New South Wales C38 class locomotive

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New South Wales C38 Class
3801 with Newcastle Flyer.png
3801 on a Newcastle Flyer charter in October 2005
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Clyde Engineering (5)
Eveleigh Railway Workshops (13)
Cardiff Locomotive Workshops (12)
Build date 1943–49
Specifications
Configuration 4-6-2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 5 ft 9 in (1,750 mm)
Wheelbase 65 ft 7 18 in (19,993 mm)
Length 76 ft 5 in (23.29 m)
Locomotive and tender
combined weight
201 long tons (204 t; 225 short tons) when in steam
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 14 long tons (14.225 t; 15.680 short tons)
Water capacity 8,100 imp gal (37,000 l; 9,700 US gal)
Boiler pressure 245 psi (1.69 MPa)
Firegrate area 47 sq ft (4.4 m2)
Heating surface:
– Tubes
142 tubes, 2 14 in (57.1 mm) dia each
– Flues 36 flues, 2 14 in (57.1 mm) dia each
– Total 3,367.79 sq ft (312.878 m2)
Superheater type 36 element
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 21.5 in × 26 in (550 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Walschaerts
Performance figures
Tractive effort 36,200 lbf (161 kN)
Career
Operator(s) New South Wales Government Railways
Class C38
Number in class 30
Number(s) 3801–3830
Locale New South Wales, Australia
First run 22 January 1943
Last run 29 December 1970
Preserved 3801, 3813, 3820, 3830
Disposition 4 preserved, 26 scrapped

The C38 class was a class of steam locomotives built for the New South Wales Government Railways in Australia.

Built between January 1943 and November 1949, the 30 locomotives in the class were designed to haul express trains. They were the only New South Wales locomotives to use the popular Pacific 4-6-2 wheel arrangement and were the last steam locomotives built for passenger train operation, all subsequent deliveries being specifically for freight haulage.[1]

Design[edit]

C.38 Class Locomotive Cab Controls

The 38 class were first conceived in the 1930s being heavily influenced by American and other streamlined locomotives of the time.[2] The NSWGR needed a locomotive to eliminate the complications of doubleheading required on a number of fast interstate passenger trains.

The design team was headed by Harold Young, the Chief Mechanical Engineer of the NSWGR. The conditions of trackwork with frequent sharp curvature to be traversed at high speed would require six-coupled driving wheels in a 'Pacific' 4-6-2 configuration. Maintenance considerations suggested a two-cylinder simple steam locomotive.

The design was carried out by the NSWGR Locomotive Section of the Design Office and incorporated the latest developments in locomotive design from Australia and overseas. The incorporation of as many Australian manufactured components as possible was a requirement at the design stage.

History[edit]

In May 1939 an order for five 38 class locomotives was placed with Clyde Engineering.[3] They suffered many delays during construction, mostly due to resource shortages caused by World War II. The first five locomotives were built by Clyde Engineering and had distinctive streamlined boiler casing. The remaining 25 locomotives were built at the New South Wales Government Railways' Eveleigh Railway Workshops (13 even number locomotives) and Cardiff Locomotive Workshops (12 odd numbered locomotives).[4][5]

The Clyde Engineering built examples were delivered in wartime grey. Following the cessation of the war, all were repainted green as were the 25 unstreamlined locomotives from new. All except 3813 were repainted black in the 1950s.[4][6]

Among the services they initially hauled were the Central West Express, Newcastle Flyer, Melbourne Limited, Riverina Express and South Coast Daylight Express as well as the overnight mail trains. Because of their axleload they were confined to operating between Port Kembla, Albury, Dubbo and Maitland.[5]

Following the arrival of the 42, 43 and 44 diesel locomotives in the 1950s, these began to take over but the 38 class continued to haul many. After the electrification of the Main Western line to Lithgow in 1957 and the Main North line to Gosford in January 1960 the 46 class electrics took over but the 38s still operated the Central West Express between Lithgow and Orange into the 1960s and the Newcastle Flyer between Gosford and Newcastle until December 1970.[7]

They also began to haul lesser passenger and freight trains. In April 1962 3830 and 3813 hauled the inaugural standard gauge Spirit of Progress from Albury to Sydney. The first was withdrawn in 1961 with the last withdrawn in December 1970.[4][6]

In August 1970, 3801 hauled the Western Endeavour to Perth following the completion of the standard gauge Trans-Australian Railway with 3813 assisting as far as Port Pirie. In April 1988, 3801 again operated to Perth during the Australian Bicentenary.[5][8]

3801 featured in the 1974 short film A Steam Train Passes.

Roster[edit]

Streamlined 3805
Streamlined
Locomotive Builder Builder's No Built In Service Withdrawn
3801 Clyde Engineering 463 Dec 1942 22 Jan 1943 19 Oct 1965
3802 Clyde Engineering 464 Mar 1943 08 Apr 1943 31 Jan 1967
3803 Clyde Engineering 465 Aug 1943 09 Sep 1943 29 Feb 1968
3804 Clyde Engineering 466 Jan 1944 10 Feb 1944 29 Oct 1965
3805 Clyde Engineering 467 Feb 1945 02 Mar 1945 Dec 1961
Non streamlined 3820
Non streamlined
Locomotive Builder Builder's No Built Withdrawn
3806 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 158 1945 1967
3807 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 159 1946 28 Sep 1968
3808 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 160 1946 1968
3809 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 161 1946 1969
3810 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 162 1946 1969
3811 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 163 1946 1969
3812 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 164 1946 1965
3813 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 165 1946 12 Sep 1970
3814 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 166 1946 1966
3815 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 167 1947 1967
3816 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 168 1947 1966
3817 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 169 1947 1963
3818 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 170 1947 1968
3819 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 171 1947 1963
3820 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 172 1947 29 Dec 1970
3821 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 173 1948 1962
3822 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 174 1947 1970
3823 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 175 1948 1967
3824 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 176 1948 1969
3825 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 177 1948 1969
3826 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 178 1948 1961
3827 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 179 1948 1970
3828 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 180 1949 1969
3829 Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 181 1949 1966
3830 Eveleigh Railway Workshops 182 1949 1967

Preservation[edit]

Preserved C38 Class Locomotives
No. Description Manufacturer Year Organisation Location Status Ref
3801 4-6-2 express passenger Clyde Engineering 1943 NSW Rail Transport Museum Thirlmere under overhaul NSW Heritage Register Locomotive, Steam 3801
3813 4-6-2 express passenger Cardiff Locomotive Workshops 1946 Dorrigo Steam Railway & Museum Dorrigo Dismantled
3820 4-6-2 express passenger Eveleigh Railway Workshops 1947 NSW Rail Transport Museum Thirlmere static exhibit NSW Heritage Register Locomotive, Steam 3820
3830 4-6-2 express passenger Eveleigh Railway Workshops 1949 Powerhouse Museum Thirlmere under overhaul Powerhouse Museum Locomotive 3830

Modelling[edit]

Brass models were available from Model Dockyard in 1966. The 38 class was produced by Lima in HO scale unstreamlined with the streamlined version released by Lima in 1995. Precision Scale Models also made a brass version of this locomotive in the 1990s. It has since been remade by Hornby. A more prototypical model with DCC and sound has since been produced by Eureka Models.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Some Notes on the C38 Class 4-6-2 Locomotive" Young, Harold Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin December 2003 pp443-463
  2. ^ The C38 Class, John. B. Thompson pp3 'Why the 38's'
  3. ^ "The 38 Class Part 3" Roundhouse July 1981 page 22
  4. ^ a b c Flyer. Sydney: New South Wales Rail Transport Museum. 1970. pp. 35–40. ISBN 0-909862-16-8. 
  5. ^ a b c Grunbach, Alex (1989). A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives. Sydney: Australian Railway Historical Society, NSW Division. pp. 210–229. ISBN 0 909650 27 6. 
  6. ^ a b Oberg, Leon (1984). Locomotives of Australia 1850's - 1980's. Frenchs Forest: Reed Books. pp. 168–170. ISBN 0 730100 05 7. 
  7. ^ Preston, Ron G (1992). 3801 A Legend in Steam. 3801 Limited. ISBN 0-646-11931-1. 
  8. ^ "3801 West" Railway Digest July 1988 page 250

External links[edit]

Media related to New South Wales C38 class locomotives at Wikimedia Commons