New Party (Republic of China)
|Politics of the Republic of China
|New Party (Republic of China)|
The New Party (NP), formerly the Chinese New Party (CNP), is a centre-right conservative political party in the Republic of China (ROC, commonly known as "Taiwan"), and part of the pan-blue coalition.
The New Party was formed out of a split from the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT) by members of the New Kuomintang Alliance in August 1993. Members of the Alliance had accused KMT Chairman Lee Teng-hui of autocratic tendencies and moving the party away from Chinese reunification. Originally, the party wanted to keep the name of the faction, but was prevented from doing so due to the similarity of names. The name "New Party" was seemingly inspired by the contemporary electoral success of the Japan New Party ("Nihon Shintō"; see Politics of Japan).
In the mid-1990s, the New Party attracted support from the KMT old guard as well as young urban professionals. The New Party was aided by former Finance Minister Wang Chien-shien and former Environmental Protection Administration Director Chao Shaokong, who had charismatic and clean images.
In the 2000 presidential election, the party nominated writer and dissident Li Ao who ran a spirited but token campaign. In the election, most members of the party supported James Soong, and in fact both Li Ao and the chairman of the New Party encouraged people to do so. In the 2001 Legislative Yuan election, the party only won 1 seat in Kinmen.
In the 2006 elections, the New Party made significant gains, seating over a dozen members into public office. The New Party also gained four seats in Taipei Major private offices.
In the 2008 and 2012 Legislative Yuan elections, the party didn't win any seat.
|Election||Candidate||Running mate||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome|
|2000||Li Ao||Elmer Fung Hu-hsiang||16,782||0.13%||Lost|
|Election||Total seats won||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election||Election leader|
|1995||1,222,931||13.0%||21 seats; Opposition||Chen Kuei-miao|
|1998||708,465||7.1%||10 seats; Opposition||Chou Yang-shan|
|2001||269,620||2.9%||8 seats; Governing coalition (Pan-Blue)||Yok Mu-ming|
|2004||12,137||0.13%||; Governing coalition (Pan-Blue)||Yok Mu-ming|
|2008||199,402||53.5%||1 seats; No seats||Yok Mu-ming|
|2012||10,678||0.08%||; No seats||Yok Mu-ming|
- History of the Republic of China
- Politics of the Republic of China
- Elections in the Republic of China
- List of political parties in the Republic of China
- Political divisions of the Republic of China
- Political status of Taiwan