New Providence, New Jersey

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New Providence, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of New Providence
A public space for outdoor ceremonies
A public space for outdoor ceremonies
Map of New Providence in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in New Jersey
Map of New Providence in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in New Jersey
Census Bureau map of New Providence, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of New Providence, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°41′56″N 74°24′24″W / 40.69889°N 74.406623°W / 40.69889; -74.406623Coordinates: 40°41′56″N 74°24′24″W / 40.69889°N 74.406623°W / 40.69889; -74.406623[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated March 14, 1899
Government[6]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor J. Brooke Hern (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Douglas R. Marvin[4]
 • Clerk Wendi B. Barry[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 3.665 sq mi (9.492 km2)
 • Land 3.640 sq mi (9.428 km2)
 • Water 0.025 sq mi (0.064 km2)  0.67%
Area rank 308th of 566 in state
14th of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 217 ft (66 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 12,171
 • Estimate (2012[12]) 12,385
 • Rank 201st of 566 in state
16th of 21 in county[13]
 • Density 3,343.4/sq mi (1,290.9/km2)
 • Density rank 196th of 566 in state
17th of 21 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07974[14][15]
Area code(s) 908 and 973[16]
FIPS code 3403951810[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID 0885321[19][2]
Website http://www.newprov.org

New Providence is a borough on the northwestern edge of Union County, New Jersey, United States. It is located on the Passaic River, which forms the county boundary with Morris County. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 12,171,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 264 (+2.2%) from the 11,907 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 468 (+4.1%) from the 11,439 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Geography[edit]

New Providence is located at 40°41′56″N 74°24′24″W / 40.69889°N 74.406623°W / 40.69889; -74.406623 (40.69889,-74.406623). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.665 square miles (9.492 km2), of which, 3.640 square miles (9.428 km2) of it is land and 0.025 square miles (0.064 km2) of it (0.67%) is water.[2][1]

New Providence is bordered to the north by Chatham Township, across the Passaic River Berkeley Heights lies to the southwest and south, and Summit to the east. Much of the unincorporated area of Murray Hill lies in New Providence, with the remainder in Berkeley Heights.

The borough lies on the western slope of Second Watchung Mountain. There are several creek beds carved into the landscape, most of which are forks and branches of Salt Brook. These creeks join together near the center of town then flow into the Passaic River. Over nine percent of New Providence's land area is permanently protected, publicly owned parkland. Most of this land is wooded floodplain adjacent to the Passaic. Union County owns much of the riverfront parkland and New Providence owns the remainder. There are several Borough-owned parks that bracket Salt Brook, including Veterans Memorial Park on South Street, Lyons Park on Livingston Avenue, and Clearwater Park near the end of Central Avenue.

History[edit]

The written history of New Providence begins in 1664 when James, Duke of York and brother to King Charles II, purchased the land that became known as the Elizabethtown Tract from the Lenape Native Americans. Its first European settlers were members of a Puritan colony established in 1720, which was the first permanent settlement of its type.[21] The settlement was originally called "Turkey" or "Turkey Town", due to the presence of wild turkeys in the area.[22][23]

The Presbyterian Church established in 1737 was a focal point for the community, and the lack of serious injuries when the church's balcony collapsed in 1759 was deemed to be an example of Divine Intervention, leading residents to change the area's name to New Providence.[23]

According to local tradition, George Washington spent the night in a local home, which still stands to this day. Supposedly, the local stream, Salt Brook, is named for an incident when the salt supply of the colonial village was dumped into the brook to prevent passing British soldiers from taking it. Ironically, the British Army never crossed the Watchung Mountains into this region. Salt Brook winds through town, starting near the eponymous Salt Brook Elementary School.

On April 14, 1794, Springfield Township was formed, which included the present-day township, along with the towns of Summit, New Providence, and Berkeley Heights.[24] Growth continued in the area, and on November 8, 1809, New Providence Township was formed from within Springfield Township. It included what is now Summit, New Providence, and Berkeley Heights.[24] On March 23, 1869, Summit withdrew from the New Providence Township and reincorporated as a township without any other town.[24]

On March 14, 1899, New Providence also withdrew from New Providence Township and was reincorporated as a borough.[24] With Boroughitis sweeping across the state, many communities within townships were reverting to small, locally-governed communities (mostly reincorporating as boroughs) due to acts of the New Jersey Legislature that made it economically advantageous for communities so do so. New Providence Township was renamed to Berkeley Heights as of November 6, 1951.[24]

The cultivation of roses played an important role in the local economy in the 1900s.[25]

New Providence is a semi-dry town. There are no bars, and no restaurants are permitted to sell alcoholic beverages. Retail liquor sales are legal, however, and restaurant-goers may bring their own alcoholic beverages. In 2011, the borough announced that it was considering issuing on-premises liquor licenses, which could bring in as much as $500,000 for each bar granted a license, with plans to use the money raised to pay for improvements to recreation areas.[26]

The 2011 film Win Win is set at New Providence High School, having been written by Thomas McCarthy and Joe Tiboni, two former students at the school.[27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 565
1910 873 54.5%
1920 1,203 37.8%
1930 1,918 59.4%
1940 2,374 23.8%
1950 3,380 42.4%
1960 10,243 203.0%
1970 13,796 34.7%
1980 12,426 −9.9%
1990 11,439 −7.9%
2000 11,907 4.1%
2010 12,171 2.2%
Est. 2012 12,385 [12] 1.8%
Population sources: 1900-1920[28]
1900-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[8][9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,171 people, 4,408 households, and 3,337 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,343.4 per square mile (1,290.9 /km2). There were 4,537 housing units at an average density of 1,246.3 per square mile (481.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 85.98% (10,465) White, 1.27% (155) Black or African American, 0.10% (12) Native American, 9.78% (1,190) Asian, 0.04% (5) Pacific Islander, 1.22% (148) from other races, and 1.61% (196) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.43% (783) of the population.[9]

There were 4,408 households, of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.20.[9]

In the borough, 27.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.0 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $113,542 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,769) and the median family income was $144,837 (+/- $13,137). Males had a median income of $103,237 (+/- $7,256) versus $60,029 (+/- $10,693) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,564 (+/- $3,739). About 3.2% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

A residential street.

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 11,907 people, 4,404 households, and 3,307 families residing in New Providence. The population density was 3,236.9 people per square mile (1,249.3/km2). There were 4,485 housing units at an average density of 1,219.2 per square mile (470.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 89.77% White, 0.88% African American, 0.03% Native American, 7.60% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.50% of the population.[32][33]

There were 4,404 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.[32][33]

In New Providence the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the borough was $90,964, and the median income for a family was $105,013. Males had a median income of $72,926 versus $46,948 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $42,995. About 1.3% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Municipal building.

New Providence is governed under the borough system of municipal government. The government consists of a mayor and a borough council composed of six council members, with all positions elected at large. A mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The borough council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[6]

As of 2013, the mayor of New Providence is J. Brooke Hern (R, term in office ends December 31, 2014). Members of the New Providence Borough Council are Council President Michael Gennaro (R, 2013), Armand Gallucio (R, 2014), Gary Kapner (R, 2015), Alan Lesnowich (R, 2015), Robert Muñoz (R, 2013) and Robert T. Robinson (R, 2014).[35][36][37][38][39]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

New Providence is located in the 7th Congressional District[40] and is part of New Jersey's 21st state legislative district.[10][41][42]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[43] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[44][45] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[46][47]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 21st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Thomas Kean, Jr. (R, Westfield) and in the General Assembly by Jon Bramnick (R, Westfield) and Nancy Munoz (R, Summit).[48][49] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[50] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[51]

Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members.[52] As of 2014, Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014),[53] Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015),[54] Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015),[55] Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016),[56] Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014),[57] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016)[58] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016),[59] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015)[60] and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014).[61][62] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015),[63] Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016)[64] and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014).[65][66] The County Manager is Alfred Faella.[67]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,916 registered voters in New Providence, of which 1,818 (23.0% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,726 (34.4% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 3,367 (42.5% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties.[68] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 65.0% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 89.5% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[68][69]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 3,267 votes here (53.7% vs. 32.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,726 votes (44.8% vs. 66.0%) and other candidates with 68 votes (1.1% vs. 0.8%), among the 6,080 ballots cast by the borough's 8,493 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.6% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[70][71] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 3,367 votes here (52.8% vs. 35.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,914 votes (45.7% vs. 63.1%) and other candidates with 64 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 6,372 ballots cast by the borough's 8,086 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.8% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 3,443 votes here (55.5% vs. 40.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 2,674 votes (43.1% vs. 58.3%) and other candidates with 52 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 6,202 ballots cast by the borough's 7,801 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.5% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[73]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 2,559 votes here (58.8% vs. 41.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,361 votes (31.3% vs. 50.6%), Independent Chris Daggett with 393 votes (9.0% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 21 votes (0.5% vs. 0.8%), among the 4,351 ballots cast by the borough's 7,961 registered voters, yielding a 54.7% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[74]

Education[edit]

Salt Brook Elementary School.

The New Providence School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[75]) are Allen W. Roberts Elementary School[76] (grades PreK-6; 627 students), Salt Brook Elementary School[77] (K-6; 612), New Providence Middle School[78] (7&8; 337) and New Providence High School[79] (9-12; 619).[80] The middle school and high school share the same building and some of the same facilities (art rooms, auditorium, east wing, west wing, gyms, music rooms, TV production room, cafeteria). Recently a new gym was added to the building.

Serving students in PreK-3 through Grade 8, The Academy of Our Lady of Peace is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[81]

Landmarks[edit]

Shopping center.
  • The Presbyterian Church is a large, white, historic church in the center of town.
  • The Village Shopping Center is a shopping center that takes up the majority of downtown New Providence.
  • Right outside of New Providence is Alcatel-Lucent, in Murray Hill. New Providence School District currently links together the computer networks of its buildings by using a wireless LAN which includes Yagi antennas at two towers by the large copper pyramid-shaped roof. The transistor and laser were invented in this Bell Laboratories when it was part of AT&T.
  • Our Lady of Peace is a Roman Catholic church and school located on South Street. The parking lot at OLP becomes the home of the town's OLP fair, held for three days each spring, complete with rides, games, food, and an indoor auction/junk fest.

Transportation[edit]

Commuter train station.

Service on the New Jersey Transit Gladstone Branch of the Morris & Essex Lines is available at the New Providence and Murray Hill stations, offering service to Hoboken Terminal and to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan. Two Gladstone Branch trains each weekday morning offer one-seat rides to Manhattan, and two evening trains leave New York and stop at both of New Providence's stations on the way to Gladstone. All other rail service is to or from Hoboken. These trains connect at Summit or Newark Broad Street with Manhattan-bound trains.

New Jersey Transit offer local bus service on the 986 route.[82]

Lakeland Bus Lines offers weekday rush hour service from stops along Springfield Avenue to New York's Port Authority Bus Terminal.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 16 miles (26 km) east of New Providence.

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of New Providence include:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Borough Administrator, Borough of New Providence. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  5. ^ Borough Clerk, Borough of New Providence. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 94.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of New Providence, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b Staff. "Census Results 2010: Union County", Asbury Park Press. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for New Providence borough, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for New Providence borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
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  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for New Providence, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for New Providence, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  17. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
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  21. ^ History of Union County, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  22. ^ Meola, Patricia E. "Data reveal much about life in New Providence", Independent press, December 16, 2008. Accessed July 25, 2012. "Once named Turkey Town, the more modern New Providence contains an abundance of older homes, with 84% constructed prior to 1969 and the majority of the homes built in the mid-1950s."
  23. ^ a b History, Borough of New Providence. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  24. ^ a b c d e Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 239 re New Providence, p. 241 re Springfield Township. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  25. ^ New Providence community profile, EPodunk. Accessed October 10, 2007.
  26. ^ Neavill, Mike. "Council ponders cocktail mixing booze, Open Space", The Independent Press, April 8, 2011. Accessed April 8, 2011. "Sobered by a thirst for improved recreational facilities coupled with limited funds, the governing body is taking the unprecedented move of shifting the borough from “dry” to “wet”.Although there are package stores in New Providence, there are no on-premise consumption licenses. Basically, the borough has been a “bring your own” town. “We’re looking for ways to generate income for turf fields,” Mayor J. Brook Hern said."
  27. ^ Angelo, Megan. "Just Like the Good Old Days in the Ring", The New York Times, March 18, 2011. Accessed July 25, 2012. "“I just called Joe and said, ‘Let’s develop a movie based on New Providence wrestling,’ ” Mr. McCarthy said.... Because of tax credits, they shot on Long Island rather than in New Providence. But they scouted locations tirelessly, most notably the office and home that Mr. Giamatti’s character shuttles between.... Though the locations might have been fudged, the filmmakers kept New Providence High School in the film by using its banners, uniforms and wrestling mats, an effort facilitated by one of their former classmates, who’s now the school’s principal."
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  55. ^ Bruce Bergen, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  56. ^ Freeholder Vice Chairman Linda Carter, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  57. ^ Freeholder Angel G. Estrada, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  58. ^ Freeholder Sergio Granados, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  59. ^ Freeholder Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  60. ^ Freeholder Alexander Mirabella, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  61. ^ Freeholder Vernell Wright, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
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  64. ^ Union County Sheriff Ralph Froehlich, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  65. ^ Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
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  75. ^ Data for the New Providence School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 25, 2012.
  76. ^ Allen W. Roberts Elementary School, New Providence School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
  77. ^ Salt Brook Elementary School, New Providence School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
  78. ^ New Providence Middle School, New Providence School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
  79. ^ New Providence High School, New Providence School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
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  84. ^ Meola, Patricia E. "Free concert series in New Providence kicks off July 9", Independent Press, July 6, 2009. Accessed February 3, 2011. "Mr. Grob, who designed Centennial Park, is a lifelong New Providence resident and was the drummer in the 1970s rock group Looking Glass, who recorded 'Brandy, You're a Fine Girl.' It sold more than a million copies, and was the nation's number one record in August 1972."
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