New Norfolk, Tasmania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from New Norfolk)
Jump to: navigation, search
New Norfolk
Tasmania
New Norfolk, Tasmania.JPG
New Norfolk town in Autumn
New Norfolk is located in Tasmania
New Norfolk
New Norfolk
Coordinates 42°46′58″S 147°03′34″E / 42.78278°S 147.05944°E / -42.78278; 147.05944Coordinates: 42°46′58″S 147°03′34″E / 42.78278°S 147.05944°E / -42.78278; 147.05944
Population 5,230 (2006 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 7140
Location
LGA(s) Derwent Valley Council
State electorate(s) Lyons
Federal Division(s) Lyons

New Norfolk is a town on the Derwent River, in the south-east of Tasmania, Australia. At the 2011 census, New Norfolk had a population of 5,543.[1]

Situated 32 km north-west of Hobart on the Lyell Highway, New Norfolk is a modern Australian regional centre which retains evidence of its pioneer heritage. Two examples of this heritage are Tasmania's oldest Anglican church, Saint Matthews (built in 1823) and Australia's oldest hotel, The Bush Inn, trading continuously in the same building since 1815 using the same licence of 29 September 1825.[2] Many private homes from the 1820s have also survived.

History[edit]

Resettlement of Norfolk Islanders[edit]

Oast houses in New Norfolk

Approximately 163 of the towns' pioneers were from the 554 folk resettled from Norfolk Island during the period of 29 November 1807 to 2 October 1808.[3] These Norfolk Islanders were mainly farming families, who were offered extra acres in Tasmania as an incentive to relocate.

The climate was colder than sub-tropical Norfolk Island, which proved a challenge for the hardy pioneers during the first few years, but eventually the district became self-supporting. In 1825 the people named the town New Norfolk in honour of their former home.

Many founding folk were indeed "First Fleeters" as Norfolk Island was founded just a few weeks after Sydney, and Governor Collins likely knew of some individuals from his earlier days in Sydney. Ten First Fleeters are buried in the Methodist Chapel at Lawitta, New Norfolk.

Notable is Betty King, née Elizabeth Thackery, a first fleet convict girl who married at New Norfolk on the 28th January 1810. The headstone on Betty's well-tended grave reads, "The first white woman to set foot in Australia" from the First Fleet at Sydney Cove. She is also believed to be the last surviving First Fleeter, male or female, when she died at 89 years of age on 7 August 1856.

Her husband was Marine Private Samuel King of the First Marine Regiment another First Fleeter who arrived aboard the warship "Sirius". Sam King was the last male "First Fleeter" to survive until 21 October 1849, aged 86 years.

Eight other First Fleeters are Ellen Guy (née Wainright), William Dempsey, William Edmunds, William Foyle, Abraham Hand, Stephen Martin, John Ruglass, and Edward Westlake.

The pioneers were successful farmers of the rich land around the town. Hop plants were introduced in 1846, and became an important crop. There remain a number of hop drying kilns or "oast houses" in the area.[4]

Later history[edit]

The first road connecting the town to Hobart was built in 1818.

On 19 April 1827, Governor George Arthur issued an order to create the Willow Court infirmary, later known as the Royal Derwent Hospital, as an asylum to accept sick and invalid convicts from Hobart, Launceston and outstations. Willow Court is now a large antiques centre.

The New Norfolk Post Office opened on 1 June 1832.[5]

For some years after 1848, New Norfolk was the place of exile of the Irish nationalist leader Terence MacManus. His cottage "Kilburn Grange" still stands. Later he was joined by his fellow Irish rebel, William Smith O'Brien.

In 1887, the railway, now preserved as the Derwent Valley Railway, was built.

In 1888, Australia's first telephone trunk call was connected from Hobart to the Bush Inn Hotel in New Norfolk.[4]

During the 1940s, a newsprint mill was established at nearby Boyer, boosting industry in the local area.

Transport[edit]

New Norfolk is located on the Lyell Highway the main east-west highway in the southern half of the state, running from Hobart to Strahan on the west coast. It is in fact the only east-west road in the southern half of Tasmania.

A rail link was opened in 1887 but was closed in 1995 when floods and declining usage made repairs uneconomic. The line has been used for tourist trips by the Derwent Valley Railway but this has not been possible since 2005 due to lack of support for track maintenance.

New Norfolk is only 55 km from Hobart International Airport which services the southern half of the state.

Tourism[edit]

New Norfolk from Pulpit Rock Lockout

New Norfolk is a central location for tourism in the upper Derwent Valley.

New Norfolk is near the tourist attractions of Mount Field, Lake Pedder, Strathgordon, Gordon Dam hydroelectric site, and the South West Wilderness. The Tourist Information Centre staffed by volunteers is located in Circle Street next to the Council Chambers at the top end of High Street.

In 2013 Martin Cash Pizza was voted best pizza maker in Tasmania.

Climate[edit]

New Norfolk is the warmest area of Tasmania in summer and has a cool temperate climate.

Climate data for New Norfolk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.4
(102.9)
39.4
(102.9)
37.8
(100)
29.0
(84.2)
23.8
(74.8)
19.6
(67.3)
20.0
(68)
23.1
(73.6)
27.6
(81.7)
31.1
(88)
36.1
(97)
37.2
(99)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
25.0
(77)
22.2
(72)
18.3
(64.9)
14.2
(57.6)
11.0
(51.8)
9.9
(49.8)
10.9
(51.6)
14.5
(58.1)
17.6
(63.7)
19.3
(66.7)
22.7
(72.9)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
11.3
(52.3)
9.5
(49.1)
7.0
(44.6)
4.4
(39.9)
2.1
(35.8)
1.3
(34.3)
2.2
(36)
4.5
(40.1)
6.2
(43.2)
8.2
(46.8)
9.8
(49.6)
6.6
(43.9)
Record low °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
2.0
(35.6)
0.3
(32.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
−5.7
(21.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−2.8
(27)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
0.0
(32)
1.2
(34.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 39.8
(1.567)
34.6
(1.362)
38.7
(1.524)
47.6
(1.874)
44.0
(1.732)
48.6
(1.913)
48.4
(1.906)
46.6
(1.835)
49.0
(1.929)
55.0
(2.165)
47.2
(1.858)
49.6
(1.953)
548.9
(21.61)
Avg. precipitation days 8.0 6.8 8.8 10.1 11.1 12.0 13.0 13.9 13.2 13.8 12.0 10.8 133.5
Source: [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "New Norfolk (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Bush Inn holds title of Australia’s oldest pub". Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  3. ^ New Norfolk History 1986 ISBN 1 86252 303
  4. ^ a b "Derwent Valley". University of Tasmania. 2006. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 
  5. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Climate statistics for New Norfolk". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  • Fellowship of First Fleeters.
  • New Norfolk's History and Achievements by Joe Cowburn and Rita Cox 1986

External links[edit]