New Orleans-class cruiser (1896)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
USS New Orleans (1898-1929).jpg
Class overview
Name: New Orleans-class
Builders: Armstrong Whitworth, Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Operators:  United States Navy
Built: 1895–1899
In commission: 1898–1922
Completed: 2
Scrapped: 2
General characteristics [1]
Type: Protected cruiser
Displacement: 3,769 long tons (3,829 t)
Length: 354 ft 5 in (108.03 m)
Beam: 43 ft 9 in (13.34 m)
Draft: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Propulsion: 4 × double-ended coal-fired Scotch marine boilers
2 × Inverted vertical triple expansion engines (by Humphreys & Tennant in New Orleans, Hawthorn Leslie in Albany)
7,500 hp (5,593 kW)
twin screws
822 tons of coal
Speed: 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Complement: 366
Armament:
Armor:
  • Harvey armor
  • 4 in (100 mm) shields
  • 6 in (150 mm) conning tower
  • 4 in (100 mm) & 2 34 in (70 mm) deck

The New Orleans-class of protected cruisers of the United States Navy comprised only two ships which were fitting out or building for the Brazilian Navy at Elswick, near Newcastle Upon Tyne, England, by Armstrong Whitworth. The Brazilian Navy had ordered three Elswick cruisers, but already sold the first ship during building to Chile. One ship was delivered to Brazil named Almirante Barroso. The third ship was fitting out as Amazonas and another was on order as Almirante Abreu.

On 16 March 1898 the United States Navy purchased the un-delivered ships to prevent them from being acquired by the Spanish Navy shortly before the Spanish-American War.

Ships[edit]

The Amazonas served as USS New Orleans (CL-22) in the Spanish-American War, World War I and the Russian civil war in Siberia.[2]

The Almirante Abreu became USS Albany (CL-23) and was too late to see service in the Spanish-American War. She served first in the Philippine-American War and then in World War I and the Russian civil war in Siberia.[3]

In 1920 they were classified as gunboats, but in 1921 were reclassified as light cruisers. Both cruisers were decommissioned in 1922 and were sold for scrapping in 1930.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Protected Cruisers of the 1880s-90s". cityofart.net. 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "USS New Orleans". history.navy.mil. 2007. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "USS Albany". history.navy.mil. 2004. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to New Orleans class cruiser (1896) at Wikimedia Commons