Noida

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Noida
नोएडा
Nickname(s): IT Capital of NCR
Noida is located in Uttar Pradesh
Noida
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°19′E / 28.57°N 77.32°E / 28.57; 77.32Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°19′E / 28.57°N 77.32°E / 28.57; 77.32
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Gautam Buddh Nagar
Area
 • Total 203 km2 (78 sq mi)
Elevation 200 m (700 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 642,381
 • Rank 66th
 • Density 2,463/km2 (6,380/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 201301/07/09
Telephone code 0120
Vehicle registration UP-16
Website noidaauthorityonline.com

Noida (Hindi: नोएडा, transliteration: Noeḍā), short for the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority, is a city in India under the management of the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (also called NOIDA). It is part of National Capital Region of India. Noida came into administrative existence on 17 April 1976 and celebrates 17 April as "Noida Day". It was set up as part of an urbanization thrust during the controversial Emergency period (1975–1977). The city was created under the UP Industrial Area Development Act.The city has the highest per capita income in the whole National Capital Region. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Noida in 2011 is 642,381;[1] of which male and female are 352,577 and 289,804 respectively.[2]

Noida is located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state. The district's administrative headquarters are in the nearby town of Greater Noida. However, the district's highest government official, the District Magistrate (DM), resides in Noida. The city is a part of the Noida Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituency and Gautam Buddha Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency). Mahesh Sharma of the BJP is the current MP of Noida.[3]

Geography[edit]

Noida is located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state India. Noida is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of New Delhi, 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of the district headquarters, Greater Noida and 457 kilometres (284 mi) northwest of the state capital, Lucknow. It is bound on the west and south-west by the Yamuna River, on the north and north-west by the city of Delhi, on the north-east by the cities of Delhi and Ghaziabad, India and on the north-east, east and south-east by the Hindon River. Noida falls under the catchment area of the Yamuna river, and is located on the old river bed. The soil is rich and loamy[dubious ].The city is also famous for its wide roads, excellent maintenance and modern lifestyle.

Flora and Fauna[edit]

Since Noida can also be termed as situated on the tail of Aravali, Keeker is found everywhere. Other common trees are Neem, Peepal, Banyan, Sheesham that grow naturally. But recent urbanization has introduced Laburnam, Red Cotton, and other trees by the road side. People take lot of interest in planting Amaltash and Gulmohar.

There are various types of grasses that grow naturally on the free ground, as this land was perfect for agriculture before construction work took over. Farming was in full swing, Sugarcane, wheat and vegitables were grown in great extent along with Mango, Jamun and Guavas.

You can record a great number of birds in Noida, sparrows, crows, mynahs, bulbuls, kingfishers, Prinias, bushchats can be spotted anywhere, however with the careful eyes one can also see, Barbets, Munias, and wheateaters. Okla Bird Santuary is once such place to go and do bird watching and it has great number of birds varying from Cormorants, to Jacanaa and Seagulls. More than 55 species are always present and around the same number is seasonal and can be spotted from Set-Nov. Surajkund Santuary, Village areas are not far of for nature viewing.

Apart from Birds, in the morning hours once can spot brown Cobra, rat snakes and other raptiles like Goahs. Some mammals like Jackals, and Neelgai (Blue Bull) can easily be seen in the cultuivated areas in Greater Noida and towards Noida Extension and in Okhla Bird Santuary.

Villages in Noida City[edit]

The area that is now Noida once was even closer to Delhi culturally before Punjabi inhibitants ran in from Pakistan. The reason lied in the fact that the villages in Delhi as well as in Noida shared a common lineage from Rajasthan, and the same is true for neighboring villages of Haryana. For example all the village settled across Ganga Canal were the Rajputs who cam to fight Babur and settled as time passsed. Even, in the muslim population 'Maharana Pratap' is revered since they are the converts of Rajputs. Before the Partition of India many villages of Noida had large Muslim populations but most of the population moved away after 1947. Noida originally consisted of around 100 villages, but now comes under the Gautum Buddh Nagar District of Uttar Pradesh.

Noida rural villages have population belonging to various castes. Few of the Villages in Noida are:

  • Naya Bans - Sector 15
  • Mamoora - Sector 66
  • Harola – Sector 2
  • Chaura – sector 22
  • Nithari – Sector 31
  • Morna – Sector 35
  • Chhalera – Sector 44
  • Sadarpur – Sector 45
  • Barola – Sectors 49, 50, 78
  • Rasulpur Nawada – Sector 62
  • Chhajarsi – Sector 63
  • Sarfabad – Sector 73
  • Shahdra – Sector 141
  • Kakrala – Near Sector 80
  • Salarpur – Sector 81
  • Bhangel – Sector 102
  • Sorkha jahidabad – Sectors 77, 117
  • Garhi Chaukhandi – Sector 68
  • Parthala Khanjarpur – Sector 122
  • Hazipur-Sector 104
  • Gejha-Sector 93
  • Raipur-Sector-126.
  • Sultanpur-Sector 128
  • Shahpur-Sector 128
  • Nangli Wazidpur – Sector 135
  • Hoshiyarpur - sector 51
  • Bahlolpur- sector 63A
  • Gijhore - Sector-53
  • raghunathpur
  • mamura 2

Climate[edit]

In summer, i.e. from March to June, the weather remains hot and temperature ranges from maximum of 48 °C to minimum of 28 °C.

Monsoon season prevails during mid June to mid September.

The cold waves from the Himalayan region makes the winters in Noida chilly and harsh. Temperatures fall down to as low as 3 to 4 °C at the peak of winters. Noida also has fog and smog[citation needed] problems. In January, a dense fog envelopes the city, reducing visibility on the streets.

Climate data for Noida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
24
(75)
30
(86)
36
(97)
46
(115)
47
(117)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
35
(95)
29
(84)
23
(73)
32.8
(91.1)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(45)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
27
(81)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
12
(54)
08
(46)
18.8
(66)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25
(0.98)
22
(0.87)
17
(0.67)
7
(0.28)
8
(0.31)
65
(2.56)
211
(8.31)
173
(6.81)
150
(5.91)
31
(1.22)
1
(0.04)
5
(0.2)
715
(28.16)
Source: Noida Weather

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Noida had a population of 642,381, out of which males were 352,577 and females were 289,804. The literacy rate was 88.58 per cent.[4] There are people of almost all major religions like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism etc. residing in the city with their own places of worship at different parts of the city. Some of the famous temples out of the numerous ones present in the city are Sai Baba Temple in Sector-61, Hanuman temple in Sector-22 & ISKCON temple in Sector-33. A Shia Jama Masjid in Sector-50 and a Catholic Church in Sector-34 are also well known.

Infrastructure[edit]

Green Noida Clean Noida Slogan

Noida stands at 17th place when it comes to cleanliness of a city in India.[5] The creation of associated physical infrastructure is higher in Noida and Greater Noida.[6] Most of the land in Noida is not very fertile and the agricultural output is low. It is in the flood plains of the Yamuna river on one side and the Hindon river on the other. Many villages are visible from the Noida Expressway, beginning from the Mahamaya flyover to Greater Noida on both sides. One end of Taj expressway terminates on Noida Expressway near Hindon river and other at Agra. Up until the 1980s these villages were flooded every 2–3 years, resulting in people temporarily moving to other places in Noida, and even as far as Mehrauli in Delhi.

Education[edit]

Noida is the location of Uttar Pradesh Technical University and various other colleges affiliated to it. It is also home to many prestigious centres of higher learning, including NIET Noida Institute of Engineering & Technology, Amity University, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Jaipuria Institute of Management, and JSS Academy of Technnical Education. Even IIM Lucknow has its extension campus in Noida. Asian Academy of Film & Television, a film school is also located in Noida. Guitarmonk, guitar school in Noida. Noida has many reputed schools like Army Public School Noida, Delhi Public School Noida, its first and only Convent School, Assisi apart from Somerville School Noida, Kothari International, Amity International, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Vishwa Bharti Public School, Cambridge School & a lot more.

Economy[edit]

The Great India Place mall
IT Park
Logix Cyber Park
IT Park

Noida is a major hub for multinational firms outsourcing IT services e.g. Sapient, Fiserv, Headstrong, EXL Service, First Flight Courier LTD, Students-Leads, IBM, Miracle, AON Hewitt, Fujitsu, CSC, TCS, WIPRO, Padma Infocom, HCL, Tech Mahindra, Adobe Systems, Ericsson, Dell, Sparta Consulting, Patni Computers, Corbus, Accenture, Samsung etc. Many large software and business process outsourcing companies have their offices in the city.

Energy and Power Utility companies such as Reliance Infrastructure, NTPC Limited, Tata Power, Gas Authority of India Limited, Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Oil India Limited, Samsung Engineering, BGR Energy Systems Ltd have their corporate offices in Noida.

Many other companies have their Indian branch offices in Noida, because of many factors, including its Special Economic Zone status, its suburban atmosphere and its proximity to Delhi. Noida also hosts the head office of the Software Technology Park, which was established by the Government of India to promote the software industry. In the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Sector 135 along the expressway TCS, Accenture, Genpect and Steria have started their offices.

Noida is a major hub of industry. Noida has quickly emerged as a hub for automobile ancillary units, with companies like Escorts, Honda-SIEL, Moriroku Technology India Pvt Ltd and New Holland Tractors (JV of FIAT with Ford). A Daewoo plant was also located in the city, but has since closed. Various MNCs and major manufacturers like Alstom, ISGEC, LG, Samsung, Barclays, Ericsson and music company T-Series also have their corporate offices in the city.

Film city, established by Sandeep Marwah, is a hub for major news channels and studios. News channels such as Zee News, NDTV, TV Today group, CNN-IBN, CNBC, NewsX, India TV are situated here. Noida's proximity to Delhi, which is the political hub of the country, makes it an attractive destination for news channels. Commercial activities have also risen in recent years, with a spate of new malls and multiplexes.

Development in industry, commerce and trade have led Noida to be a model city in UP. It is a major revenue earner for the government through taxes. The Noida model is now being replicated across various cities in UP, with a proactive development agency working to achieve high growth rates for business, industry and commercial ventures.

Shopping arcades[edit]

  • The Great India Place (GIP), Sector 38 A (near Sector 18)
  • Garden Galleria, Sector 38 A [Construction Mode] - {The Great India Place Phase-2}
  • The Mall of India Sector 18 [Construction Mode]
  • Centrestage Mall, Sector 18,
  • The Spice World Mall, Sector 25A, (near Noida stadium)
  • Shopprix Mall, Sector 61
  • Sab Mall, Sector 18
  • Atta Market, Sector 18

Hotels[edit]

  • Radisson Blu, Sector 18
  • Park Plaza, Sector 55
  • Fortune Inn Grazia, Sector 27
  • Nirula's, Sector 2
  • Park Ascent, Sector 62
  • Mosaic, Sector 18
  • Suraj K Mad., Sector 22
  • Ansal Plaza, Near Pari Chowk, Greater Noida
  • The Stellar Gymkhana Club,Near Pari Chowk,Greater Noida
  • Hyatt (currently under construction)
  • Orange Pie, Sector-66

Real estate issues[edit]

In 2005, Noida Authority announced the construction of the world's tallest building (of 135 stories) as part of the ambitious Noida City Center development project. While the proposal was still in preliminary stage, the Noida Authority came under fire and the project was shelved indefinitely,[7][8][9] due to protests from its citizens concerned about its controversial nature, due to the fact that the city does not have the geographical or administrative infrastructure to handle a 1 km tall building. Noida comes under Seismic Zone 4, which along with the loose soil and sand of the Yamuna river bed, means that a building collapse in an earthquake situation is a distinct possibility. It was felt that the city needed to focus on solving basic problems, like low water quality, security, traffic management and intermittent power supply before looking at grandiose projects of dubious value to the city.

In 2006, the massive sealing drive by the MCD in adjoining Delhi, forced traders to shut shops in Delhi and move to other locations. Gurgaon and Noida were the favoured destinations for such people, pushing property rates, both commercial and residential, further up. In November 2006, the Sector 18 market, a prime commercial area, set a new record for land rates in the NCR region with a plot of land being sold at an astronomical Rs. 650,000 per square meter, (approx $15,276 per square meter), a rate that compares well against the highest rates of real estate across the major cities of the world including New York, Tokyo, Singapore and Hong Kong[citation needed].

Due to a rapid industrialization and urbanization in Noida and increasing infrastructure requirements, a lot of private housing players have become active in the region. But the intermittent reports of corruption and bending of laws for their own profit have created doubts of trustworthiness and quality in the mind of property purchasers.[10][11] Time and again the woes of the buyers makes national news.[12][13]


The latest issue which is going to impact the upcoming housing projects in Noida is an order from National Green Tribunal, directing Noida Authority to not issue completion certificates for any project falling within a radius of 10 km from Okhla Bird Sanctuary.[14] This has a potential to impact 4000 home buyers who are eagerly awaiting the delivery of their dream homes.

Sports[edit]

In 2005, the city hosted the Noida Half-Marathon and the city's maiden international exposure, the Queen's Baton Relay for the Commonwealth Games. The cycling competition for 2010 commonwealth games was held at NOIDA-Greater Noida express way. The Noida Golf Course is situated on the southern end of the city, and boasts an 18 hole par 72 course. In 2011, Greater Noida hosted the inaugural Formula One Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit constructed by Jaypee Group. The circuit is the first of its kind in South Asia.

Transport[edit]

Delhi Metro[edit]

Noida has been put on the fast track for the Delhi Metro. The Metro, which was earlier slated to enter Noida in 2011, opened officially on 12 November 2009, 10 months before the Commonwealth Games. Through Delhi Metro, Noida is now connected to Connaught Place, New Delhi, via Barakhambha Road, IP Estate and Akshardham Complex. The Metro connects NOIDA to Vaishali, through the Yamuna Bank interchange station. A part of this link opened on 11 November 2006. Metro will be further expanded in the city and will go to Greater Noida. Recently, two new extension of Noida Metro has been approved up to 'Sector 62, Noida' from 'Noida City Center' and up to Jasola in New Delhi from 'Botanical Garden, Noida'.

Road[edit]

Noida features three main expressways. One is the DND Flyway, which connects Noida and Delhi, runs across the river Yamuna, and receives heavy patronage from office-goers in the city. The second is the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway and the third is the Yamuna Expressway which connects Noida to Agra via Mathura. The Delhi eastern peripheral Road, Upper Ganga Canal Expressway and the Ganga Expressway are the three proposed expressways which will be passing the city. The area adjacent to the NGN Expressway has seen heavy residential development in recent years. It also has many wide 6-Lane roads across the city. An elevated Road is also planned.

UPSRTC, DTC and private buses ply through various routes in the city. Taxi, autorickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available for short-distance transport.

Rail/Air[edit]

Noida is not connected by railways directly, but there are railway stations nearby reachable by road, including Ghaziabad and Anand Vihar. However, New Delhi Railway Station and Old Delhi Railway station (both accessible through Metro) are the main railway stations ones used most often by commuters to reach Noida. The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi. Noida administration is planning to construct a helipad in Sector 128 from the airport to Noida and from Noida to Agra[citation needed].

Parks and recreation in Noida[edit]

List of Birds can be tracked in the Okhla Bird Sanctuary

The Okhla Bird Sanctuary(OBS)[15] is at the entrance of the city at the point where river Yamuna enters the state of Uttar Pradesh from the state of Delhi. The Okhla Barrage over the river yamuna has created the unique position of the OBS which attract various species of birds. OBS is among the 466 Important bird areas in the India. About 323 various bird species are seen in the sanctuary, about 50% of the species are migratory birds.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]