Noida

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Noida
नोएडा
Nickname(s): IT Capital of NCR
Noida is located in Uttar Pradesh
Noida
Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°19′E / 28.57°N 77.32°E / 28.57; 77.32Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°19′E / 28.57°N 77.32°E / 28.57; 77.32
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Gautam Buddh Nagar
Area
 • Total 203 km2 (78 sq mi)
Elevation 200 m (700 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 642,381
 • Rank 66th
 • Density 2,463/km2 (6,380/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 201301/07/09
Telephone code 0120
Vehicle registration UP-16
Website noidaauthorityonline.com

Noida (Hindi: नोएडा, transliteration: Noeḍā), short for the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority, is a city in India under the management of the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (also called NOIDA). Noida came into administrative existence on 17 April 1976 and celebrates 17 April as "Noida Day". It was set up as part of an urbanization thrust during the controversial Emergency period (1975–1977). The city was created under the UP Industrial Area Development Act.The city has the highest per capita income in the whole National Capital Region. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Noida in 2011 is 642,381; of which male and female are 352,577 and 289,804 respectively.[1]

Noida is located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state. The district's administrative headquarters are in the nearby town of Greater Noida. However, the district's highest government official, the District Magistrate (DM), resides in Noida. The city is a part of the Noida Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituency and Gautam Buddh Nagar Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituency. Mahesh Sharma of the BJP is the current MLA of Noida.[2]

Geography[edit]

Noida is located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state India. Noida is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of New Delhi, 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of the district headquarters, Greater Noida and 457 kilometres (284 mi) northwest of the state capital, Lucknow. It is bound on the west and south-west by the Yamuna River, on the north and north-west by the city of Delhi, on the north-east by the cities of Delhi and Ghaziabad, India and on the north-east, east and south-east by the Hindon River. Noida falls under the catchment area of the Yamuna river, and is located on the old river bed. The soil is rich and loamy[dubious ].The city is also famous for its wide roads, excellent maintenance and modern lifestyle.

Noida extension[edit]

Noida extension is a part of Greater Noida, in Gautam Budh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh and consists of 16 villages.[3] All sectors under Noida Extension (Sector 1 to 4) are very much a part of the Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority (GNIDA).[4]

As of late 2012, plans are being formed to rename it to Greater Noida(West).[5] This area was primarily envisioned to provide planned housing for about a million middle and upper middle class citizen in the NCR region.

It is planned to have excellent connectivity to the other parts of the region using Metro, road and rail[citation needed]. Systematic infrastructure developments and vision to create a residential and commercial spaces in the same region fueled its realty and commercial growth. Planned IT parks and industries in this area along with innumerable housing projects are important avenues for providing employment in this region. This area, however, is touched by land acquisition issues. Approval to the development master plan by NCR planning board has paved way for rapid infrastructure, social and cultural development in this area. GNIDA declared its plans to extend the Noida City Centre line to Noida Extension with DMRC and further till BODAKI in PPP model to fuel the growth prospects in this area. Noida Extension has re-established itself as an excellently connected, planned yet affordable housing destination for urban dwellers in NCR region. 16 villages in Noida Extension are Shahberi, Devia, Patwari, Ghanghola, Bisrakh, Roza-Yakoobpur, Haibatpur, Itaidha, Patwari, Noida, Aminabad, Khairpur, Asadallapur and Chipyana Buzurg.[6]

Villages in Noida City[edit]

Before the Partition of India many villages of Noida had large Muslim populations but most of the population moved away after 1947. Noida originally consisted of around 100 villages, but now comes under the Gautum Buddh Nagar District of Uttar Pradesh.

Noida rural villages have population belonging to various castes, Rajputs, Yadavs, Gujjars however Brahmins are in majority.[7]

List of Property in Noida[edit]

Climate[edit]

In summer, i.e. from March to June, the weather remains hot and temperature ranges from maximum of 48°C to minimum of 28°C.

Monsoon season prevails during mid June to mid September.

The cold waves from the Himalayan region makes the winters in Noida chilly and harsh. Temperatures fall down to as low as 3 to 4°C at the peak of winters. Noida also has fog and smog[citation needed] problems. In January, a dense fog envelopes the city, reducing visibility on the streets.


Climate data for Noida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
24
(75)
30
(86)
36
(97)
41
(106)
40
(104)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
35
(95)
29
(84)
23
(73)
31.8
(89.3)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(45)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
27
(81)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
12
(54)
08
(46)
18.8
(66)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25
(0.98)
22
(0.87)
17
(0.67)
7
(0.28)
8
(0.31)
65
(2.56)
211
(8.31)
173
(6.81)
150
(5.91)
31
(1.22)
1
(0.04)
5
(0.2)
715
(28.16)
Source: Noida Weather

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Noida had a population of 642,381, out of which males were 352,577 and females were 289,804. The literacy rate was 88.58 per cent.[8] There are people of almost all major religions like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Parsis etc. residing in the city with their own places of worship at different parts of the city. Some of the famous temples out of the numerous ones present in the city are Sai Baba Temple in Sector-52, Hanuman temple in Sector-22 & ISKON temple in Sector-33. A Shia Jama Masjid in Sector-50 and a Catholic Church in Sector-34 is also present in the city.

Religions in Noida[citation needed]
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
80%
Muslims
  
16%
Jains
  
1.4%
Others†
  
2.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Infrastructure[edit]

Green noida Clean noida slogan.jpg

Noida stands at 17th place when it comes to cleanliness of a city in India; by comparison, Gurgaon and Faridabad in the National Capital Region stand at 87th and 237 respectively.[9] The creation of associated physical infrastructure is higher in Noida and Greater Noida. Gurgaon and Faridabad are at the opposite spectrum.[10] Most of the land in Noida is not very fertile and the agricultural output is low. It is in the flood plains of the Yamuna river on one side and the Hindon river on the other. Many villages are visible from the Noida Expressway, beginning from the Mahamaya flyover to Greater Noida on both sides. One end of Taj expressway terminates on Noida Expressway near Hindon river and other at Agra. Up until the 1980s these villages were flooded every 2–3 years, resulting in people temporarily moving to other places in Noida, and even as far as Mehrauli in Delhi.

Education[edit]

Noida is the location of Uttar Pradesh Technical University and various other colleges affiliated to it. It is also home to many prestigious centres of higher learning, including Amity University, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Jaipuria Institute of Management, and JSS Academy of Technnical Education. Even IIM Lucknow has its extension campus in Noida. Asian Academy of Film & Television, a film school is also located in Noida. Noida has many reputed schools like Delhi Public School Noida, Somerville School Noida, Kothari International, Amity International, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Vishwa Bharti Public School, Cambridge School & a lot more.

Economy[edit]

The Great India Place mall
IT Park
Logix Cyber Park
IT Park

Noida is a major hub for multinational firms outsourcing IT services e.g. Sapient, Fiserv , Headstrong, EXL Service, First Flight Courier LTD, IBM, Miracle, AON Hewitt, Fujitsu, CSC, TCS, WIPRO, HCL, Tech Mahindra, Adobe Systems, Ericsson, Dell, Sparta Consulting, Patni Computers, Corbus, Accenture, Samsung etc. Many large software and business process outsourcing companies have their offices in the city.

Energy and Power Utility companies such as Reliance Infrastructure, NTPC Limited, Tata Power, Gas Authority of India Limited, Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Oil India Limited, Samsung Engineering, BGR Energy Systems Ltd have their corporate offices in Noida.

Many other companies have their Indian branch offices in Noida, because of many factors, including its Special Economic Zone status, its suburban atmosphere and its proximity to Delhi. Noida also hosts the head office of the Software Technology Park, which was established by the Government of India to promote the software industry. In the Special Economic Zone(SEZ) Sector 135 along the expressway TCS, Accenture, Genpect and Steria have started their offices.

Noida is a major hub of industry. Noida has quickly emerged as a hub for automobile ancillary units, with companies like Escorts, Honda-SIEL, Moriroku Technology India Pvt Ltd and New Holland Tractors (JV of FIAT with Ford). A Daewoo plant was also located in the city, but has since closed. Various MNCs and major manufacturers like Alstom, ISGEC, LG, Samsung,Barclays, Ericsson and music company T-Series also have their corporate offices in the city.

Film city, established by Sandeep Marwah, is a hub for major news channels and studios. News channels such as Zee News, NDTV, TV Today group, CNN-IBN, CNBC, NewsX, India TV are situated here. Noida's proximity to Delhi, which is the political hub of the country, makes it an attractive destination for news channels. Commercial activities have also risen in recent years, with a spate of new malls and multiplexes.

Development in industry, commerce and trade have led Noida to be a model city in UP. It is a major revenue earner for the government through taxes. The Noida model is now being replicated across various cities in UP, with a proactive development agency working to achieve high growth rates for business, industry and commercial ventures.

Shopping arcades[edit]

  • The Great India Place (GIP), Sector 38 A (near Sector 18)
  • Garden Galleria, Sector 38 A [Construction Mode] - {The Great India Place Phase-2}
  • The Mall of India Sector 18 [Construction Mode]
  • Centrestage Mall, Sector 18,
  • The Spice World Mall, Sector 25A, (near Noida stadium)
  • Shopprix Mall, Sector 61
  • Sab Mall, Sector 18
  • Atta Market, Sector 18

Hotels[edit]

Real estate issues[edit]

In 2005, Noida Authority announced the construction of the world's tallest building (of 135 stories) as part of the ambitious Noida City Center development project. While the proposal was still in preliminary stage, the Noida Authority came under fire and the project was shelved indefinitely,[11][12][13] due to protests from its citizens concerned about its controversial nature, due to the fact that the city does not have the geographical or administrative infrastructure to handle a 1 km tall building. Noida comes under Seismic Zone 4, which along with the loose soil and sand of the Yamuna river bed, means that a building collapse in an earthquake situation is a distinct possibility. It was felt that the city needed to focus on solving basic problems, like low water quality, security, traffic management and intermittent power supply before looking at grandiose projects of dubious value to the city.

In 2006, the massive sealing drive by the MCD in adjoining Delhi, forced traders to shut shops in Delhi and move to other locations. Gurgaon and Noida were the favoured destinations for such people, pushing property rates, both commercial and residential, further up. In November 2006, the Sector 18 market, a prime commercial area, set a new record for land rates in the NCR region with a plot of land being sold at an astronomical Rs. 650,000 per square meter, (approx $15,276 per square meter), a rate that compares well against the highest rates of real estate across the major cities of the world including New York, Tokyo, Singapore and Hong Kong[citation needed].

Sports[edit]

In 2005, the city hosted the Noida Half-Marathon and the city's maiden international exposure, the Queen's Baton Relay for the Commonwealth Games. The cycling competition for 2010 commonwealth games was held at NOIDA-Greater Noida express way. The Noida Golf Course is situated on the southern end of the city, and boasts a 18 hole par 72 course. In 2011, Greater Noida hosted the inaugural Formula One Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit constructed by Jaypee Group. The circuit is the first of its kind in South Asia.

Transport[edit]

Delhi Metro[edit]

Noida has been put on the fast track for the Delhi Metro. The Metro, which was earlier slated to enter Noida in 2011, opened officially on 12 November 2009, 10 months before the Commonwealth Games. Through Delhi Metro, Noida is now connected to Connaught Place, New Delhi, via Barakhambha Road, IP Estate and Akshardham Complex. The Metro connects NOIDA to Vaishali, through the Yamuna Bank interchange station. A part of this link opened on 11 November 2006. Metro will be further expanded in the city and will go to Greater Noida. Recently, two new extension of Noida Metro has been approved up to 'Sector 62, Noida' from 'Noida City Center' and up to Jasola in New Delhi from 'Botanical Garden, Noida'.

Road[edit]

Noida features three main expressways. One is the DND Flyway, which connects Noida and Delhi, runs across the river Yamuna, and receives heavy patronage from office-goers in the city. The second is the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway and the third is the Yamuna Expressway which connects Noida to Agra via Mathura. The Delhi eastern peripheral Road, Upper Ganga Canal Expressway and the Ganga Expressway are the three proposed expressways which will be passing the city. The area adjacent to the NGN Expressway has seen heavy residential development in recent years. It also has many wide 6-Lane roads across the city. An elevated Road is also planned.

UPSRTC, DTC and private buses ply through various routes in the city. Taxi, autorickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available for short-distance transport.

Rail/Air[edit]

Noida is not connected by railways directly, but there are railway stations nearby reachable by road, including Ghaziabad and Anand Vihar. However, New Delhi Railway Station and Old Delhi Railway station (both accessible through Metro) are the main railway stations ones used most often by commuters to reach Noida. The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi. Noida administration is planning to construct a helipad in Sector 128 from the airport to Noida and from Noida to Agra[citation needed].

Parks and recreation in Noida[edit]

List of Birds can be tracked in the Okhla Bird Sanctuary

The Okhla Bird Sanctuary(OBS)[14] is at the entrance of the city at the point where river Yamuna enters the state of Uttar Pradesh from the state of Delhi. The Okhla Barrage over the river yamuna has created the unique position of the OBS which attract various species of birds. OBS is among the 466 Important bird areas in the India. About 323 various bird species are seen in the sanctuary, about 50% of the species are migratory birds.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/108-noida.html
  2. ^ Noida’s first MLA has his task cut out. Hindustan Times. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  3. ^ Noida Extension: On track. Indian Express (2012-09-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  4. ^ Noida Extension: On track. Indian Express (2012-09-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  5. ^ "Noida Extension row". 
  6. ^ The number game at Noida Extension property. The Talking Brick (2013-03-28). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  7. ^ 'गुणा, भाग, जोड़' से निकालते जीत का तोड़ - - Navbharat Times. Navbharattimes.indiatimes.com (2012-01-23). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  8. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  9. ^ "Article view". Epaper.amarujala.com. 2010-05-13. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  10. ^ The uneven growth in NCR. Financialexpress.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  11. ^ The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Delhi and neighbourhood
  12. ^ Digg – India's Modern Architectural Wonders
  13. ^ Noida Community Portal – NoidaScoop.com | "Almost" Official News, Reviews, Comments, And Discussion Space For Noida & NCR Region
  14. ^ http://obs-up.com.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]