.[6] In 1881, the population of the entire Milton parish was only 1489 people, and Milton was still a small village.[7] The location of the village on the main Christchurch to Lymington road (now the A337) meant that there were two coaching inns - The Wheatsheaf and The George - the former of which is still operating.

New Milton[edit]

In March 1888 New Milton railway station was opened, which is still in operation today. A new town developed, which expanded rapidly with the coming of the railway and the name New Milton was used for the first time and can originally be traced back to the Post Office that stood opposite the railway station. In 1895, the owner of the Post Office, Emma Newhook, commissioned a sign, which read - "New Milton Sub Post Office" to differentiate it from the post office in Old Milton. This was officially accepted in 1896, and so the name New Milton caught on. Much of the local farmland has been developed, first in the 1960s for commuter housing and again in the 1970s for small industrial/trade units. There is a mix of housing from cottages on the outskirts to more modern, urban housing in the central area. Milton village subsequently became known as Old Milton, and lies between New Milton and Barton on Sea.

There are few notable architectural points of interest in the local area. However, a distinctive row of Coast Guard Cottages is to be found in Barton Lane, Barton on Sea; these were built at the end of the nineteenth century by the Government of the day to house armed guards to try to stop the smuggling that was rife at the time. The Barton on Sea and Mudeford coastline was renowned for smuggling with many of the offshore seaways and routes to shore being named after well known local smuggling families. It was in this context that Frederick Marryat, author of The Children of the New Forest, was sent on patrol here as a young naval lieutenant in 1821, to watch over the Christchurch Bay area.[8] Britain's first reinforced concrete bridge was built in 1901 just outside New Milton at Chewton.[9] There was an earlier experiment in building with this material in its unreinforced form at Sway (Sway Tower). Also built in 1900 was the Tudor style water tower, which can be found in Osborne Road. It has a staircase and is constructed with a turret, slit windows and battlements. It is a striking orange-red colour, was built from locally manufactured bricks.[10]

New Milton water tower

On 23 August 1940, 8 August 1942 and 22 January 1943 bombing raids were carried out upon New Milton by the German Luftwaffe. The town's water tower was suggested as the target. During the Second World War, New Milton homed evacuees and was a transit station for soldiers going to the battlefields. It also had an army hospital. It was a favourite for the American airmen who were based at the nearby airfields at Lymington and Holmsley.

The Memorial Centre in Whitefield Road commemorates those who died in the raids, as well as townspeople who have died more recently. Bricks can be purchased for inscription and insertion into the wall of the Memorial Room, which stands to the left of the front door and contains mementos saved from the original building, which was destroyed by fire in the 1970s.

Barton on Sea[edit]

Main article: Barton on Sea

Once a coastal village, Barton on Sea is nowadays included as a suburb of New Milton. During the First World War, Barton Court Hotel became a convalescent home for Indian service men and this is commemorated by an obelisk in the village.[11]

While Barton is a common English place-name, the etymology of Barton-on-Sea is unique. It means "Beorma’s Farm", and appears twice in the Domesday Book, as Bermintune and as Burmintune.[12]

The coast at Barton on Sea is particularly well known for its geological content, being home to many fossils in the Barton geological beds. The cliff tops are home to a scenic golf course. A cliff-top path runs between Barton and the village of Milford on Sea. From there, the Solent Way stretches all the way to Emsworth, on the West Sussex border. It is also well known for the fact that it was the first place in England to try out rock groynes.[by whom?]

Ashley[edit]

Main article: Ashley, New Forest

To the east of New Milton is the village of Ashley, which also has a history dating back to the Domesday Book. Today Ashley is effectively a suburb of New Milton, albeit with its own shops, churches, and primary schools. In the late 15th century the manor of Ashley was joined with part of another manor northeast of the parish called Arnewood, and the combined estate became known as Ashley Arnewood. The estate of Ashley Arnewood has long since disappeared, but the name Arnewood still lives on in the name of New Milton's secondary school (The Arnewood School), and the name of one of the health centres.

Activities[edit]

Tourist attractions include the Sammy Miller Motorcycle museum, situated on the corner of Stem Lane, which is regarded as the leading collection of motorcycles and accompanying memorabilia in the country.

The Forest Arts Centre, formerly known as the New Milton Drama Centre, is situated at the end of Old Milton Road. It comprises several exhibition and activity rooms, a bar area and the main 150 seat studio theatre. It hosts a wide range of performances, including multi genre music, theatre, comedy, dance, films, literature - as well as putting on an array of activities and workshops for people in the community of all ages. Performers have included Hugh Dennis, Harry Hill, Frank Skinner, Russell Howard, Simon Amstell, Phil Jupitus, John Hegley and Alun Cochrane.

The Memorial Centre also hosts various activities, including painting, dancing, indoor bowls, yoga, model car racing, and the Decorative and Fine Arts Society. It contains one of the largest function rooms in the local area, seating 350, with a raised stage. It also has two further rooms for hire upstairs, and there is a platform lift for disabled access. The newly formed Friends group is promoting involvement of local schools and businesses, and is currently refurbishing the Centre to make it more attractive to hirers.

Cliffs and beach at Barton on Sea.

Sport and leisure[edit]

New Milton has a Non-League football club New Milton Town F.C., which plays at Fawcett's Field.

The town's leisure amenities include: a park with children's play area, a skate park and full size basketball court, Fawcett playing fields, a community centre, tennis courts, a bowls club, a library and a sports centre, including swimming pool, sauna, gym, squash courts and multi-activity sports hall. Being near the New Forest, the town is also a good location to be based for walking, cycling and riding. There are many holiday and caravan parks in the surrounding area.

Education[edit]

The local state schools are

  • New Milton Infant School
  • New Milton Junior School
  • Ashley Infant School
  • Ashley Junior School
  • The Arnewood School

There are also a selection of independent schools.

Around New Milton colleges include Brockenhurst College and Totton College.

Famous residents[edit]

Twin town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h William Page (editor), 1912, A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 5, Victoria County History
  3. ^ a b A. T. Lloyd, J. E. S. Brooks, (1996), The History of New Milton and its Surrounding Area, Centenary Edition, page 21
  4. ^ A. T. Lloyd, J. E. S. Brooks, (1996), The History of New Milton and its Surrounding Area, Centenary Edition, page 16
  5. ^ A. T. Lloyd, J. E. S. Brooks, (1996), The History of New Milton and its Surrounding Area, Centenary Edition, page 35
  6. ^ A. T. Lloyd, J. E. S. Brooks, (1996), The History of New Milton and its Surrounding Area, Centenary Edition, page 37
  7. ^ A. T. Lloyd, J. E. S. Brooks, (1996), The History of New Milton and its Surrounding Area, Centenary Edition, page 41
  8. ^ A. T. Lloyd, J. E. S. Brooks, (1996), The History of New Milton and its Surrounding Area, Centenary Edition, page 29
  9. ^ A. T. Lloyd, J. E. S. Brooks, (1996), The History of New Milton and its Surrounding Area, Centenary Edition, page 50
  10. ^ Watertower - newmilton.org
  11. ^ http://www.bartononsea.org.uk/History.htm
  12. ^ Barton-on-Sea History
  13. ^ Songstress Rumer's triumphant homecoming to New Milton, Southern Daily Echo, 8 December 2011, retrieved 19 May 2012
  14. ^ Rumer, New Milton Memorial Centre, Bournemouth Daily Echo, 8 December 2011, retrieved 19 May 2012

External links[edit]