New Richmond, Quebec

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New Richmond
City
Gare de New Richmond.jpg
Location within Bonaventure RCM.
Location within Bonaventure RCM.
New Richmond is located in Eastern Quebec
New Richmond
New Richmond
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°10′N 65°52′W / 48.167°N 65.867°W / 48.167; -65.867Coordinates: 48°10′N 65°52′W / 48.167°N 65.867°W / 48.167; -65.867[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Gaspésie–
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCM Bonaventure
Constituted July 1, 1855
Government[2]
 • Mayor Mme Nicole Appleby
 • Federal riding Gaspésie—
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
 • Prov. riding Bonaventure
Area[2][3]
 • Total 197.80 km2 (76.37 sq mi)
 • Land 168.84 km2 (65.19 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 3,810
 • Density 22.6/km2 (59/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 1.7%
 • Dwellings 1,746
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0C 2B0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Website www.ville
newrichmond.com

New Richmond is an incorporated municipality in Quebec, Canada, situated on the southern coast of the Gaspé Peninsula between the municipalities of Maria and Caplan.

New Richmond is bounded on the west by the Grand Cascapedia River. The Little Cascapedia runs to the east of the town proper. In addition to New Richmond itself, the town's territory also includes the communities of Black Cape and Saint-Edgar.

History[edit]

New Richmond in 1910

The first European settlers arrived from Scotland in 1755. The first arrivals were the Duthie brothers, George and John Duthie and their families. Their descendants still reside in the area today. It is one of the very few remaining municipalities on the Gaspé which still has a relatively large English-speaking population. It was originally a centre of farming, logging, and shipbuilding.

Industry[edit]

The town experienced considerable growth in the 1960s with the development of a linerboard paper mill by Bathurst paper, later Consolidated Bathurst and then through a number of name changes until it became Smurfit Stone. Economic downturns in the region led to the mill being reduced in operations and subsequently many residents left for other regions. In 2006 the mill completely halted operations, leaving the town with no major industry.

There is a large wharf located to the east of the town. This was built to service cargo ships which would arrive to be loaded with "Kraft" paper or bunker oil. It now serves a primarily recreational role.

The town has a British Heritage Museum. There is a small shopping centre, an indoor swimming pool, hockey arena as well as a theatre.

Education[edit]

There is an English-language school (New Richmond High School) located in the center of town which serves now grades K-11. French-speaking children have their own school (Bois Vivant) and complete high school in the town of Carleton.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - New Richmond, Quebec[6]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 4,012 —    
1996 3,941 −1.8%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 3,760 −4.6%
2006 3,748 −0.3%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 3,810 +1.7%

Language[edit]

Mother tongue language (2011)[3]

Language Population Pct (%)
French only 3,215 84.61%
English only 535 14.08%
Both English and French 35 0.92%
Other languages 15 0.39%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 142202 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b "New Richmond". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  3. ^ a b c d "New Richmond census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census