New Salem, Pennsylvania

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New Salem, Pennsylvania
Borough
PA Route 616 passes through New Salem
PA Route 616 passes through New Salem
Official logo of New Salem, Pennsylvania
Keystone Marker
New Salem, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
New Salem, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°54′09″N 76°47′35″W / 39.90250°N 76.79306°W / 39.90250; -76.79306Coordinates: 39°54′09″N 76°47′35″W / 39.90250°N 76.79306°W / 39.90250; -76.79306
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County York
Incorporated 1876
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1 km2)
Elevation 636 ft (194 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 724
 • Density 1,427.6/sq mi (551.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 17371
Area code(s) 717

New Salem, also known as York New Salem, is a borough located in York County, Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the borough had a total population of 724.

Geography[edit]

New Salem is located at 39°54'9" North, 76°47'35" West (39.902526, -76.793162).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water. New Salem lies near North Codorus township. It is a sleepy town with two streets, two pizza shops, a gas station, bar, and post office.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 224
1890 231 3.1%
1900 241 4.3%
1910 248 2.9%
1920 276 11.3%
1930 329 19.2%
1940 345 4.9%
1950 333 −3.5%
1960 350 5.1%
1970 384 9.7%
1980 832 116.7%
1990 669 −19.6%
2000 648 −3.1%
2010 724 11.7%
Est. 2012 779 7.6%
Sources:[2][3][4]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there are 648 people, 258 households, and 198 families residing in the borough. The population density is 1,427.6 people per square mile (556.0/km²). There are 266 housing units at an average density of 586.0 per square mile (228.2/km²). The racial makeup of the borough is 97.69% White, 0.31% African American, 0.00% Native American, 1.85% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.00% from two or more races. 0.31% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 258 households out of which 29.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% are married couples living together, 8.5% have a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% are non-families. 19.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.51 and the average family size is 2.79.

In the borough the population is spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 96.9 males.

The median income for a household in the borough is $51,944, and the median income for a family is $53,295. Males have a median income of $39,028 versus $22,321 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $18,802. 3.9% of the population and 3.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.3% of those under the age of 18 and 6.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

History[edit]

New Salem, or York New Salem, added the prefix York because of a dispute between another borough with the same name in Pennsylvania. No two boroughs can have the same name for postal reasons, according to the federal government. New Salem was founded by settlers from Salem, Massachusetts and from settlers from nearby York.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.