New Serbia (historical province)

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New Serbia
Нова Србија
Новая Сербия
Нова Сербія
territory of Russian Empire

1752–1764
Location of New Serbia
Capital Novomyrhorod (Novomirgorod)
History
 -  Established 1752
 -  Abolished 1764

New Serbia (Ukrainian: Нова Сербія or Nova Serbiya; Russian: Новая Сербия; Serbian: Нова Србија or Nova Srbija; archaic Serbian name: Нова Сербія or Ново-Сербія; Romanian: Noua Serbie) was a military frontier of Imperial Russia from 1752 to 1764 subordinated directly to the Senat and Military Collegium.

It was mostly located in the territory of present-day Kirovohrad Oblast of Ukraine, although some of its parts were located in the territory of present-day Cherkasy Oblast, Poltava Oblast and Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. The administrative centre of New Serbia was Novomyrhorod (Novomirgorod).

History[edit]

The region was named after Serbs, who migrated in 1752 to the Russian Empire from the Military Frontier of the Habsburg Monarchy. Russian authorities gave these Serbian settlers a land, which thus acquired its name, New Serbia soon after the War of the Austrian Succession. As the Panonian Frontier, New Serbia was also organized into military province located on the Russian-Polish border and on the land of Buhogard palanka, Zaporizhian Sich. The purpose of the polity was a protection of southern borders of the Russian empire as well as participation in Russian military operations near that region. Commandant of New Serbia was Jovan Horvat who vouched for his subordinates the Austrian Grenz infantry.

Demographics[edit]

Before the formation of New Serbia, its territory was mostly populated by Ukrainians and included 3,710 houses of settlers from the Hetmanate, Slobozhanshchina and Zaporizhia, 643 houses of native inhabitants and 195 houses of Ukrainian settlers from Poland and Moldavia. When New Serbia was formed, the Russian senate ordered that all these settlers, except native inhabitants, must return to the places where they had previously lived.

After the formation of New Serbia, its initial new settlers were Serbs, but also many Moldavians and other Romanians (Mocani from Transylvania), Ukrainians, Bulgarians and others settled in the area.

Some of the original Ukrainian settlers who left the territory of New Serbia settled in the southern regions of modern-day Ukraine. In 1745, before the formation of New Serbia, its territory was populated by 9,660 inhabitants, while in 1754, the number of inhabitants was 3,989.

Because of the large number of Moldavian settlers, the largest ethnic group in the province in 1757 were not Serbs, but Moldavians.[1] In 1757, population of New Serbia numbered 5,482 inhabitants, including:[2]

Settlements[edit]

Settlements of New Serbia[edit]

In their new home, Serbs established new places, and consequently gave them same names such as the names of the places in their old home in the Pannonian Plain (in modern-day Serbia, Croatia, Romania and Hungary). Serbs also changed names of some older settlements, giving them Serb names. Of the 41 settlements that existed in New Serbia, 26 were founded before arrival of the Serbs.

Older Ukrainian/Russian name (1.) Serbian name from the middle of the 18th century Ukrainian/Russian name from the middle of the 18th century (1.) Newer or modern Ukrainian/Russian name (1.)
Skaleva Semlak (2.) Semlik Skaleva
- Novoarhangelsk / Arhangelsk Novoarkhangelsk / Novoarkhangelysk Novoarkhangelsk / Novoarkhangelysk
Ganivka Kalniblat / Kalnibolot Kalnibolot / Kalynibolot Kalynibolota
- Nadlak (2.) Nadlak Nadlak
Davidivka Petrovo Ostrovo / Petro-Ostrov (2.) Petroostriv Petroostriv
Korobchino Pečka (2.) Bechka Korobchine
Trisyaga Novomirgorod / Novi Mirgorod Novomirgorod Novomyrhorod / Novomirgorod
Yermina Balka Martonoš (2.) Martonosh Martonosha
Olykhovatka Pančevo (2.) Panchevo Pancheve
Tri Bayraki Kanjiža (2.) Kanizh Kanizh
Mogilovo Senta (2.) Senta Mogiliv / Rodnikivka
- Vukovar (2.) Vukovar Bukvarka
- Feldvar / Fedvar (2.) Fedvar Pidlisne
Mala Adzhamka Subotica (2.) Subotitsa Subottsi
Nekrasivska Mošorin (2.) Moshorin Moshorine
- Cibuljev / Cibulev Tsibuliv Tsibuleve
- Dmitrovka Dmitrivka Dmitrivka
Dikivka Sombor (2.) Sombor Dikivka
Protopopivka Varaždin (2.) Varazhdin Protopopivka
Usikivka Bečej (2.) Becha Usikivka / Oleksandriya
- Glinsk Glinsk Glinsk
Pantaziyivka Jenova Yaniv Ivanivka
- Mandorlak (2.) Mandorlak -
Kosivka Glogovac (2.) Glogovats Kosivka
Butivka Pavliš (2.) Pavlish Pavlish
- Piljužnica Pilazhnitsa -
Onufriyivka Blagovat Blagovat Onufriyivka
- Sentomaš (2.) Sentomash -
- Kovin (2.) Kovin -
- Čanad (2.) Chonad -
- Slankamen (2.) Slankamin -
Nesterivka Vršac (2.) Vershats Vershatsi
Stetsivka Šoljmoš / Šolmoš (2.) Sholmosh Stetsivka
Andrusivka Čongrad (2.) Chongrad Velika Andrusivka
- Krilov Krilov Kryliv
- Taburište / Taburino Taburishche Svitlovodsk
- Krjukov Kryukiv Kryukiv
- Kamjanka / Kamenka Kamyanka Kamyani Potoki
Plakhtiyivka Zemun (2.) Zemun Uspenka
Deriyivka Vilagoš (2.) Vilagosh Deriyivka
- Turija (2.) (3.) Turiya Turiya

Notes:

  • (1.) Ukrainian and Russian names are given in Latin script transliterations.
  • (2.) These names were brought by Serbs from their old homeland in southern Pannonian Plain. Places with same names are also existing (or existed) in modern-day Serbia (Vojvodina), Croatia, Romania and Hungary.
  • (3.) Serb settlement of Turiya (Turija) was located in what sources are describing as a nominal Polish territory. The border between New Serbia and Poland was, however, often disputed and unstable.

Origin of settlement names[edit]

Places in New Serbia whose names can be also found in the territory of the Pannonian Plain (mostly in Vojvodina and Pomorišje) include:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Olga M. Posunjko, Istorija Nove Srbije i Slavenosrbije, Novi Sad, 2002, page 36.
  2. ^ Olga M. Posunjko, Istorija Nove Srbije i Slavenosrbije, Novi Sad, 2002, page 36.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mita Kostić, Nova Srbija i Slavenosrbija, Novi Sad, 2001.
  • Pavel Rudjakov, Seoba Srba u Rusiju u 18. veku, Beograd, 1995.
  • Olga M. Posunjko, Istorija Nove Srbije i Slavenosrbije, Novi Sad, 2002.

External links[edit]