National Stadium, Singapore
|Singapore Sports Hub|
|Full name||National Stadium, Singapore|
|Owner||Singapore Sports Hub Consortium|
|Operator||Dragages Singapore Pte. Ltd.|
|Capacity||55,000 (Football/Rugby), 52,000 (Cricket), 50,000 (Athletics)|
|Broke ground||29 September 2010|
|Opened||30 June 2014|
|Construction cost||S$1.87 billion|
|Architect||Arup Associates (Sports venues), DP Architects (Non-sport venues, QP), AECOM (landscape)|
|Singapore national football team
Singapore national cricket team
Located in Kallang, Singapore, the National Stadium is a multi-purpose arena used mostly for football matches featuring a dome and retractable roof. As the only stadium in the world custom designed to host football, rugby, cricket and athletics events. With a mechanised and automated retractable seating configurations on the lowest tier, the arena can also host concerts, cultural and other entertainment purposes at any time. It takes approximately 48 hours to reconfigure seating arrangements to suit an upcoming event. The stadium has a maximum seating capacity of 55,000 for football and rugby, 52,000 for cricket and 50,000 spectators for athletics events.
The arena is located at the site of the former National Stadium, which was closed in 2007 and demolished in 2010. The stadium is a part of the new multi-purpose Singapore Sports Hub complex which comprises the OCBC Aquatic Centre, the multi-purpose OCBC Arena, the Singapore Sports Museum, the Sports Hub library, the Kallang Wave shopping mall and the current Singapore Indoor Stadium, as well as a Water Sports Centre at the adjacent Kallang Basin. The Singapore national football team makes a return home to the National Stadium for the first time since the demolition of the old stadium in 2010, after spending 4 years at the Jalan Besar Stadium and will play future international matches there and hosting National Day Parade in 2016.
Construction work for the sports hub started in 2010 due to the delays caused by the 2008 financial crisis and soaring construction costs. By September 2011, the pilling and the foundation of the stadium was completed and construction on the steelwork of the stadium fixed roof started. On July 2013, the installation of the stadium final primary steel ‘runway truss’ for the roof was completed marking the completion of the steelwork on the National Stadium’s fixed roof in preparation for installation of the retractable roof. The stadium was set to be completed in April 2014, however, In February 2014, Sports Hub CEO Philippe Collin Delavaud announced that the National Stadium's completion was pushed back to June 2014. 
Stadium specifics and features
The stadium has configurable spectator tiers depending on the event being hosted, namely "Football/Rugby mode", "Cricket mode" and "Athletics mode". To configure from athletics mode to football/rugby mode, the lowest spectator tier can be moved 12.5m forward, hiding the athletics running track underneath the seats and bringing spectators close to the pitch to provide optimum spectator viewing distances. An energy efficient cooling system is also designed to deliver cooled air to every seat in the stadium while using less than 15 per cent of energy as compared to a conventional air-conditioned stadium, providing every spectator a cool and comfortable time to enjoy an event.
Dome and retractable roof
The National Stadium currently holds the record of the largest dome structure in the world. The retractable roof itself will take an approximate 25 minutes to open or close. The roof is made out of a lightweight material called ETFE, which is weather-resistant and blocks the sun's heat giving shade and protecting spectators from the hot and humid Singapore weather during the day and potential torrential rain at any point of time. At night, the retractable roof doubles as a giant projector screen on both sides, which can display images such as the Singapore Flag during the National Day Parade.
Mass Rapid Transit
The stadium is located next to Stadium MRT Station on the Circle MRT Line which has interchanges with all other MRT lines in Singapore. Trains arrive every five to six minutes during off-peak hours, and two to three minutes during peak hours and event days. Other MRT stations nearby are Kallang MRT Station which can be accessed using a sheltered walkway, and Mountbatten MRT Station. Both of these stations are within 600 metres (2,000 ft) of the stadium.
Buses and taxis
Bus stops are located around the Sports Hub complex along Stadium Walk, Stadium Boulevard and Nicoll Highway, with buses serving nearby districts and the city. Taxi stands are also conveniently available near the National Stadium, Singapore Indoor Stadium and Leisure Park Kallang.
The National Stadium will host the upcoming 2015 Southeast Asian Games. Other scheduled events include the World Club 10s Rugby in June 2014, the first football match between Juventus F.C. and a Singapore Selection side in August 2014,it also hosted a friendly match between Brazil and Japan,the 2014 AFF Suzuki Cup in November 2014 and the 2016 National Day Parade. Mariah Carey performed the first ever concert at the stadium on October 24, 2014. Celine Dion was scheduled to perform at the stadium on November 25, 2014, but the concert was later postponed until 2015. From June 2014 onwards, the stadium will also host cricket with day-night One-Day Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals matches. There is a prospect of international cricket fixtures and is the possibility of the International Cricket Council moving its headquarters from Dubai to Singapore. 
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- "Singapore’s National Stadium fixed roof steelwork complete". Arup. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "Foundation laid for new National Stadium". Red Sports. 16 September 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "National Stadium to miss April opening". Channel News Asia. 14 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "Singapore’s new National Stadium sells out Japan-Brazil clash". Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- "World Class Facilities". Singapore Sports Hub. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "Positive moves in boosting popularity of cricket". Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Singapore Sports Hub". Arup. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "World’s largest dome roof taking shape in Singapore". Gizmag. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "Singapore's new National Stadium to have world's largest dome". The Jakarta Post. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "Sports Hub to use Desso GrassMaster for its National Stadium pitch". Channel NewsAsia. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Mariah Carey To Perform In Singapore On October 24 At The National Stadium". Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- "SINGAPORE’S SPORTS HUB IMPRESSES". Retrieved 29 August 2013.
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