New South Wales Z19 class locomotive
|New South Wales Z19 class|
Class Z19 Locomotive in service
|Type and origin|
|Builder||Beyer, Peacock & Co.
Henry Vale and Company
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Driver diameter||4 ft 0 in (1.219 m)|
|Locomotive weight||Original: 75,000 lb (34 t);
Rebuilt: 84,000 lb (38 t)
|Boiler pressure||Original: 130 psi (0.90 MPa);
Rebuilt: 150 psi (1.03 MPa)
|Firegrate area||Original: 14 sq ft (1.3 m2);
Rebuilt: 18 sq ft (1.7 m2)
|Original: 1,275 sq ft (118.5 m2);
Rebuilt: 1,320 sq ft (123 m2)
|Cylinder size||18 in × 24 in (457 mm × 610 mm)|
|Tractive effort||Original: 17,900 lbf (79.6 kN);
Rebuilt: 20,655 lbf (91.9 kN)
|Operator(s)||New South Wales Government Railways|
|Class||A93 (Z19 from 1924)|
|Disposition||4 preserved, 76 scrapped|
By 1877 the main lines in New South Wales were nearing Tamworth, Wagga Wagga and Orange. The additional distances required an increase in motive power, especially as at that time, locomotives were changed after quite short journeys. They were only in service when manned by their regular crew.
Between 1877 and 1881, the initial order of 50 of these 0-6-0 wheel arrangement locomotives were delivered from Beyer, Peacock and Company. Between 1880 and 1891, Beyer, Peacock delivered a further nine and local manufacturer, Henry Vale and Company eighteen.
The load which these locomotives could haul over the Blue Mountains line was 128 tonnes at 11–13 km/h. William Thow, the then Locomotive Engineer of the South Australian Railways, was commissioned by the New South Wales Government in 1888 to enquire into the New South Wales Government Railways locomotives and rolling stock. He recommended modifications to this class as he considered them to be the best designed and proportioned of the locomotives then in service. This included Belpaire boilers and new cabs.
Following the reclassification of locomotives in 1891, three additional similar locomotives were added to the class. With the arrival of the T class saw the class relegated to secondary roles and coal services in Newcastle. Between April 1902 and February 1910, fourteen were converted to 20 class 2-6-4 tank engines at Eveleigh Railway Workshops. By 1933 many had been withdrawn, with only 36 remaining in service.
Having a short wheelbase and no leading bogie, the locomotives had a tendency to derail and they were ultimately restricted to a maximum speed of 40 km/h and relegated to shunting and branch line traffic. Driven slowly, they could negotiate the most appalling curves and badly maintained or unballasted tracks. They were therefore ideal in goods yards, such as Darling Harbour and Port Waratah with the last two withdrawn from the latter in August 1972. Branch lines such as those to Dorrigo, Batlow and Oberon where grades of up to 1 in 25 (4%) and curves as sharp as 100 metres (328 ft) radius could be encountered were ideal for this class and these were the only locomotives permitted on these lines until dieselisation.
Four locomotives of the class have been preserved:
|Preserved Z19 Class Locomotives|
|1904||0-6-0 Goods||Beyer, Peacock and Company||1877||Dorrigo Steam Railway and Museum||Dorrigo||stored|
|1905||0-6-0 Goods||Beyer, Peacock and Company||1877||NSW Rail Transport Museum||Thirlmere||static exhibit||NSW Locomotive, Steam 1905|
|1919||0-6-0 Goods||Beyer, Peacock and Company||1878||Glenreagh Mountain Railway||Glenreagh||operational||Steam Locomotive 1919|
|1923||0-6-0 Goods||Beyer, Peacock and Company||1879||Dorrigo Steam Railway and Museum||Dorrigo||stored|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to New South Wales Z19 class locomotives.|
- New South Wales Railways 1855-1955. Published by Department of Railways
- Grunbach, Alex (1989). A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives. Sydney: Australian Railway Historical Society, NSW Division. pp. 46–52. ISBN 0 909650 27 6.
- Preston, Ron G (1984). Tender into Tank. Sydney: New South Wales Rail Transport Museum. pp. 99–150. ISBN 0 909862 18 4.
- Thow, William (1842 - 1926)
- Oberg, Leon (1984). Locomotives of Australia 1850's - 1980's. Frenchs Forest: Reed Books. p. 36. ISBN 0 730100 05 7.